The main symptoms and signs of swine flu
The swine flu, symptoms of which people are shown very acutely, is an extremely dangerous infectious disease. Until relatively recently, the influenza virus affecting pigs, not indulged or caused serious pandemics, but everything changed when there was a slight mutation allowing it to infect not only cattle but also humans.
The swine flu virus, which affects humans, is highly pathogenic and easily transmitted from person to person. Swine flu virus also known as California, as it was in the area was diagnosed the first outbreak of the disease. It is believed that the warm climate of California contributed to the emergence of a new strain of virus with lightning speed, spread throughout the world. In medical practice strain a new influenza virus appears under the type H1N1.
Description of the development of swine flu
Swine flu is an acute respiratory illness that is triggered by a specific virus that is transmitted through the air or by contact. The swine flu virus has a high ability to mutate, so it allows him to spread not only among domestic and wild pigs, and other mammals. The first large outbreak caused by the H1N1 virus were recorded in 2009 and then in 2012. The first pandemic outbreak of swine creep in California, which occurred in 2009, the disease killed more than 17 thousand people. Recently, a small outbreak of swine flu in people are captured almost everywhere every year. After it was discovered a new strain of the virus, work began to study this disease.
The swine flu that only affected pigs, was opened in 1930, but as it suffered only cattle, scientists have not performed careful research.
The process of mutation, which has started this kind of influenza virus that made him extremely dangerous to humans.
Given that the mutation potential of the virus has not been exhausted, from time to time there are new subtypes. Constant mutation of the swine flu virus leads to the fact that scientists the world's leading medical centers are unable to develop an effective vaccine or drug. At risk of swine flu include:
- people with chronic respiratory system disease;
- pregnant women;
- people suffering from obesity;
- children up to 2 years;
- those who work in crowded places;
- the people working atpig farms.
An infected person can transmit the virus to others already in 2 days. After about 5-7 days in the respiratory tract has the highest concentration of the virus, so in this period, patients are the most infectious.
Symptomatic manifestations of swine flu
In adults the causes of high mortality are in neglect of their health. Many people when first signs of swine flu do not pay attention to them, so go to the doctor when the condition becomes much worse. The symptoms of swine flu are first similar to those of other common colds and do not give a right to understand how serious is the disease . In different patients this type of flu can occur in moderate and severe form. In the moderate form of the disease, patients show:
- a sharp increase in body temperature to 40°C;
- signs of General intoxication;
- strong weakness;
- pain in the joints;
- pain in the muscles;
- the strongest chills;
- runny nose, sore throat;
- loss of appetite;
- chest pain.
Severe form of the current swine flu is characterized by the appearance of life-threatening symptoms. One of these dangerous complications is a progressive syndrome of segmental lung lesions, accompanied by acute heart failure. When hypertoxic form of flow of swine flu in humans possible a rapid swelling of the lungs. In severe form of the current swine flu to the existing signs of the disease may be connected encephalopathy that say about the toxic and viral lesions of the brain. Symptoms indicating lesions of the brain include seizures, psychotic States and hallucinations.
Perhaps the development of vascular disorders, for example, abundant epistaxis. In some cases, the development of the swine flu leads to profuse vomiting and diarrhea, which cause dehydration in the shortest possible time and impair human health. Symptoms indicating the development of severe complications of swine flu include:
- cyanosis of the skin;
- severe shortness of breath even at rest;
- low blood pressure;
- long-term preservation of the major symptoms specific to influenza.
In the absence of directed medical treatment of swine flu quickly affects all systems of the body that can becomethe cause of severe intoxication, the appearance of complications and rapid death of the patient, so it is very important when the first symptoms of a cold to go to the doctor for advice, especially if signs of the disease manifests in the child, since children symptoms growing much faster.
Methods of treatment of swine flu
If you suspect the development of swine flu should not self-medicate, because the wrong therapy can lead to rapid death of the patient. For the detection of human swine influenza requires a comprehensive diagnosis. Great importance in the diagnosis plays a medical history and the presence of cases of contact with others infected with the disease, or stay in an area where there were cases of morbidity. Among other things, help to establish the diagnosis can study PCR on samples taken from the mucus, which allows to detect RNA of influenza virus of subtype A. the Seeding of mucus from the nasopharynx and sputum virus also makes it faster to establish the correct diagnosis.
After diagnosis and assessment of the condition of the patient the physician decides on the need of hospitalization. As a rule, treatment in a hospital environment shows children, pregnant women and people with high risk of development of pulmonary edema and other complications. Given that currently there is no developed drugs to pursue the directed treatment of swine flu, the main treatment requires combinations of antiviral drugs and means aimed at eliminating the symptomatic manifestations, including is used:
- interferons alpha;
Among other things, requires the use of the cure for the runny nose and signs of swine flu, symptoms of which can cause complications. In severe cases, it can be shown infusion therapy, tools for stabilization of work of cardiovascular system, corticosteroids, bronchodilators, and muscle relaxants. A very important point in the treatment of swine flu is proper care of patients. Patients should strictly adhere to the bed rest. To eliminate the signs of dehydration and improve the discharge of mucus from the bronchi are shown plentiful drink, for example, hot tea with honey. Positively affects patients receiving cranberry juice and alkaline mineral waters. Also people suffering from swine flu, you should stick to a sparing diet and give up alcohol and Smoking.
Prevention of swine flu and the use of traditionalfunds
Folk remedies can not be used as primary therapy for such a dangerous disease like swine flu, but they may help the person to strengthen the immune system and to quickly cope with the disease. To maintain the body we recommend drinking freshly squeezed fruit juices with a high content of vitamin C. it Well help to eliminate the symptoms, tincture of schisandra, radiograms and ginseng. Can be used in the fight against swine flu decoctions used for colds, including rosehip, Linden and mint.
During the swine flu epidemic can be added to food fresh garlic which has strong antibacterial activity. As a rule, a man leading a healthy lifestyle, less chance of infection with swine flu, so you should adhere to certain rules that allow you to avoid the disease. First and foremost, prevention should be the period of greatest risk of infection to avoid visiting crowded places.
Regular exercise can accelerate the metabolism and strengthen the immune system, so it's important from time to time to visit the gym and perform at least a minimal set of exercises as morning workout. The procedure of conditioning a positive effect on the immune system, and should be used in the prevention of colds. Proper nutrition significantly reduces the risk of swine flu infection, so you should include in the diet plenty of vegetables, fruits and dairy products. Comprehensive prevention enables you to prevent the swine flu and reduce the risk of complications if infection is not managed.