How to recognize and treat the stomach flu?
One of the acute viral diseases, rotavirus infection, or intestinal flu. It cause all kinds of bacteria and parasites, but most often it is the virus of a group of rotaviruses. They are introduced into the body, enter the gastrointestinal tract and begin to multiply, destroying the villi of the small intestine. In this regard, food is not properly digested in the intestine accumulates a large amount of water and salt solutions, which leads to severe diarrhoea and dehydration.
Often stomach flu occurs in autumn and winter, all the initial symptoms very similar to ordinary flu, hence the name. The incubation period of the disease can last from several hours to 2 days. The acute phase may progress to weeks and a full recovery will need about 5 days.
Why a disease occurs and how manifested?
The most common causes of this disease dirty hands, unwashed fruits and vegetables, in poor quality foods that are eaten. You can become infected from drinking contaminated water, especially water. The contamination can occur through airborne droplets. A sick person when talking, coughing or sneezing spreads the germs and infect others.
The infection is easily transmitted in public places such as kindergarten, school, University or shop. Enough to touch the items, which were sick, and the germs are easily transmitted to a healthy person. In life you can get when using a single dish. Intestinal virus is very resistant to low and high temperatures, to destroy it only concentrated disinfectant containing chlorine.
Signs of gastrointestinal flu appear quickly and sharply. At the initial stage of the disease is manifested by runny nose, slight pain in the throat, especially when swallowing. Also, the patient may be a little coughing and sneezing.
After a few hours of the initial symptoms disappear and the patient begins to feel abdominal pain, cramping and rumbling. Body temperature rises, the patient feels faint, vomits, may open vomiting. All this is happening against the background of strong indigestion. Copious liquid stool, with klinoobraznuju structure and pungent smell, can be repeated up to 10 times a day.
All these signs are very similar to the manifestation of other diseases, so it is advisable as soon as possible to seek the advice of a doctor to put the correctdiagnosis and prescribe treatment. Self-medication can cause dehydration and other complications of influenza.
Intestinal flu in adults and children can last up to 10 days. During this time, due to the weakness and reduced appetite of the patient can greatly to lose weight, may decrease the level of hemoglobin in the blood and blood pressure. Most often this disease can be infected with small children who are all pulling in the mouth, especially those who have a weak immune system. Throughout life, people can repeatedly get sick with intestinal flu, but each time it will flow easier and recovery is faster.
How to treat the disease?
If abdominal influenza occurs in small children, parents must ensure that they are not alone and choked on her own vomit. The pillow should be positioned so that it was raised slightly, the baby's head during sleep should be all the time turned sideways. You can feed it soup, cooked with water, liquid porridges and vegetable mashed potatoes. At the heavy form of flu in children are better treated in the hospital.
The treatment of the disease should be aimed to reduce the toxicity of the body. At the initial stage, you can dissolve 1 sachet Regidrona in a liter of boiled water and drink this solution every 30 minutes throughout the day. The patient must accept sorbents, for example, Smectite, Polisorb, or Activated carbon. For very severe diarrhoea with high fever, the doctor may prescribe Enteral or Furazolidone.
Still need to take medications that have digestive enzymes, for example Pancreatin, CREON, or Mezim Forte. After the acute form of the disease, it will be necessary to restore the microflora of the intestine, suitable drugs such as Bifiform, hilak Forte, Linex or. The dosage and course of treatment all the medicines the doctor prescribes individually in each case, depending on the condition.
During treatment should be strictly adhered to the diet, should be excluded from the diet all dairy and dairy products. The patient can prepare the chicken broth, rice or buckwheat porridge on the water. You should eat small portions, so as not to cause vomiting.
To prevent dehydration, preferably every day to drink up to 2 liters of fluid. It can be a tea or decoction of the berries of rose hips, raspberry or currant, but better suited to slightly salted water, in small portions during the day.
personal hygiene to prevent intestinal flu">flu Prevention first and foremost includes compliance with the elementary rules of personal hygiene. Be sure to wash hands with soap before eating and after using the toilet, especially public ones. If there is a patient, should be avoided contact with him.
If you have to care for such a patient, it is impossible to eat with him from one dish. It is necessary to monitor the cleanliness of all the things he enjoys, and for the hygiene of the patient. If you can isolate the patient at the time of illness is not possible, then in the room where it is located, should be daily to spend damp cleaning with use of disinfectants.
Special attention should be paid to cleanliness when cooking. Thoroughly wash all fresh vegetables, fruits and berries. You can not use substandard dairy products, you should drink water only purified or boiled. While swimming in a pool or pond, you can not swallow the water.
Any disease is better to prevent then to not suffer the exhausting symptoms that causes stomach flu.