Disease laryngitis what is its symptoms and treatment
Diagnosis laryngitis what is it? And symptoms and methods of treatment proposed for consideration in this work. First of all, those who are not yet faced with this disease should understand that laryngitis is a process of an inflammatory nature in the region of the larynx, caused by colds or infectious diseases. For example, laryngitis can be triggered by measles, whooping cough or scarlet fever. Aggravate laryngitis causes all of the following: sudden hypothermia, inhalation mouth of icy air, Smoking, excessive load of the larynx.
Why a person is sick?
Reasons develops laryngitis in adults may be exceeding the allowable loads on the vocal cords or in contact with acidic contents from the stomach into the throat the result of reflux disease of the digestive tract.
In addition, through the walls of the larynx penetrates a certain amount of inflammatory fluid, which further provokes the cough. However, due to the inflammatory processes appear dry and sore throat, up to the aching pain. Naturally, this inflammation is often accompanied by difficulty swallowing, and General signs of intoxication: headache and muscle pain, weakness, increased body temperature, etc.
Symptoms of the disease in children
In children, laryngitis may lead to clogging of the larynx, as its diameter is not too large, and severe inflammation can disrupt the respiratory function. It is expressed in the form of a noisy rapid breathing, barking cough, and in severe cases, the lack of oxygen. In this case, it is necessary to call an ambulance to transport the child to the hospital. In children, the complications of laryngitis can manifest in the form of false croup or additional diseases of the respiratory system in connection with the spread of infection - bronchitis or pneumonia.
The most dangerous form for children is considered to be a constrictive form of laryngitis, which is also called croup syndrome. More likely inclined to him children, suffering from allergic diathesis. In the age period up to four years, it is often severe. Constrictive laryngitis occurs mainly at night, and its severity depends on which of the four degrees of stenosis has occurred in a particular case. For the first degree is not too pronounced obstruction of the respiratory process, rare seizures, the presence of noisy breathing, hoarseness and cough, but respiratory failure was not observed.
Signs of chronic laryngitis can be considered the name of thisthe voice, whipped his fatigue, feeling of sore throat and as a result, the constant cough. During exacerbations of these symptoms will appear brighter.
Stenosis the second characteristic of restless behavior of the child, the more severe coughing spells and difficulty breathing with visible retraction of all pliable places of a thorax. Respiratory distress is moderate.
Stenosis of the third degree difficulty breathing expressed is significant, and not periods, but constantly. These symptoms are accompanied by sweating, throwing the child in bed, and other symptoms of cardiovascular disease. Respiratory failure is indicated quite strongly, and following its step - asphyxia - occurs when stenosis of the fourth degree. In this case, are to undergo intubation or tracheotomy to save the child's life.
Apart from the already mentioned stenosing laryngitis, children under five years old are often diagnosed with subglottic laryngitis, or false croup. At the same time, inflammation affects to a greater extent subglottic space, which due to its structure (high content of friable tissue) at an early age, easy swells, especially in the supine position.
For the most part, laryngitis can be regarded as a fleeting illness, and it lasts not more than fourteen days, but the possible transition of the disease into a chronic form, and then the recovery may be delayed for a longer period. Laryngitis is expressed outwardly by redness and swelling of the mucous membrane of the larynx with the vocal cords that affects primarily the voice, hoarseness and lowering of the tone at first, but with the worsening of the disease and is losing the ability to speak.
What you need to know about the disease?
The second name of the disease - the "false croup" - allows you to guess a certain similarity of the disease with the true croup, ie, diphtheria of the larynx. But unlike the last false croup is paroxysmal in nature, depending on the time of day.
Thus in the daytime the child may feel bad, but at night have trouble breathing. However, the main symptom, which is easy to distinguish false croup is the absence of voice changes. Unlike diphtheria with subglottic laryngitis the voice is not hoarse.
At the same time many parents, the question arises whether it is possible to walk with your child with this diagnosis? Experts say that strict bed rest is shown only at elevated temperature, headache, and other symptoms of a pronounced breathing difficulties. If suchphenomena are observed, especially no contraindications. On the other hand should take care of the ligaments, and not to load the voice. And the additional humidification of the air in the room is able to reduce bouts of illness.
Similarly, appears subglottic laryngitis, which is often seen in children under five years of age and is characterized by severe cough with whistling sounds in the chest. Coughing spells can last for more than an hour. After a bout of shortness of breath appears long, which is understandable. A distinctive feature of this disease is the fact that the inflammation affects the surrounding trachea.
The main types of laryngitis
There are other types of laryngitis related more to chronic course of the disease. So, for example, atrophic laryngitis, which refers to the rather difficult-to-treat form of chronic disease. The disease is accompanied by unpleasant sensations of dryness in the throat and larynx problems with voice, including extreme thinning of the vocal cords when they are no longer able to close properly, resulting in comes the loss of voice. In addition, there is accumulation of viscous secretion in the lumen of the larynx, which not only provokes the cough, and forms a crust, difficult breathing.
In addition to atrophic chronic diseases among this direction known fungal laryngitis, triggered by a yeast candida. This disease is accompanied by long-lasting change in voice, followed by the appearance of painful sensations in the region of the larynx. Most often the disease affects the male population. The course of the disease allows you to suspect a tumor of the larynx, which is removed after the holding of the mycotic research.
Separately you need to specify the form of phlegmonous laryngitis, which can develop both in adults and in children against the background of low immunity as a result of injury or serious infectious disease. Most often it is caused by damage to the Streptococcus, Staphylococcus or the pneumococcus is one of the forms of complications after scarlet fever or measles. For this variety of laryngitis is characterized by loss of the muscular layer of the larynx, ligaments, perichondrium, etc. ill recorded a high body temperature, severe pain on swallowing, inflammation of the lymph nodes.
Other forms of laryngitis separately noted purulent, which is preceded by phlegmonous laryngitis. It is characterized by sharp pain when swallowing, and impaired breathing rhythm. Initially dry cough eventually becomes the expectoration of mucus, andwith further development of the disease, the discharge becomes purulent. This form of laryngitis is found not too often.
But nodular laryngitis is more of an occupational disease in persons who, because of the workload often overtax the voice, and, as a consequence, altered tissue located in the vicinity of the vocal folds.
Also effective saline solution, where one liter of water add three tablespoons of sea salt, baking soda and a few drops of iodine. It is very important that the temperature of air at inhalation is not burned my sensitive inflamed mucosa of the larynx.
In the case of severe swelling of the throat is recommended the use of hot foot baths, which allows you to delay the flow of blood towards the lower limbs and thus facilitate the throat condition.
Prevention and treatment of laryngitis
If you have any of these forms of laryngitis, you must make the appropriate treatment. Along the way, it is recommended to reduce the load on the vocal cords, at least for a week. Is assigned to the following diet:
- the exception spicy food, irritating the mucous membrane of the throat;
- the complete absence of tobacco and alcohol;
- the maximum increase in the number of warm drink.
For children these measures are accompanied by medical treatment of laryngitis:
- To treat this disease can antihistamines taken at night, and reduce swelling of the mucous in varying degrees.
- Often prescribed antitussives or drugs that enhance the effect of the expectoration. For children should use the dosage is discounted for the age of the patient.
- Practice shows the efficiency of the aerosol application, inhalation, tablets for sucking, etc. When using, should pay attention to the indications of use for age, as some of these funds can only be used upon reaching 5 years of age. It is not recommended to use sprays and inhalations with essential oils that are prone to allergic reactions because they can aggravate the situation.
In the hospital, your doctor may prescribe sessions ultraviolet irradiation, electrophoresis, or microwave therapy. In addition, a good result given the compresses on the neck and mustard plasters.
As solutions for inhalation use tinctures of calendula, peppermint, pine buds, chamomile or sage.
However, as the primary prevention of laryngitis should ensure that the throat had not experienced high loads and didn't get too cold. It is better to maintain a high level of immunity by vitamins and tempered as laryngitis often occurs on the background of viralinfections.