Chronic bronchitis: symptoms and treatment of adult
When manifested chronic bronchitis, the symptoms and treatment in adults should know every person who cares about their health. Under chronic bronchitis mean a sluggish or progressive inflammation localized in the bronchi. About the development of bronchitis can be discussed only in case if it is the main symptom (cough) is not terminated for 3 months. Such a time frame is indicated not just. The fact is that if all cases of protracted cough called bronchitis, then the world would not remain a single person, who at any stage of life would not have been diagnosed with "chronic bronchitis".
This disease can develop in anyone, but most often it is diagnosed in people whose work involves frequent stays in harmful conditions regarding broncho-pulmonary system and smokers. These 2 factors cause irritation to the bronchial mucosa, which leads to the maintenance of the inflammatory process.
Chronic bronchitis causes violations of bronchial patency, mechanisms of local immunity and the flow of bronchial secretions. This all leads to the fact that completely get rid of the disease is impossible. Against the background of these changes aktiviziruyutsya infection, the progression of which can lead to lung disease. Lung disease, but a strong cough is characteristic of respiratory failure.
Symptoms of the disease
Symptoms of chronic bronchitis are very diverse. The most common of these are:
- cough, as mentioned above, this symptom is the main symptom of chronic bronchitis;
The cough may be wet or dry and be accompanied by expectoration of sputum, which is a protective mechanism of the bronchial tree, which seeks to get rid of the accumulated mucus. Of a violation of the normal patency of small bronchi may indicate a dry cough accompanied by wheezing remote.
- shortness of breath;
For the occurrence of this symptom of the inflammatory process should progressively increase, to be very active or be very long period of time (over 10 years). Shortness of breath often occurs in people with extensive Smoking history and individuals, who often are diagnosed with seasonal exacerbation of cough. These patients before the appearance of shortness of breath are not even aware that they are sick. For them the morning dry cough with a small amount of sputum is the norm. Dyspnea in these patients is wrongly perceivedas the beginning of the disease.
In obstructive forms of chronic bronchitis, shortness of breath, usually occurs with the onset of the disease. First, the information discomfort may only occur during heavy exercise. But very soon the shortness of breath starts to alarm even in moments of rest.
As mentioned above, described the disease quite often accompanied by sputum. The secreted liquid can be transparent or colored in yellow-brown or black hue. The color of the phlegm depends on the cause of the disease. During the exacerbations the patient there is viscous purulent sputum is green. The symptoms of bronchitis are talking about the activation of the microbial flora and in need of immediate treatment to the doctor.
This unpleasant symptom is not always appear in the presence of chronic bronchitis. The appearance of blood, evidence of severe complications and progression of the disease.
- wheezing - due to the presence in the lumen of the bronchi of the sputum occurring air turbulence, which is manifested by wheezing.
During an exacerbation of chronic bronchitis in a patient appear dry wheezing, and during remission - wet.
Whatever the signs of chronic bronchitis in adults, at first they appear, you should immediately consult a doctor. Experienced technician to quickly diagnose the ailment and prescribe the right treatment that will help to cope with unpleasant symptoms.
Drug treatment of the disease
In the period of exacerbation and in the presence of symptoms of intoxication doctors prescribe the patient antibiotics. Were most commonly prescribed Penicillin, 2nd generation Cephalosporins or Fluoroquinolones. The doctor picks an antibiotic, taking into account individual sensitivity of the patient. Self-administration data of drugs is prohibited. Uncontrolled reception of antibiotics can become the cause of serious complications.
The treatment of this disease also implies acceptance of the expectorant drugs. Same effectiveness are drugs of reflex action and means, contributes to liquefaction of sputum. The first group includes medications with plantain, ivy extract, and potassium iodide, the second - Mucodin and ACC. No less effective are mukoregulyatory, which also contributes to liquefaction and expectoration.
At occurrence of dyspnea in adults, it is necessary to take bronchodilators. Experts recommend to give the preference to the inhaled forms of these drugs. Largepopular Atrovent and Salmeterol. Within 1 day should be at least 6 breaths of this medicine.
To increase resistance to colds in winter time, doctors recommend to take vitamins, immunomodulators and adaptogens. Very useful vitamins b and C. currently, for these purposes are increasingly used bacterial immunomodulators, which are a kind of inoculation, designed to combat the most common infectious agents of the respiratory system.
Treatment of folk remedies
Chronic bronchitis can be treated not only with medicines, but popular recipes of folk medicine. Folk remedies can be easily prepare at home.
Well relieves inflammation of the infusion of pine buds - 5 tablespoons kidney pour 1 liter of boiling water. The resulting consistency should be postponed for 24 hours. Ready medication must be stored in the refrigerator and use 1/3 Cup in the morning before eating. This drug fights the wheezing when chronic bronchitis.
No less popular is the infusion of 2 spoons of plantain leaves and the same number of mother and stepmother. The resulting mixture should pour 1.5 liter of water, put on fire and bring to boil. Finished medicine should be consumed three times in strikes in ½ Cup. As practice shows, the condition normalizes after a couple of days, but treatment should not last less than 30 days.
Home treatment for the above disease can be done using tincture of licorice root - 100 grams of licorice root should be grated and pour 500 ml of vodka. Means necessary to insist in a dark place for 7 days. Ready infusion should be consumed inside 1 drop in the morning before eating. The course of treatment is 21 days. This fluid has excellent expectorant properties.
These same properties and the following collection - 20 g of horsetail should be mixed with 10 grams of mother and stepmother and the same number of leaves of plantain. The resulting mixture pour 1 liter of boiling water and infuse for 24 hours. Then in the resulting texture we need to add 3 tablespoons of flax seeds and simmer on medium heat for about 15 minutes. In the finished tincture, it is necessary to add a few spoons of honey and consume it every morning for 40 days.
In acute bronchitis it is important to drink plenty of fluids. Doctors suggest the presence of this disease throughout the day to drink at least 3-3,5 liters of clean water without gas. Also very useful alkalineMorse and 500 ml mineral water, diluted with the same amount of hot milk.
Do not forget about proper nutrition.
The diet of the patient should attend a sufficient number of products containing a lot of proteins and vitamins. On the background of intoxication and high temperature recommended fasting. And, of course, be sure to give up Smoking and heavy harm (frequent hypothermia, work with paints and dusty production).
Before using any, even the most effective means of chronic bronchitis, you should consult with your doctor. An experienced specialist will tell you about possible complications home treatment and will give all necessary recommendations.