Possible complications in the kidneys after influenza
A kidney complication after the flu is not very common, but the severity of the resulting health problems does not allow to treat lightly.
Who is more prone to complications postgrippoznyh
A prodromal period of flu is not very different from that arising from any cold. Appears and increases rapidly malaise, nasal congestion, headache. Weakness can be very significant. The temperature rises from low-grade to high, hard stoped. Some complain of a feeling of "aches" in the body, muscle pain.
If the person has good immunity, good health until the flu if he has no chronic diseases and that luck is on his side, he will get a maximum of a week-long fever, nasal congestion, headache and other symptoms of General inflammation. A few days after recovery may remain weakness, feeling of weakness, discomfort in the lumbar region, which are themselves and are not considered complications.
The outcome of this flu is often, but not always. This disease is not only itself can get very hard, but extremely dangerous for its complications.
Representatives of some social categories have a higher predisposition to complications of the flu. These include young children, people with serious underlying medical conditions, pregnant women, the elderly.
In any case, no one should underestimate the seriousness of the disease, which can cause life-threatening complications in almost all important systems in the body.
First, it poses the risk of infection is secondary infection. Given mandatory flu a pronounced inflammatory state of the mucosa of the nasopharynx and upper respiratory tract suffers from the local immunity. This increases the probability of a new infection.
Second, the toxins of influenza, once in the blood, spread throughout the body in a short time. And here everything depends on immunity and previous illness the General condition of internal organs. To imagine the speed with which poisonous allocation made to the renal tissue, it is enough to note that through the body is filtered about 20% of the blood of the body during the period of one heartbeat.
When complications manifested symptoms will be specific to each particular secondary pathogen. However, a common feature is the emergence of a second wave after febrilea relative weakening of the first. It is observed 3-7 days of illness.
It is possible exacerbation of chronic, long-term current and undertreated diseases.
Came renal symptoms
If without any reason there was a nagging or pulling pain in the lumbar region or lower abdomen, as if sore kidneys, there was a small swelling in wrists and ankles, and after sleep has slight swelling on the eyelid, which was not earlier, these symptoms should not be ignored. They point to the complications of flu in the urinary system.
Often joins jade (inflammation of the parenchyma of the kidney). Can worsen or first appear the inflammation of the bladder (cystitis), prostate (prostatitis). And these disease, being primary, can easily lead to the further development of nephritis.
What to do in this case? For starters, recognize that it's not just something pulled or pricked in the side" and that is a manifestation of potentially very serious diseases. Be sure to go on a kidney sparing diet. Useful popular recipes kidney teas and decoctions. Would be indicative of the General analysis of urine. It will assess the presence of inflammation and will help with proper therapy.
The pain may be not just pulling, and sharp, intense and colicky in the lower back and abdomen. It can be accompanied by painful urination in small portions. And the condition will be feverish, with chills.
In this case, it is permissible to take a warm bath, drink antispasmodics (no-Spa, Allergy, etc.). If the pain does not pass within a few hours, you should not delay with the visit to the doctor. Perhaps it is not only a complication of influenza, but also the movement of kidney stones, which previously you were unaware. This means that will be assigned to a fundamentally different treatment.
If the pain was stopped in a planned manner is to go to the doctor and at least do an ultrasound to exclude urolithiasis.
If the condition worsens, the temperature is high, the urine is turbid, the pain is intense and persists, it can be assumed formidable complication of acute pyelonephritis. In this patient can also occur under the eyes are expressed the morning the swelling, nausea and not want to eat anything.
In this case, you need to immediately call a doctor and go to a serious treatment with obligatory use of antibiotics, anti-inflammatory and detoxification therapy.
To provoke pyelonephritis can and hypothermia, and join a secondarybacterial flora, which proved to be isotropic to the kidney tissue and pelvis.
Acute pyelonephritis is an infectious inflammatory disease of the renal parenchyma and its excretory system. It can easily become chronic in the absence of proper treatment. The latter is a creeping disease that can occur primarily, bypassing the acute stage. Its consequence become sclerotic changes of renal parenchyma, hypertension and renal failure. Acute pyelonephritis in 30% of cases has a purulent form.
The disease is severe, has its life-threatening complications. It leads to the formation of kidney purulent lesions that are accompanied by severe condition that requires surgical treatment.
A complication of the flu on the kidneys can be high blood pressure. This provokes the accession of inflammation of the adrenal glands. The fact that the blood pressure are responsible, in particular, secreted by the kidney renin and the adrenal hormone aldosterone. Disruption of these bodies leads to imbalance of the respective hormones.
Arterial pressure jumps to high values are often the result of running the flow postgrippoznyh of the pathological process in the kidneys.
Other complications of the urinary system
Cystitis, inflammation of the bladder, is another disease of the urinary system, which is a fairly common complication of the flu. It is manifested by unpleasant sensations of discomfort and cramps in the abdomen and groin, worse when urinating, frequent urge to the toilet, urination in small portions. Infection in the absence of timely and proper treatment can upward path to get directly to the kidneys.
Possible accession to the flu orchitis - inflammation of testicles. It is manifested by severe pain in the scrotum with its increase in size and inflammation. The process involved all shell eggs. The disease develops quickly. With proper and timely treatment of the disease is in a couple weeks. In the absence of such pathology can lead to suppurative complications of the testicles, their atrophic changes. Time untreated orchitis can also cause nephritis.
Complications of influenza is able to affect cardiac activity. Statistical studies have shown that about 15% postgrippoznyh complications have on the heart. Patients may note pain or discomfort in the left side of the chest, arrhythmiasheartbeat, the appearance before the absence of dyspnea at exertion, swelling in the legs, which, in contrast to the kidney, appear in the evening. Myocarditis, which is caused by influenza, in the absence of timely treatment may be very long.
Common disease is postgrippoznyh pneumonia. It can be a consequence of direct action of the virus on the lungs, and secondary bacterial infection. Especially hard treated viral pneumonia.
Complications of the nervous system and brain are manifested by arachnoiditis, encephalitis.
Radiculitis, polyneuritis, Guillain-barré syndrome are neurological and muscular complications.
Timely prevention and treatment of influenza, attention to their health and immediate action against the development of chronic diseases will significantly reduce the possibility postgrippoznyh complications.