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Than effectively treat pharyngitis?

Scratchy and sore throat, redness of the throat, painful cough and runny nose - all point to strep throat.It can manifest itself as adult and child.Pharyngitis how to treat an adult or child should consult a therapist or ENT doctor because the inflammation in the mucosa of the pharynx and lymphoid tissue, should be distinguished from acute tonsillitis. With angina inflamed tonsils, and pharyngitis process captures a large part of the larynx. The treatment is similar, but has its own characteristics.

lokalizaciya faringita

Pharyngitis there are acute and chronic

  1. Acute pharyngitis is divided into:
  • viral (throat is inflamed due to the penetration of adenovirus, influenza, coronavirus, etc.);
  • bacterial (inflammation caused by streptococci, staphylococci, pneumococci, etc.);
  • fungal (culprit of the illness is a fungus of the genus Candida, etc.);
  • traumatic (soft tissue of the throat is damaged during operation or when exposed to a foreign body, and ingestion of hot liquids, acids, alkalis and irritating vapors;
  • allergic response the body's response to breath dust and other allergens.
  1. Chronic pharyngitis are classified according to the external manifestations:
  • catarrhal pharyngitis based on the reddened and thickened mucosa of the pharynx are visible mucopurulent discharge).
  • atrophic pharyngitis (dry throat the mucous membrane is pale pink in color, it obviously differentiated lymphoid granules and small blood vessels).
  • hypertrophic pharyngitis (swollen mucous membrane of the throat is of a bright red color. In her column visible dilated blood vessels and increased lymph formation).

Causes of pharyngitis

stimulyaciya faringita kureniemTo the emergence and development of pharyngitis often lead to the following factors:

  1. Inhalation of cold air or drinking cold drinks.
  2. Severe irritation of the larynx by tobacco smoke, alcohol, chemicals, vapors, etc.
  3. Viral, bacterial or fungal infection.
  4. Return local allergic reaction.
  5. Secondary infection from foci of chronic inflammation (caries, gingivitis, sinusitis, etc.)

Symptoms of pharyngitis

Clinical manifestations of pharyngitis depend on the cause of the disease.

If the larynx is inflamed in response to irritating dusts, gases or liquids, as well as too hot or cold products, it all starts with sore throat and dry cough. Later there is a sensation of a foreign body in the throat and intense pain. A dry cough gives way to productive. The body temperature risesslightly to 37.50C, in rare cases up to 38-38,50C. the patients develop sleepiness, feeling queasy and a little weak.In the area of the throat may be mild swelling, and pain begins to give in the ears or a feeling of stuffy ears. The inflammatory process in the throat is usually accompanied by enlargement and tenderness of the submandibular lymph nodes.

povyshenie temperatury tela pri faringiteWhen the cause of strep throat was a viral infection - influenza, measles, scarlet fever, etc., redness and pain in the throat combined with symptoms of the underlying disease and signs of intoxication, skin rashes, high fever and shortness of breath. Sometimes, in addition develops conjunctivitis, tracheitis, laryngitis, etc.

The chronic form of pharyngitis is characterized poorly marked irritation and dryness in the throat. Sometimes scratchy and the sensation of a lump in the throat combined with a painful non-productive cough. Intoxication and the apparent deterioration is observed. At the stage of exacerbation of chronic pharyngitis has all the signs of acute of the disease.

Diagnosis of the disease

The experienced doctor can make the diagnosis of acute or chronic pharyngitis only on the General examination of the pharynx and the complaints of frequent colds. The results of this common blood test will show that the body has the inflammation, but strong deviations from the norm are detected. To determine viral or bacterial origin of the infection, patients take a swab of throat.

Different forms of pharyngitis have a great picture pharyngoscope:

  1. The mucous membrane of the larynx in acute pharyngitis bright red. The uvula edematous and the soft palate you can see the pockets of pus and mucus.
  2. For chronic atrophic pharyngitis is characterized by a dry, shiny and thinned the mucous membrane of the pharynx. On the back of the throat visible dried mucus.
  3. In chronic hypertrophic pharyngitis in the throat clearly visible giperplazirovannah foci of lymphoid tissue, and behind the rear palatal handles are increased tuboovarialny rollers.

vliyanie gastrita na poyavlenie faringitaQuite frequently chronic pharyngitis occurs due to chronic atrophic gastritis, pancreatitis or cholecystitis. When gastroesophageal reflux and hernia hiatal acidic stomach contents during sleep and exercise gets into the throat, which leads to the systematic irritation of the larynx. Thus, the patient developed all the symptoms of chronic catarrhal pharyngitis. Unfortunately, without treatment of the diseasedigestive tract, local treatment of pharyngitis does not give long lasting effect.

From years of smokers and patients after surgery, tonsillectomy often occur atrophic changes of the mucous membrane of the pharynx.

Pharyngitis often occurs in people with constant nasal congestion. First, the person starts breathing through the mouth. Second, the lack of normal nasal breathing results in the abuse of vasoconstrictor drugs.

Postnatalnogo leaking mucus from the nose can cause inflammation of the back of the throat that leads to pharyngitis. Postnatally syndrome triggers wheezing symptoms resembling bronchial asthma.

The treatment of the disease

If the disease began after exposure to an irritant agent, a factor which needs to be addressed. For example, don't smoke and don't go out into the cold air without a warm scarf. Further treatment of the local manifestations of pharyngitis and immunity.

In the absence of high temperature is not necessary to comply with bed rest.

otkaz ot alkogolya pri faringiteIn the acute phase of the disease have to refrain from Smoking and drinking alcoholic beverages. In order not to irritate the throat even more preferred warm soft or mashed food and soups. Avoid cold, hot, spicy, sour and salty foods. Fluid intake should be increased to 1.5 - 2 liters a day. Warm tea with lemon, milk with honey and butter, rose hips extract, berry juice and jelly - all of it would be beneficial for the sore throat.

The most effective remedy for pharyngitis local treatment are:

  1. Rinse with a sea salt solution with the addition of tincture of iodine. In a glass of lukewarm water add ½ teaspoon of salt and soda, then add 3-5 drops of tincture of iodine. Next time use a different structure - it can be a solution Furatsilina, Miramistina, Chlorhexidine, Eludril, Iodinol, Joxa, Wokadine, etc. For children preferred solutions containing botanicals - Rotokan, Romazulan, Proposal, Evkalimin, Chlorophyllin. Rinsing is a very important component of treatment. Repeat every 1.5-2 hours procedure not only wash with mucosal pathogens, but also soothes cough, reduces irritation and sore throat.
  2. If desired, pharmaceutical solutions can be supplemented by gargling decoction of chamomile, infusion of sage, oak bark and other plant resources.
  3. After 5 minutes rinse the can 1-2 times a day to smear the throat Lugol solution with glycerin. This medicine disinfects and helps to soften the throat.
  4. After another rinse to relieve sore throat suggest irrigationspray Ingalipt, Kameton, Hexetidine, Yoks, Kampman, Tantum Verde, etc., There are universal means for combating viral and bacterial infection, for example, spray Bioparoks. This tool is designed for adults and children over 12 years.
  5. With a spray you can apply lozenges and pastilles. They are easy to put on the cheek at night to reduce cough and sore throat. Strepsils lozenges contain the components not only reduces pain, but at the same time fighting bacteria, viruses and fungi. In addition pharmacies can find lozenges Septolete, Coldrex Lary Plus, Neo-Angin, lozenges Faringosept, Grameen, Sebidin, Septopal, Hexetidine, Exelis etc. For young children recommended crushed tablets Imudon and Lisobact. The Trahisan and Allergy medications contain antiseptic and analgesic component.

paracetamol pri lechenii faringitaTo reduce fever and relieve symptoms before sleep you can take Paracetamol or Ibuprofen. Quite often doctors complement this treatment with antihistamines (Zodak, Diazolin, Suprastin, etc.) vitamin-mineral complex supplements and medicines interferon therapy.

If the sore throat is accompanied by a purulent film on the mucous membrane, most likely the doctor will prescribe the antibiotic penicillin. If you are allergic to similar medications, preferred 1st generation cephalosporins or macrolides.

In chronic pharyngitis good Supplement local treatment physical therapy - ultraviolet irradiation of the pharynx (the tube) and electrophoresis with drugs.

In the treatment of pharyngitis in adults first place is occupied by the means of the local application. Save on prescription frequency of taking medications and rinses.

Don't let me go, he, like any inflammatory disease tends to chronicity.