The symptoms and treatment of chronic bronchitis
If a person has developed chronic bronchitis, treatment will be long. Since this type of disease of the upper respiratory tract refers to the long types. Most often chronic bronchitis lasts for 3 months a year for several years. If you have prolonged cough with sputum discharge, it is likely that chronic disease of the bronchial tubes has not left you out. Occurs in children deforming bronchitis that is hard to diagnose.
The causes of pathology
Chronic bronchitis is characterized as a long and progressive process in the bronchial tree. The diagnosis may put the doctor on the basis of the patient's condition. Usually, when chronic cough may not be terminated for 3 months or can last intermittently for up to 2 years. Bronchitis can occur for a number of reasons:
- Errors in the treatment of acute bronchitis.
- The ingestion of bacteria or viruses and their rapid growth, for example, it can be influenza viruses, adenoviruses, viruses of whooping cough or measles, streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci.
- Effects on the body of cold air.
- The inhalation of gases, dust or smoke.
- In adults - effects of nicotine when Smoking.
- Chronic inflammation of the nasopharynx.
- Damage to the thoracic.
- Reducing the protective functions of the organism.
All the above factors (tobacco smoke, cold air, exhaust gases, etc.) contribute to excessive excretion of mucus. Due to swelling in the bronchi mucus can not go completely to the outside, thereby filling the cavity organs. This condition contributes to the accession of bacterial infection. In chronic bronchitis may experience the following symptoms:
- Cough early in the disease can be both dry and wet. With the transition of the disease into the chronic stage, the cough becomes constant, and the amount of sputum increases.
- Due to the narrowing of the lumen obstruction of the bronchi appears. This person may experience shortness of breath after exercise and later at rest.
- Swelling of the bronchial lumen leading to spasms, causing the person becomes difficult to breathe, there is a feeling of suffocation, while difficult, usually the breath. Sometimes this condition is accompanied by a paroxysmal cough with viscous sputum discharge.
All these factors can serve as a basis for the development of bronchitis, and in the absence of proper treatment and constant exposure to irritating substances, the disease becomes chronicstage.
Chronic bronchitis is accompanied by periods of exacerbation when the patient was worried about a General malaise, weakness and fever.
Types of chronic bronchitis
To bronchitis may occur for various reasons, so the disease is divided into primary and secondary bronchitis. The primary condition is caused by external factors, and secondary bronchitis accompanies another disease of the respiratory system.
In the primary bronchitis affects all divisions of the bronchi. In secondary disease some of their departments.
Also a disease of the bronchi may be subdivided according to the degree of destruction of bronchopulmonary tissue:
- Obstructive bronchitis. When the lumen of the passage narrowing due to tissue edema.
- Non-obstructive. When the width of the bronchi remains intact.
The disease can be classified according to the character of the sputum:
- Catarrhal form, i.e. mucous. When discharge in the sputum the presence of pus.
- Catarrhal-purulent and purulent bronchitis. When the sputum has cloudy areas.
Treatment of chronic bronchitis
At the time of exacerbation of the disease and all treatment of chronic bronchitis is aimed at achieving the following goals:
- eliminate inflammation in the bronchi;
- improvement of patency of air and mucus;
- restoration of immunity, both General and local.
In order to suppress the infection, your doctor may prescribe antibiotics and sulfonamides. The duration of antibiotic therapy is as individual as the selection drug. First it should be tested for the sensitivity of microflora. Antibiotics can be prescribed orally in tablets or injections, perhaps their intratracheal administration.
The most effective in the treatment of chronic bronchitis can be a inhalation with onions and garlic. This requires the juice of these plants is mixed with 0.25% solution of Novocain or a solution of sodium chloride in the ratio of 1 to 3. It has the eect of taking 2 times a day for 10 days. Another important step in the treatment of bronchitis is the restoration of bronchial patency. For these purposes, is shown taking bronchodilators, mucolytic, expectorants, and more fluid.
To the inflammatory drugs include:
- infusion of mother and stepmother;
- the marshmallow root;
- the iodide of potassium;
- infusion thermopsis.
In some cases, particularly with obstructive bronchitis therapy bronchodilator funds:Flomax, Aminophylline, Salbutamol, etc. Symptomatic treatment for chronic bronchitis includes the following activities:
- take antihistamines;
- drugs that enhance the immune system;
- the use of antipyretics;
- vitamin complexes;
- possible heart medication, etc.
In parallel, it is possible to use and folk therapy. Will not prevent receiving various herbal decoctions, tinctures. But on warming procedures, it is better to forget, doctors are of the opinion that in chronic disease they are useless.
Diet and lifestyle for bronchitis
Chronic bronchitis, treatment of which should be prescribed only by a physician, requires lifestyle changes. At the time of exacerbation of the disease should drink plenty of liquids.
For an adult the amount of fluid you drink per day should be 3-3,5 liters.
Combine drinks and normal water to alkaline water, it can be juice or hot milk mixed with mineral water. Food should be varied and include enough protein and vitamins. If the patient has fever and there are signs of intoxication, it is better for some time to refuse food. But in General, the diet should be complete.
Use of inhalation, this would require a nebulizer. For a solution I can use regular mineral water or saline. Such procedures are performed up to 3 times a day for 5-10 days. All these treatments contribute to the rapid discharge of phlegm, reduces inflammation.
Frequent or recurring bronchitis a correction of lifestyle and the factors that may provoke the disease. It can be smoke or work in hazardous industries. In chronic course of the disease start to do special breathing exercises. At the time of remission of the disease use tempering procedures with the aim of enhancing the protective functions of the organism.
Treatment of chronic bronchitis with traditional methods
Chronic bronchitis and treated with traditional methods, the main approach to this intelligently, comprehensively and with the approval of the attending physician. An effective remedy for bronchitis is a steam inhalation, it can be done on purpose, but you can breathe over the steam after cooking. For example, after cooking the potato will lean over the steam, cover with a towel and inhale. But this procedure has a number of contraindications and side effects, so apply it should be based on knowledge.
Folk medicine also recommends making a decoction of the following herbs:
- mother and stepmother.
- Linden and etc.
The standard method involves making 1 tablespoon of herb to 500 ml of boiling water.Insist means up to two hours, then filter and take a third Cup 3 times a day. Apply this treatment in combination with primary therapy.
Some healers bronchitis recommend receiving goat's milk or koumiss. But the true facts of the use of this method of treatment is not available.
You can cook the onion recipe with honey, which helps with bronchitis. Must be mixed scrolled through a meat grinder onions with honey in equal proportions. Accepted means of 1 tbsp. spoon twice a day for 10 days or more. You can replace onion with garlic. Remember that possible side effect stomach pain, in this case, prepare a mixture with a small amount of onion.
If you have a prolonged cough, complete the diagnosis and exclude all other similar illnesses. At diagnosis do not delay treatment because you delayed the disease, remember that complications to cure much harder.