Causes, symptoms and treatment of subatrophic pharyngitis
In the off-season colds are not uncommon. One of the most common colds is subatrophic pharyngitis. The disease may manifest in various forms, so it is important to understand the causes of its occurrence and possible ways of treatment. Subatrophic pharyngitis is a form of chronic pharyngitis involving in inflammatory process of the mucous membranes of the throat. In advanced cases, strep throat becomes chronic stage develop into atrophy of the mucous tissues of the larynx.
Picture of the disease and its causes
Many experts believe subatrophic pharyngitis a very advanced stage of pathology. The disease is prolonged, with periods of exacerbations and remissions, it is very difficult to treat. In this disease the patient has viscous discharge of the pharynx, which, drying up and forming crusts, causing the person discomfort. As a result, the mucous membrane of the pharynx undergoes pathological changes, which ultimately ends up developing multiple sclerosis sheath of the throat, the mucus layer and glandular apparatus. Atrophied tissue is replaced by connective tissue fibers. At the same time significantly reduces the number of blood vessels and constricts capillaries. Due to the fact that the throat atrophy of nerve receptors, there is a sharp decrease in the intensity of swallowing reflexes. Accordingly, the function of the throat much broken. Therapy of this disease is difficult and requires a significant investment of time and effort.
Causes of subatrophic disease can be the next condition and circumstances:
- Smoking for an extended period of time (more than 5 years);
- living in ecologically unfavorable regions;
- permanent mouth breathing;
- unlimited use of vasoconstrictor drugs;
- abuse of spicy and acidic foods and alcohol;
- chronic diseases of the oral cavity;
- problems in the thyroid gland;
- diabetes mellitus;
- problems with the intestines.
Subatrophic pharyngitis resulting from the above reasons, can not be effectively treated without addressing the precipitating factors. In some cases of chronic pharyngitis is manifested as an independent disease, without the presence of infections in anamnesis. In this case, is called primary essential pharyngitis. The picture of the disease is very similar to the symptoms of degenerativelesions of the organs of digestion. In a patient with essential pharyngitis, is marked wasting of the digestive tract: gastritis, intestinal atony, reflux esophagitis. Some people are already born have a genetic predisposition to this disease.
Symptoms and diagnosis
The subatrophic pharyngitis symptoms manifest in varying degrees depending on the stage of the disease. Interestingly, patients in the early stages of the disease complain of unbearable pain in the throat, while people with chronic disease don't notice any discomfort or deterioration of General health. Therefore, despite the same causes that provoke the development of the disease, its symptoms can manifest in various ways. For subatrophic pathologies characterized by:
- dryness in the mucous membranes of the pharynx, which gives considerable discomfort and causes pain to the person;
- sore throat when swallowing and sore;
- difficulty swallowing food, especially solid;
- frequent desire to drink (thirst associated with unusual dryness in the throat);
- a sharp breath;
- the impossibility of a long and uninterrupted conversation.
Sometimes the diagnosis of subatrophic pharyngitis is made only for the symptoms described. Usually with this situation faced at the initial stage of the disease. This has its advantages. If symptoms are present, but the specialist does not find pronounced pathological changes in the mucosa of the pharynx, from the disease would be easy enough to get rid of in the shortest possible time.
Often you may experience the reverse pattern when the doctor notices a characteristic disease signs: change the color of the mucous membranes, islinenote and vulnerability of the tissues, the appearance of plaque on the tonsils and thick, viscous mucus. If a patient does not designate a large list of tests and diagnostic procedures, because the diagnosis can be made relying only on the symptoms and pattern of disease. According to some indications, the doctor may prescribe tests on the flora, the study of tissues epithelium on histology. But such measures are conducted only in exceptional cases.
Subatrophic inflammation treated long enough. Therapy courses should be performed at least 2 times a year. The sooner diagnosis and treatment is started, the greater the likelihood that treatment will be successful. A great influence on the productivity of therapy haveadditional measures to eliminate the causes of disease and negative factors for its occurrence. Without that full recovery will be impossible.
The treatment of the disease is aimed at reducing the manifestations of his symptoms, as well as to activate the glands of the mucous membranes and restore atrophied tissues.
All this helps to thin out stagnant mucus in the throat and relieve the breathing and swallowing processes. Before starting therapy, you must remove all formed scabs from the surface of the mucous membranes. They can prevent the penetration of existing drugs.
In order to get rid of crusts, conduct irrigation of the pharynx with a solution of sea water. The solutions were prepared independently or took similar drugs in pharmacies. Effectively rinsing the throat with soda water and mineral water. After rinsing the peel are eliminated mechanically using the gauze or cotton swab.
After cleansing the throat from the crust is effectively the holding of such events as:
- UFO, UHF, laser therapy and magnetotherapy. It will provide intensive blood flow to inflamed areas of the throat.
- The applied to the sore areas of the throat oil (eucalyptus and coconut oils, propolis, Chlorophyllin, gel Solkoseril).
- Gargling fermentoterapiya proteolytic means.
- Irrigation of the throat sprays (Phrase, or Miramistin, and Throat).
- Procaine blockade in combination with the introduction of the juice of Kalanchoe in the side portions of the walls of the throat.
- Periodic lubrication of the affected Vinylinum.
- Treatment of inflamed areas of the medicines based on ginseng.
- Inhalation with the use of mucolytic drugs (Travis, Mucosolvan, Ambrobene), biogenic stimulators, alkaline mineral water.
- Additionally, in the region of the pharynx have injections of vitamin B12, and in the nasal passages buried oil compositions (Sanorin or Cold).
In combination with drug therapy, it is important to subatrophy of the inflamed tissue. To do this, patients are encouraged to drink plenty of warm fluids in the form of herbal teas and fruit drinks. Along with this, no harm will receiving immunomodulators (Likopid, tincture of Echinacea, Imudon) and antiviral drugs (Anaferon, Arbidol, etc.).
Treatment with traditional medicine
The treatment of the disease may not only medical drugs.
Among folk remedies, especially popular in the treatment against subatrophic pharyngitis is a "mess". Her recipe is quite simple: 1 egg white mixed with oilrose hips and sea buckthorn (1 mg of each substance). The mixture was thoroughly vzbaltyvayut and applied to inflamed areas of the pharynx. Repeat the procedure 2 times a day for 30 days.
Another effective method of treatment of this type of pharyngitis is: in a glass of water diluted with 10 drops of eucalyptus, orange or peach oil. The composition of everyday inhalation for 10-15 minutes. If the throat is severely dry, this method will not work.
Folk remedies aimed at alleviate the disease. At this time, it is recommended to drink tea with mint and plantain, and sugar in drinks and food to replace the honey.