The symptoms and treatment of bronchitis
The symptoms of bronchitis in adults most often occur very quickly, in fact, the first symptoms appear since the first days of the disease.
Bronchitis is a disease having an inflammatory nature that affects the respiratory system in the field of the bronchial tree. Bronchi is a system of airway tubes that connect the windpipe with the lungs. The development of the disease, the difficulty of admission of fresh air to the lung tissue and reverse its movement. The difficulties arise due to the formation of swelling of the mucous membrane that covers the bronchi, and the formation of large amount of mucus on the inner surface of the mucous membrane.
Most often the occurrence of bronchitis comes in the form of complications with the progression of acute respiratory illness.
The causes of disease in the body are:
- the development of viral microflora.
- the development of bacterial microflora.
- regular employment in environments that have contaminants that provoke the development of disease;
- unfavorable ecological situation in the place of residence of the person.
Medical experts are several types of bronchitis:
- the acute form;
- chronic form;
- obstructive form.
Each of these forms of the disease has specific symptoms of its development. With the emergence of the first suspicion of the presence of this serious ailment of any person concerned with the question of how to identify bronchitis in the body.
Symptoms development in the body acute forms of bronchitis
The symptoms of bronchitis is primarily manifested by the occurrence of cough. Depending on the degree of progression of the disease, the cough may be dry or wet.
Inflammation of the bronchial mucosa with the development of acute forms of the disease provokes an increased production of the walls of the bronchial tree secretion, which causes the cough. The cough that accompanies the disease throughout the period of development, in some cases, this symptom becomes painful nature. Most often, the cough bothers the patient throughout the night. In the process of progression of disease the amount of mucus produced increases, and the mucus becomes transparent yellow or yellow with a greenish tinge, its separation is facilitated.
Acute bronchitis has symptoms that are directly associated with infectious processes in the body as a result of progression of acute respiratory illness. It can be accompanied by the appearancepain in the throat, sore throat, runny nose, difficulty in nasal breathing. Additionally, in humans, the disease manifests itself in the form of fever, chills, aches throughout the body, fatigue and intoxication. Typical manifestations of bronchitis in the acute form is the appearance of thoracic pain and pain in the interscapular region.
In the process of recovery phenomena that characterize the disease gradually weaken and disappear for 10-20 days.
In case of transfer of inflammation in the bronchioles of the human condition is deteriorating. In this period there is the appearance of painful cough with minimal sputum.
Additionally there is the appearance of dyspnea, cyanosis and signs of cardiovascular insufficiency.
In this scenario, the disease becomes protracted. When conducting insufficient or inadequate treatment, as well as in the case of weakening the immune system of the patient, the acute form of bronchitis transformirovalsya chronic.
Symptoms development of chronic disease in the human body
Unlike acute bronchitis, in chronic form, can occur for several months, and in some cases even years. Illness refers to the chronic form in that case, if the cough has been going on for more than 3 months with the regular recurrence of the appearance during 2 years. Exacerbations occur most often in cold season or in the off-season. Exacerbation of chronic forms of the disease can occur due to regular exposure on the body of various irritants. The disease is in the process of deterioration manifests with persistent wet cough in which there is scanty sputum, feeling of General weakness and fatigue in the body. The characteristic feature of development of chronic form of bronchitis is the emergence in acute severe dyspnea.
A large increase in body temperature occurs. The exacerbations can be identified by the appearance of bronchospasm and asthmatic symptoms. In the process of progression over time in the patient observed changes in the bronchial tree, the violation of its functions.
The emergence and development of chronic forms of the disease is observed very often in the background of the misuse of tobacco. Chemical compounds included in tobacco smoke, carry out the blockage of the cilia on the inner surface of the respiratory tract. These cilia are responsible for the removal of a lung irritant compounds and pathogenic flora.
alt="Inhalation bronchitis">as a result of blocking the work of the cilia occurs increasing the probability of irritation and damage to the respiratory tract. This provokes the emergence and progression of the inflammatory process on the inner surface of the bronchi that leads to a violation of the drainage function.
With the development of chronic forms of inflammation involving the deep layers of the bronchi, which begins the process of scarring. Formed scars lead to narrowing of the lumen of the bronchi and their deformation. In the process of its progression of chronic form transformirovalsya in chronic obstructive disease in which there is a defeat not only the bronchi, but lung tissue.
The signs of obstructive bronchitis
Obstructive form of the disease starts to progress as a result of violations of the patency of the bronchi. This process may occur on the background of the development in the patient of influenza, SARS, or when you use inadequate and insufficient treatment of acute or chronic forms of the disease. In some cases, is the development of obstructive forms of the disease as a separate disease.
The first signs of the emergence of this form of breathing with a whistling sound when you exhale and the emergence in the process of committing acts of breathing, dry wheezing that can be heard even at a distance. Other signs of the disease are bronchospasm, which complicate the process of committing the respiratory acts. A person suffering from obstructive form of the disease starts with shortness of breath, due to the emergence and development of edema of the bronchial mucosa, and accumulation on its surface produced by secret.
In the event that a person's obstructive chronic forms of the disease there are periods of exacerbation and remission. Clinical symptoms that occur in the period of exacerbation of the disease depend on the degree of development and destruction of the structure of the bronchi. Most often, the cough and shortness of breath of the patient are aggravated in the morning.
The acute form of obstructive bronchitis is more characteristic for children's age.
Diagnosis of disease in the human body
Conducting diagnosis of the disease presents no special difficulties. The main manifestations of the disease is supported by data obtained during auscultation of the lungs. In some cases to clarify the diagnosis carried out a series of additional studies, the main of which are:
- General analysis of blood;
- auscultation of the heart;
- palpation of the liver;
- x-ray examination.
The analysis of the blood determined the erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR),changes in the number of leukocytes. If you are diagnosed with chronic forms of the disease in humans in the process of blood analysis reveals anemia and eosinophilia.
A sputum culture is conducted in order to determine the sensitivity to antibiotics.
When performing auscultation of the heart reveals signs of heart failure with pulmonary etiology.
X-ray examination is required for the implementation of the differential diagnosis of pneumonia.
When performing palpation of the liver revealed the presence and development of hepatomegaly, which is a pathological increase in the volume of the liver. This condition of the liver develops at the origin of many disorders in the body, including is a violation detected in the bronchitis of a smoker's.
Treatment of bronchitis
Most often, the inflammatory process does not require serious medical therapy. Doctor mainly when treatment focuses on events Abduraimova character, additionally the symptomatic treatment of the disease.
Use the following common medical events:
- compliance with bed rest in the period of occurrence of hyperthermia, with frequent change of underwear;
- elimination of drafts and complete a temporary waiver of the street walks;
- drinking large amounts of fluid, as it reduces the impact on the body of toxins and emerging thins mucus;
- complete refusal from Smoking;
- the mandatory treatment of chronic tonsillitis and other infection sources.
With medical treatment the following drugs:
- have antipyretic effect;
- has vasoconstrictor properties;
- drugs with antihistamine action;
- mucolytics and expectorants in the case of sputum;
- bronchodilatory (used in the event of obstruction);
- with antibacterial effect;
- vitamin complexes, containing vitamins b and C;
- having immunocorrective action.
The use of drugs should be carried out only in strict accordance with the recommendations of a physician.
Additional procedures used in the treatment of bronchitis
When treatment is applied additional procedures to enhance the action of drug therapy. The main procedures are:
- inhalations with medicinal herbs and oils of conifers;
- holding phytotherapeutic treatment;
- conducting chest compressions;
- sessions of breathing exercises;
- the use of methods of halotherapy.
If you have developed bronchitis, its symptoms, treatmentrequire to carry out immediately, however it is worth remembering that antibiotics should not be implemented without consultation with a specialist. In some cases, the occurrence of viral inflammation antibiotic treatment is inappropriate or ineffective. Antibiotics designated doctor and is carried out in strict accordance with the developed scheme. In the case of neglecting treatment and medication acute bronchitis can be transformed into chronic, and can cause the development in the patient's body a large number of complications.
Treatment at home should be carried out in accordance with the same principles as treatment in a medical facility.