The main cure for laryngitis and pharyngitis
Cure for laryngitis and pharyngitis include a whole range of medical drugs that help to cope with the infection and inflammation of the larynx, bronchi, lungs, and nasal mucosa. Moreover, the antibiotics the doctor prescribes only when the disease has developed due to the growth in the number of harmful bacteria in these areas of the body.
As for the treatment of laryngitis and pharyngitis, during the week it is not recommended to talk is also important to rest the body. Requires the use of antibiotics depending on the severity of the disease. You can use mucolytics, which help remove phlegm and mucus. In addition, the doctor may prescribe medications that will help relieve puffiness. The use of antimicrobial spray, so that the bacteria does not spread to other organs. You can apply physical therapy, soar feet, to do warm compresses on the throat and inhalation. Will be useful to rinse with chamomile and sage, and a tea with licorice root and other herbs for best performance, bronchi and lungs.
What medications should I use?
In first place among the drugs of this type are drugs based on penicillin. If a natural substance will remain ineffective, then you can go for a medication containing penicillin semi-synthetic nature.
Adult patients can apply the treatment of kidney It's an aerosol, which has a local effect. To use this tool you need at least a week. In the treatment of children use it is prohibited, as can be laringospazma.
You can use Biseptol. This drug does not belong to the group of antibiotics, but it produces a bactericidal effect.
To eliminate phlegm prescribe Ambroxol, Bromhexine or Solvin. Viscous mucus must be removed. For this purpose, drugs expectorant actions such as Tussin, mukaltin or pertussin.
If sputum is still there, then the bronchitis started to develop. But the patient will torment another problem – dry cough. To get rid of it, needed cold preparations. They can protect the bronchial tubes from infection. Dry throat well eliminates the mixture of warm milk and mineral water.
The attending physician must perform the instillation is the process by which a mixture of hydrocortisone and an antibiotic is applied to the larynx. Doctors often prescribe steam inhalation and warm compresses. The most effective among them are those that are produced with a mixture of antibiotic in aerosol form. To antibiotics is not strongly influencedon the intestine, the doctor prescribes preparations containing beneficial bacteria.
In children the larynx is characterized by a large number of closely spaced blood vessels, so inflammation in this area are extremely difficult and might lead to swelling, which can block the airway. That is why it is very important to consult a doctor. Antibiotics children are assigned in an extreme case, because they are dangerous to children's weakened body.
When to use antibiotics?
Antibiotics can help the patient only in the case when the cause of pharyngitis or laryngitis steel bacteria. For a start, conducted bacteriological analysis, which is taken from a throat swab. Further identifies bacteria that have become pathogens, and their reaction to certain types of antibiotics.
However, most often to treat these illnesses as quickly as possible, antibiotics are prescribed from doctors. This is due to the fact that the infection can go very quickly to other organs if not curbed in time, and the results of the analysis will have to wait up to two weeks. Moreover, not every hospital has a lab that allows this kind of analysis.
So the doctor prescribes antibiotics depending on the overall clinical picture of the patient. If he's in the background of the normal symptoms there is fever and purulent discharge, then in addition to bacterial infections in the body start to develop and go viral.
The types of antibiotics that are used in laryngitis and pharyngitis
All of the antibiotics required to treat laryngitis and pharyngitis can be divided into three groups.
The first one includes the medications that contain penicillin. Among these drugs often use Augmentin, ampicillin, Amoxiclav.
The second group of drugs belongs to cephalosporins. Among them you can find axetil, Ceftriaxone and so on.
Drugs of the third subgroup belong to the category of macrolides. Most often the attending physician assigns Sumamed or clarithromycin.
The use of antibiotics is along with hydrocortisone solution. Before to prescribe drugs, it is necessary to find out whether the patient has an allergic reaction to them. In addition, the set of drugs depends on what is the cause of the disease, the stage of the disease.
Ampicillin in the treatment of pharyngitis and laryngitis
This drug is based on a semisynthetic penicillin. Its action is directed against microbes. Use the drug can be from a week to 3 weeks. To use need forhalf an hour before meals or after meals in 2 hours. Over time, you can take no more than 0.5 g. the Period between taking the medicine 5 hours. In General, the human body is easy enough to tolerate the drug without side effects. In some cases, you may experience nausea and belching. When the negative effect on the bowel, or allergic reactions to the drug is possible dysbiosis and rash. With increased negative reactions to penicillin, it is necessary to abandon the drug. Contraindications: kidney disease, liver, asthma and allergies.
Ceftriaxone in the treatment of pharyngitis and laryngitis
This drug has a pronounced bactericidal action. Available in the form of white powder for intramuscular and intravenous injections. The solution is necessary only svezheskachanny. Ceftriaxone may interact with sterile water for injection. For intramuscular injection the following proportions: 0.5 g of Ceftriaxone in 2 ml of water. For intravenous use 0.5 g was mixed with 5 ml of water. In order to avoid pain when injecting the drug, you can enter a one percent solution of lidocaine.
Among the side effects of isolated nausea, dizziness, diarrhea, colitis, skin rash, nephritis and so on.
In General, contraindications are only for pregnant women and during lactation, as well as for people with allergic reaction. Long-term use may change the composition of the blood. With other drugs of bactericidal action is not working.
Clarithromycin in the treatment of pharyngitis and laryngitis
The drug belongs to the group of macrolides, is a semi-synthetic antibiotic. Has a bactericidal action.
Adult patients per day need to take 2 times of 0.25-1 g. For children up to 12 years, the dose is reduced to 15 mg for two doses. The period of use is prescribed by a doctor. If the patient has problems with the kidneys, the dose should be reduced by half. During pregnancy and lactation is forbidden to use.
Among the side effects discovered retching and nausea, dizziness, problems with gastrointestinal tract and liver, change in taste, rash and itching, insomnia, panic.
Laryngitis and strep throat – serious illness that have similar symptoms, and General treatment. At the first sign of the disease it is better to consult a doctor for medical help, because he can pick up the necessary medicines.