The symptoms and treatment of allergic rhinitis
What is rhinitis, symptoms of allergic rhinitis, what causes it - these issues are of concern to many patients. One of the most common diseases, which have to meet people is allergic rhinitis. With this disease, hundreds of people come on reception to the allergist. That's why it is necessary to get acquainted closer with this problem, to study its symptoms, causes, and symptoms of education.
The disease is an inflammatory process affecting the mucous membranes of the nose, which occurs due to allergic reactions.
You can highlight typical symptoms of allergic rhinitis, namely:
- the secretion watery secretion;
- difficulty breathing through the nose;
- itching inside the nose.
If you believe medical statistics, every fifth resident of the Russian Federation suffer from this disease.
The causes of this disease
How to determine the causes of the disease? The main reason for the development of allergic rhinitis is of immediate hypersensitivity, i.e., allergic reaction. Under allergic reaction should mean allergic processes of the immediate type, symptoms which develops in seconds. After the interaction of a person with possible allergens, rhinitis is manifested through 20 minutes. I would like to note that allergic rhinitis and asthma are major allergic diseases.
Possible allergens include:
- Any dust - it can be a home, library, computer.
- Mites that live in house dust.
- Plant pollen.
- Yeast or fungi.
Also plays the role and genetic predisposition of the patient.
What are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis? The most common signs and symptoms of the disease are:
- First, a watery discharge from the nose. In the case of accession of secondary infection, there is a transformation in their frequent sneezing.
- Secondly, difficult nasal breathing, particularly at night the nose is strongly laid.
- Thirdly, there is a strong itching in the nose.
When there is an exacerbation of the disease, the appearance of the patient is quite typical for this problem. He had a stuffy nose,therefore, the breathing exercises of the mouth, face swelling is present, the eyes become red, there is abundant watery eyes, and under eye circles appear. Quite often you can see how people who suffer from allergic rhinitis, constantly rubbing the tip of the nose. Basically, the first time such a disease occurs in childhood or adolescence. It is noteworthy that this early manifestation of allergic rhinitis occurs in those people who have family relatives suffer from various manifestations of allergic diseases.
Allergic rhinitis according to the nature of the disease is divided into light, medium and heavy.
During the development of lung rhinitis, the disease does not prevent the patient to sleep and reduces its efficiency. In the period of the average degree, the patient is a reduction in sleep and daytime performance. But when the patient is diagnosed with a severe degree of the disease, then there is sleep disturbance, and performance is minimized. The degree of symptoms emit year-round and seasonal allergies. Mostly seasonal rhinitis caused due to pollen and mold spores. When a patient visits a doctor, usually indicates the cause of allergic reactions. That is, allergic rhinitis can occur due to cleaning of the flat, with close contact with animals, going on nature or at a constant pastime in the dusty environment.
Diagnosis of the disease
If you have allergic rhinitis, diagnosis is performed in the clinic using a special device. This procedure is painless and helps the technician to check the readings. The doctor can use inspection to detect such problems as:
- redness and swelling of the eyes;
- flared nostrils;
- the presence in the nose and the nasal turbinates polyps;
- the presence of fluid behind the eardrum;
- skin rashes;
- shortness of breath.
Conduct a skin Allergy test. This trial is the safest. This test to determine allergies do not hold children up to three years. It is worth noting, if you need to do such a trial, antihistamines should not be taken for 72 hours prior to the procedure.
Sometimes is a nasal swab, the doctor with the help of special sticks will take a sample and give it to the laboratory for testing. Quite often this analysis can show the cause of allergic reactions.
The treatment of the disease
The principle of treatment is that the patient must avoid the offending allergens, use of medical drugs. Sometimes it helps to immunotherapy. The day to day treatmentresort if Allergy is manifested throughout the year. But if it is seasonal, the treatment is carried out in this period.
If allergic rhinitis is not curable, it is possible to use an alternative method. The main such methods include homeopathy, however, the effectiveness of such treatment has not been investigated.
Try to avoid allergens that trigger your illness. If you stick to this rule, the treatment without drugs.
Many patients start taking medications that you can buy at the pharmacy without first consulting with your doctor. For some, such tools are effective and some are dangerous, that's why try to consult with your doctor before starting treatment.
If allergic rhinitis is manifested during pregnancy, then this problem may get worse and develop into asthma or sinusitis. If the condition allows, don't take any drugs in the first three months. But there are cases where a pregnant woman can not do without medication, then it is necessary to consult at the doctor.
If you have begun the process of immunotherapy before pregnancy, you can continue,but it is not recommended to start being in position.
Treatment of allergic rhinitis in children is same as adults. Only the child's body so sensitive that the medication can affect a number of side effects.
Mainly allergic rhinitis treated with medicines that can easily be bought in a pharmacy. Such drugs include antihistamines, decongestant drugs, and eye drops. Before giving these medicines to a child, you need to consult with your doctor.
If the medications do not give the desired result, then the doctor prescribes the following medications:
- Antihistamines that do not cause drowsiness. These drugs are very effective if the patient has sneezing, runny nose, itchy and watery eyes.
- Eye drops. They are prescribed only if the patient has redness and watery eyes. This type of drugs dispensed by prescription and without it.
- Nasal spray, which is used concurrently with antihistamines. Thanks to these sprays, you can reduce the manifestation of allergic reaction. They act quickly and in a few weeks the patient comes a full recovery.
In any case, the treatment of allergic rhinitis, like any other disease, is best done under the supervision of specialists.