Methods of treatment of acute bronchitis
What is the acute bronchitis, treatment is necessary to begin in the early stages of the disease, you should know everyone. Acute bronchitis is considered a common disease of the inflammatory character, where the system suffers breathing. As a result, every patient must understand the cause, the probable signs and ways to eliminate this disease.
Bronchitis - is a major inflammatory disease of the respiratory system in which increased secretion and impaired patency of the bronchi. In addition to respiratory symptoms in this disease the person showing signs of intoxication.
Causes of acute bronchitis
On the basis of the causes which has given rise to the onset of the disease, acute bronchitis may be infectious, non-infectious or unknown origin. Besides quite often you can find mixed forms of the disease.
The basic mechanism of the origin and course of the disease is the infection: the most popular viruses is considered to be flu and SARS, in rare cases, Streptococcus pneumoniae or Staphylococcus aureus. The pathogen penetrates into the bronchi through the air, blood or lymph.
The base of the acute inflammatory process occurring in the bronchi, may be different. For example, a non-infectious form of bronchitis may be caused by chemical or physical factors. The disease can occur in conjunction with other infections. In people with a predisposition to allergies may develop allergic bronchitis in case of long exposure to a certain stimulus. If the upper respiratory tract is affected by the virus or bacteria, can develop a complication of acute viral bronchitis.
There are factors due to which there is painful cough:
- common hypothermia of the body;
- harmful labor conditions;
- the abuse of tobacco or alcohol;
- a weak immune system;
- lack of vitamins and mineral elements in the body.
In most cases, acute bronchitis is observed in the elderly or in young children. The cause of the disease may be the change of seasons, especially the period of spring and autumn.
Drug therapy of acute bronchitis
Treatment of acute bronchitis, as well as any disease of an inflammatory nature, gives the effect when used together, therapeutic agents, treatments physiotherapy and exercise therapy. Therapeutic activities with the help of drugs based onthe use of drugs of many pharmacological groups.
To quickly cure the inflammatory process, it is important to choose the right antibiotic. In the case of acute bronchitis antibacterial therapy is carried out with drugs such as penicillin, macrolides and fluoroquinolones.
Based on the severity of the disease and age of the patient, the antibiotic may be prescribed as a syrup, suspension, tablets, and injections. The dosage and duration of therapy determined by your doctor. The average course of treatment with antibiotics lasts for 7 to 10 days. When all symptoms are eliminated, the patient is still about 2-3 days you need to use medical drugs to consolidate the effect.
As during the treatment of cough, the patient takes antibiotics for a long time, it is imperative to simultaneously drink probiotics (Linex or Bifiform) for the normalization of the bowel and improve its micro flora. However experts recommend to take hepatoprotectors (Darsil or Kars) supporting and rejuvenating liver cells, which is suffering from a prolonged course of medical therapy.
If acute bronchitis in adults caused by respiratory viral disease, it is necessary to carry out the preparations possessing antiviral effect. To date, the range of medicines is large enough. For example, popular tools such as Arbidol, Anaferon or Amizon. The most efficient of the drug can produce exclusively the attending physician.
At temperatures above 38°C, patients should receive antipyretics. Now among this drug group is a great demand for Paracetamol or Aspirin.
When the temperature does not rise above 38°C, lowering it is not recommended, as this reaction means that the body combat viruses and bacteria.
To liquefy the accumulated phlegm in the bronchi and bring it, the doctor prescribes the drug study of expectorant actions (Mukaltin, Mucosolvan or Spilled). In dyspnea, it is advisable to accept funds, contributing to the expansion of the bronchi (Teopek or Leotard). Today pharmaceutical companies are producing drugs of mixed action, which facilitate the expectoration of mucus, and the bronchi at the same time.
During therapy of acute inflammatory process in the bronchi in conjunction with the traditional treatment the patient is recommended plenty of warm drinks, infusions and teas from herbs. Besides, it is necessary to maintain in the room wherethere is a sick, fresh air and sufficient humidity level.
Physical therapy and exercise therapy in the treatment of acute bronchitis
To people quickly recovered, the specialist picks up a highly effective therapeutic program, which includes use of medicines, physiotherapy and complex physical therapy.
Still widely used the following therapeutic procedures:
- ozokerite and paraffin applications;
- ultrahigh-frequency therapy and ultrasound;
- vibratory massage and breathing exercises.
In a short time and effectively to treat acute bronchitis can steam inhalation made with essential oils and herbal infusions. Particularly excellent effect in the removal of mucus from the respiratory tract has a finely divided inhalation of special funds, promotes expectoration. The medicine is sprayed by the nebulizer type nebulizer.
If the body temperature exceeds 37°C, it is possible to carry out heat treatments in the chest area. In stationary conditions of an application are assigned on the basis of paraffin and ozokerite. If the treatment of acute bronchitis is at home, for this purpose you can use mustard or pellets of potatoes. Data therapeutic interventions to normalize blood flow, reduce inflammation and lead to faster recovery.
Such simple and highly effective physical therapy treatments, both UHF and ultrasound, have an effect on the deeper parts of the bronchi, thereby decreasing inflammation and aktiviziruyutsya the movement of blood. When a person is in a stationary condition, he is shown breathing exercises or vibratory. If the disease is treated at home, for the development and normalization of functioning of organs responsible for gas exchange, should be massage by gently tapping on the back in the area of the bronchi. It is very helpful to inflate the balloons. These simple and interesting procedure is able to replace medical treatment.
Recipes folk remedies in the treatment of acute bronchitis
Like medication, traditional treatment of bronchitis occurring in an acute form, show a good result. They are in addition to the basic treatment of the disease. Often for the treatment of acute cough elixir used breast or breast fees on the basis of medicinal herbs.
To arrest coughing, it is possible to do inhalations with 30-50% aqueous solution of honey, eucalyptus oil, or slightly warmed soda solution.
If you have no inhaler, alternatively, youto use the kettle which is filled to a quarter with clean water. Water brought to a boil, then poured in a bowl and add 1 tbsp. of honey or soda. Eucalyptus oil (2-4 drops) also diluted in a bowl of water. The patient should then tilt your head over the bowl and cover with a towel. In this position, he must be from 1 to 5 minutes.
Excellent healing effect such plants as the plantain. Method prepare the following: 4 tbsp. l. crushed leaves of the plant pour 0.5 liters of boiling water and insist 4 hours. This extract is used to thin mucus and make breathing easier.
In addition to the plantain expectorant properties of thyme, mother and stepmother, rosemary or anise fruit. These healing plants can be purchased at the pharmacy. To manufacture medical infusion, you need to take a dose of the briquettes and pour a glass of boiling water. The infusion needs to steep for 15-20 minutes, after which it is filtered and accepted.
Despite the effectiveness of drugs and folk remedies in the treatment of acute bronchitis should monitor their health and to avoid hypothermia. When the first signs of the disease urgency to go to the doctor. Ignore treatment is unacceptable, as the disease can become chronic or to give the complication. Folk remedies, it is advisable to use only at the beginning of the disease and only after consultation with your doctor. All prescribed drugs, including antibiotics, should be taken only on the prescription of the doctor, and only in those dosages that are assigned during the inspection and the results of medical tests.