Symptoms, treatment and prevention of acute sinusitis
Acute sinusitis is a condition in which the maxillary sinuses occur inflammation. Often acute purulent sinusitis is a complication of common cold. Sinuses needs to be air. Under the influence of those or other reasons, the filling of the sinuses with liquid phlegm and mucus that creates a favorable environment for the development of harmful microorganisms, which cause infection.
Acute sinusitis is indicative of the rapid development of infection, which sometimes takes several days. Further, the spread of infection throughout the body.
The disease can be triggered by vasomotor rhinitis, associated with the curvature of the nasal septum, disorders of the immune system (due to poor diet and lack of the necessary vitamins as well as often acute infections, a treatment which is not brought to an end).
Symptoms of acute sinusitis
What are the symptoms of acute sinusitis? Distinguish local and General symptoms of acute sinusitis.
Local symptoms of the disease are presented:
- disorders of nasal breathing on the side where the affected sinus, or both sides;
- a dull, often throbbing pain, which can bother and as the affected area, and the entire nasal cavity, extending to the temporal region and part of the face and scalp;
- nasal discharge purulent or Muco-purulent character;
- disorders of smell in different degree.
During the head tilts forward there are severe pain and the appearance of sensations of gravity. Palpation of the walls of the maxillary sinus is also marked tenderness.
The projection area of the sinuses may be subjected to occurrence of swelling, which is evidence of possible complications of the disease.
Common symptoms of acute sinusitis excreted by the rise in body temperature to subfebrile, poor General health, loss of appetite and frequent headaches. The patient becomes irritable, lethargic and Moody.
Acute sinusitis can manifest in the frequent dizziness, drowsiness, fatigue, drop in performance and a permanent night coughing.
The patient may complain of alternating nostrils nasal congestion, increased pain during chewing, the appearance of the nasal voice, the appearance of discomfort in the ear area.
In some cases, sinusitis may be accompanied by tooth pain, the appearance of the characteristic odor from the mouth, sore throat, vomiting, and swallowing of saliva. Discharge fromthe nose may acquire a greenish or yellowish hue, which tells about the bacterial origin of the disease.
In more advanced cases there may be swelling under the eyes, eyelids and cheeks. The eyes become reddish, and the person may complain of heaviness and pain that occurs when attempts are made to shift gaze.
Diagnosis of acute sinusitis
If you suspect acute sinusitis is extremely important the timely diagnosis of the disease and treatment. Otherwise, the disease can become chronic, which is much more difficult to treat.
To determine the correct diagnosis the doctor examines the patient's complaints and examining the nasal cavity. In many cases assigned a number of studies, for example:
- diaphanoscopy in which translucent paranasal sinuses;
- x-ray examination;
- trial puncture, accompanied by further lavage of the maxillary sinuses.
Diaphanoscopy carried out through the use of light bulbs Goering, which is introduced into the oral cavity of the patient in the room without lighting. When the patient closes the lips, there is a transmission of both halves of the face a reddish color, having equal intensity. If there are some changes in the area of the maxillary sinuses, the affected side will be different dimming characteristic. The pupil left without a bright reddish hue.
According to the results of x-ray examination is able to assess the condition of the sinus. The affected area will be allocated in the pictures typical blackouts.
Often the above tests are sufficient to determine an accurate diagnosis. But in the case of the existence of doubt may need a trial puncture. During lavage of the maxillary sinus becomes possible to investigate the nature of purulent accumulations and to determine their nature.
For diagnosing acute sinusitis are also quite often use a CT scan, during which explore the paranasal sinuses. This method of research is also needed to prevent possible complications. Computed tomography is aimed at identifying the inflammatory process, swelling and degree of contamination.
Treatment of acute sinusitis
Often for getting rid of this disease used methods of conservative treatment, and that is enough.
Treatment method is aimed primarily at removing the symptoms in form of swelling in the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity and nasal congestion.
therapy for acute sinusitis" alt="Medicamentosa therapy for acute sinusitis">How to treat acute sinusitis? The patient is prescribed the medication includes antibiotics, antihistamines and antiseptics, special drops.
Antibiotics are credited only in more serious cases (if the patient is sick with bone fibrosis and has irregularities in the cardiovascular and immune systems). Before the use of antibiotics is necessary to exclude the possibility of allergic reactions to one or another component of the drug. To do this, hold the test reaction relative to the selected medication.
For the first 5 days of use of antibiotics there is a need for careful monitoring of the patient. If after this period the positive results (reduction of temperature) has not been marked, then used medication replace another medication. This situation indicates the development of habituation of the pathogen to the components of antibacterial agents.
Antihistamines are aimed at relieve swelling of the mucous membrane of the nasal cavity. Should be eliminated the Allergy symptoms.
Drug therapy also should include drugs that provoke vasoconstriction. Their action is aimed at getting rid of mucus. Therefore, the patient is prescribed a special aerosols and sprays, period of use which establishes only by a doctor.
In frequent cases, the patient is recommended enter antibacterial and antiseptic in the affected area by means of punctures. This method is often resorted to in acute bilateral maxillary sinusitis. This method is quite effective, because the patient feels significant relief and improvement in health.
The need for timely treatment of acute sinusitis due to the possibility of serious complications, is dangerous not only for the health of the patient, but for life. Launched acute sinusitis can cause infection of adjacent organs and prerequisites for the development of meningitis, pneumonia, sore throats.
Prevention of acute sinusitis
Most often, acute sinusitis is the result of flu and colds. Therefore, it is important to take responsibility for health and to avoid conditions that encourage the development of these diseases. In the case of illness should undergo a full treatment to full recovery.
Annual vaccinations also provide an opportunity to avoid a collision with respiratory diseases, but were not an absolute guarantee. Therefore, we should not forget about hand hygiene, as harmful microorganismsprovoking the flu and colds are transmitted when shaking hands and airborne droplets.
Prevention of acute sinusitis involves strengthening the immune system through proper nutrition, frequent exposure to fresh air and replenish the body with essential vitamins.