Features and treatment of acute pharyngitis
In acute pharyngitis the treatment prescribed by the otolaryngologist based on the bacteriological and virological tests after diagnosis. The disease is an active inflammatory process affecting the mucosa of the pharynx. Thus patients there is a sense of palpable discomfort, irritation and sore throat. Most often the disease are children and adolescents, but in adults it is no exception. In the course of the disease is marked edema with infiltration of mucosa at the cellular level, characterized by sloughing of epithelium and vasodilation. The inflammatory process is most fully reflected, localizaci on the side and rear pharyngeal wall in the nasopharynx near the beginning of the auditory tube. Atrophy is characterized by a thinning of the mucosa.
Causes of strep throat, its forms and types
A disease such as strep throat, is used to appear as a result of effects on the body different causal factors. In their capacity as there may be hypothermia; mechanical damage; injury; burns mucous membranes; surgical operation; various medical procedures; viral and bacterial infection; contact with various chemical irritants, dust or harmful toxic compounds. Reduced immunity also can cause the formation and the development of acute pharyngitis.
In some cases, the disease can occur due to alcohol consumption and Smoking. In connection with the presence of multiple causes of pharyngitis are usually classified according to the etiological factors, which is reflected in the names of diseases. Thus, there are viral, fungal, traumatic, allergic and bacterial pharyngitis.
In any form of the disease usually is characterized by full coverage of the pharyngeal departments. Catarrhal pharyngitis, appearing as complications after acute respiratory infections, is considered the most common and frequent form of the disease. In this case, the introduction of flu, parainfluenza, herpes, respiratory and other viruses are often the cause of disease.
More than 70% of cases during epidemics occurring in the offseason, the most common are rhinovirus infection. Upon initial infection, representing only the first phase of acute pharyngitis, creates favorable conditions for the penetration of additional infections and bacteria. The occurrence of acutefungal pharyngitis is the result of contact with such a pathogen, like Candida fungi.
Onset of the disease is characterized by inflammation of the tonsils, a sore throat and barely perceptible unpleasant pain. Then over time can begin to have a fever, a weakness, malaise, General fatigue and feeling of weakness. Most often affects both tonsils, are much rarer unilateral inflammation.
The condition of the mucous membrane is hyperemic only mild, but the presence of whitish or grayish cheesy plaque is observed almost always. Normally, plaque is removed without any difficulties. In very rare cases, dense structure, its removal can lead to erosively mucosa with a barely noticeable bloody discharge.
Almond candidiasis often becomes a causal factor in the events from time to time of relapse. Their occurrence is directly correlated with the activity of the fungus, is the causative agent.
The course of the disease is usually protracted. With regard to such manifestations in acute pharyngitis, as moldy pharyngeal fungal infections, and they occur more rarely. The symptoms are obvious differences from the signs of candidiasis. Inflammation affects one side, pain in the throat usually gives the ear, the amygdala becomes more increased and closely located lymph nodes. The plaque has a yellowish tint, covering only the amygdala. To remove it in this case quite difficult, and every attempt leads to the formation of erosive surfaces. At the moment the nature of the flow there are only two main forms of acute pharyngitis:
At first the main symptoms are sore throat, mild General malaise, low-grade fever. The etiology is most often viral in nature. Purulent pharyngitis is discomfort and weakness was much more pronounced, the body temperature rises to 38°C. Bacterial pharyngitis is almost always caused by streptococci and 1/6 part of the total disease. This disease usually begins abruptly and is accompanied by raising of high temperature, pain in the nasopharyngeal area and the throat, and in some cases there is a coating of lymphoid follicles purulent coating.
Symptoms and signs of strep throat
The hallmark of the disease is that inflammatory processes in the mucosa of the pharynx in a veryrare cases are characterized by isolated flow. Although this phenomenon can also take place by direct impact on it. In this case, some role is played by the abuse of alcohol and Smoking.
The disease is provoked by mechanical damage, by contact with very cold or hot foods on the mucosa, as well as dust or sudden exposure to cold air. For the most part the development of inflammation due to all the infection penetrated into the respiratory tract.
The main symptoms refers to the characteristic sore throat, pain during swallowing and pain radiating to the ears. The condition of patients largely depends on the individual physiological characteristics of each organism, the preparedness of the immune system to resist infection, the degree and etiology of pharyngitis.
Acute pharyngitis can be as independent disease, and may develop on the background or be part of other illnesses, such as measles, influenza, parainfluenza, scarlet fever or acute respiratory viral infection. In this scenario, the symptoms have a Supplement with clear signs of General clinical picture of the disease.
Diagnosis and treatment of acute pharyngitis
Treatment of acute pharyngitis, like most serious diseases, begins with establishing the correct diagnosis and examination of patients. Diagnosis of strep throat involves holding a pharyngoscope, a direct examination of the patient and medical history. With the help of tests and smears the definition of the nature of the main causative agent of the disease. Scheme of remedial measures developed directly by the otolaryngologist.
And normally, in the first place it aimed at the exclusion of causal factors that cause inflammation. In addition, for these patients provides for the imposition of restrictions on irritating the mucous products, including pickles, spicy food, too cold or hot dishes, drinks.
As the therapeutic influence of the local plan recommended rinsing with solutions containing antiseptics, conducting inhalation treatments with herbs, can be prescribed aerosols based on active components.
In many cases of acute pharyngitis (especially of bacterial origin) treatment is with antibiotics.
Recently, the popularity began to use techniques such as cryotherapy, laser, wave treatment and the use of unconventional methods using a variety of recipes based on medicinal plants and naturalcomponents.
Conclusion on the subject
To treat pharyngitis is necessary in any case and the sooner you start, the better.
This is due to the possibility of overflow of the acute form of the disease in chronic.
As a precautionary and preventive measures, allocate the hardening of the body, reorganization of the mouth and nose during epidemics, strengthening the immune system, elimination of metabolic processes in the body.