The symptoms and treatment of diarrhea with flu
Diarrhea the flu is a common symptom that indicates infection of the gastrointestinal tract. Different disease called intestinal flu. In addition, it is possible to observe temperature, weakness and dehydration. For children, this symptom may cause irreparable harm. But adults should not leave it without attention if they are having a symptom of the disease. Here need treatment, not addressing the problem.
Overview of intestinal flu
Stomach flu is an infectious disease, which in medicine is called gastroenteritis. This disease belongs to the group of rotaviruses. The infection gets to the gastrointestinal tract and multiplies there. Most often this disease affects children. They have the period of illness is harder than in adults. The symptoms are very well pronounced, and in adults, it can occur without symptoms in a latent form, but the person continues to be a carrier of the pathogen. This disease takes place for 5-7 days, then must pass at least a week that the patient finally recovered and ceased to be a carrier of this disease.
The virus gets inside of a person through the mucous membrane. From which the virus entered the human body, will depend on its further development and course. It is important which the immune system in humans. She can fight the virus and to give up and wait until people will start to fight for their health. The incubation period lasts 16 hours, and can continue for five days. The most common means of infection in the body is food. That is, low-quality dairy products, spoiled meat, unwashed vegetables and fruits - all of which can lead to such a disease as intestinal influenza. This also includes unwashed hands, non-boiled tap water, swimming in various bodies of water, lakes, rivers and so on.
The second method of infection is by airborne droplets. When a person speaks loudly, sneezes or coughs, the germs can be spread in the air. There is still a contact-household method. The infection can get into the human body in places with a large crowd of people. Kindergartens, offices, transport, shops, public toilets.
The causative agent of intestinal flu is very tenacious, and not so easy to destroy, especially the ordinary detergents. He can die only at the lowest temperature or high (not below 60 degrees). And waterthis temperature is not flowing in the normal faucet. Therefore, it is recommended to destroy this stomach virus using a concentrated chlorine sanitizer.
Rotavirus can be determined after half an hour after he got in the human body. He will be in the cells of the small intestine. When the virus attacks the intestines, then immediately destroyed the structure of the mucous membrane. Instantly disrupted production of digestive enzymes, which, in turn, responsible for the fact that break down complex sugars. Consequently, these carbohydrates accumulate in the gut, begin to slowly pull all the fluid in the body thereto and thereby causes diarrhea and watery diarrhea.
The symptoms of intestinal flu
When this disease begins to suffer your child, then you should immediately call a pediatrician, who will decide whether hospitalization or the baby can be treated at home.
Often this disease occurs in children during the first years of life and has the following symptoms:
- the growing malaise;
- the temperature of 38 degrees and above;
- pain in the abdomen;
- liquid stools without blood, possible the acid odor;
- you may receive a cough, headache, runny nose.
Very often these symptoms are mistaken for a banal poisoning. For example, when there is diarrhea, the parents give the child a drug that eliminates this symptom and do not even think that they just have it masked, not cured. When a child has diarrhea, it means that his body tries to get rid of the infection, bringing it in different ways. And when you give the drug, the infection does not disappear, it just starts to build up inside the child that can only exacerbate the situation.
If parents notice that vomiting a child has had no more than 5 times a day, and chair - up to 10 times, the child can leave on the treatment at home. It is important to remember that it all starts as a normal flu. That is, first, parents may notice that the child is coughing and sneezing, got a sore throat. These symptoms pass fairly quickly. This is what distinguishes the stomach flu from any other gastro-intestinal diseases. This disease begins with indigestion. The main thing - not to miss these fleeting catarrhal phenomena.
As for the diarrhea, he may be grey-yellow, slightly klinoobraznyj, but without the slime.
These symptoms can indicate other disease, such as cholera, food poisoning, salmonellosis and many others. And just to be sure that it's the stomach flu, you should immediately consult a doctor. Adults withdisease rotavirus also have the same symptoms as children but transfer is easier and faster. For them, the incubation period lasts only a few days.
The treatment of gastrointestinal flu
Common treatment stomach flu yet. The doctor begins to treat the patient and assigns those drugs that will help remove toxicity, to establish fluid and electrolyte balance, disturbed by this flu. This treatment aims to reduce the negative impact of the virus on the human body. Drugs do not let the fact that the body was completely dehydrated, eliminate toxins and restore the cardiovascular and urinary system.
In such cases, the expert assigns the first such drug, as Regidron. It needs to be dissolved in boiled water and drink 1 sachet every half hour. If you do not have this bag, you can use a popular method. This chamomile decoction and decoction of the dried apricots (you can substitute carrots or raisins). Add sugar, salt and soda and drink every half hour. To compensate for water balance, you need to drink the liquid, but not immediately drink a glass or jug of water, and little but often. If a person drinks a lot of water, it will cause another bout of vomiting.
Adults have to drink a decoction or a solution immediately after vomiting or diarrhea. If the child often vomits and he constantly goes to the toilet, then he needs urgent hospitalization. Often prescribe this drug as Smectite. It coats the intestines of humans and tries to reduce irritable process in the body. This list must be added more Activated carbon, Enterosgel and many other similar medicines. If in this disease there is a very high fever, doctors prescribe medications that stop the rapid flow of diarrhea.
Necessarily a person must comply with a very strict diet. After an adult or a child undergoing treatment, he was prescribed a drugs that restore the microflora of the intestine. These drugs much: it lineks, hilak Forte, and so on.
Complications of this disease can also be. According to statistics, only 2% of the population could die from this disease. But for those who have very weak immune system and not just go to a doctor.
If an adult became ill with a stomach flu in childhood, the doctors give little chances that the virus will return.
Prevention of disease
You need to know about the prevention of this disease, whichwill help to avoid it. You need to constantly wash your hands, especially before eating. Not contact with people who are sick at the moment. Buying is the only tested and high-quality products, especially dairy products (including the need to check the expiration date). To wash vegetables and fruits, buy purified water and boil it.
If you perform these simple rules every day and teach this whole family, you can never come across such a disease as intestinal influenza. The most important thing is to take care of your health and the health of their loved ones.