What you need to know about the symptoms and treatment of rhinitis?
What is rhinitis, symptoms and treatment of which may appoint a doctor? The medicines are defined only after a thorough examination. The main factor with the occurrence of the common cold, is considered to be cooling, leading to the activity of pathogenic microflora in the nasal cavity, nasopharynx and mouth. A secondary factor is the low resistance to bacteria due to illness. Rhinitis is an infection that affects the inner lining of the nose and results in loss of functioning. Occurs both independently and against the background of other infections prevailing in the body, for example: diphtheria, measles, influenza and other ailments.
Types and classification of rhinitis
Initial signs of rhinitis, symptoms of which can activate and other otorhinolaryngological diseases, and acute respiratory viral infection or an allergic reaction, how to recognize easily. In medical practice there are the following types of rhinitis:
- non-communicable (non-allergic);
In non-allergic (non-infectious) rhinitis is observed in a wide range of damage to the inner lining of the nose. The symptoms usually vary. Infectious rhinitis is manifested more often in adults than in children. According to specialists, infectious disease Airways are especially dangerous for kids. The main pathogens are considered known childhood infectious diseases (diphtheria, measles, etc.). Allergic mind characterized by seasonal predisposition.
The symptoms of chronic rhinitis in adults
Typical symptoms of rhinitis is known to anyone. The primary symptoms such as blockage of air and mucus in the nose, weakness, high body temperature, headache, observed in early disease. The reason for this is the irritation of reflexogenic areas of the nose. Swelling of the cavity disrupts the drainage of the paranasal sinuses and the middle part of the ear. This is a positive area to increase the malicious activity of the flora, which is due to the development of bacterial complications. As practice shows, the disease lasts no more than 14 days.
Rhinitis has acute and chronic forms. The main difference is the duration of the disease. Acute rhinitis is different from the chronic prevalence of pathogenic traits. Signals that contribute to the early inflammation of the mucosa of the nasal cavity, have certain differences.
The dominant symptoms of chronic catarrhal rhinitis is expressed shortness of breath. Great importance for the personsuffering from this disease has seasonality. In most cases acute chronic pathology in winter, when a person breathes cold air. In summer, patient is not experiencing any discomfort. The observed congestion in one nasal passage. The basis for the activation of catarrhal rhinitis are considered to be a weakened immune system, dirty air and openness to a variety of respiratory diseases. The final factor refers to the hereditary or genetic form.
Agents of catarrhal rhinitis are those ENT diseases like sinusitis, tonsillitis and others.
On the basis of chronic sinusitis or for extension of lymphoid tissue may occur hypertrophic rhinitis, which has symptoms similar to the symptoms of the above diseases. During the course of the disease affects the lower and middle shell of the nose as a result of enhanced proliferation of supporting tissue of the cavity.
The cause of hypertrophic rhinitis may be the use of large quantities of alcohol. Rhinitis can also occur in people with high blood pressure. Treatment with medications for this disease are not provided.
The problem can be resolve exclusively by surgery: cauterization of membrane, through local removal of damaged tissue (cryoablation) or the inferior turbinate.
Treatment of chronic rhinitis
In the practice of otolaryngology there are many techniques to influence a protracted rhinitis. Drug therapy is the use of a variety of drugs with vasoconstrictor action, as well as ointments or sprays, relieves inflammation and destroying harmful bacteria in the nasal cavity.
When the temperature of the body is recommended to take antiviral and antipyretic drug. Based on the overall clinical picture, the doctor prescribes antibiotics. For the best effect of physiotherapy.
The course of therapeutic measures includes:
- UV heating;
- Microwave therapy;
- electrophoresis and magnetotherapy.
While independent therapy will help the home well-inhalations with honey, oil and alkalis. If the common medical methods do not give results, it is necessary to resort to surgery. When complicated by hypertrophic processes there is a need in correctional operations.
Despite the fact that pharmaceutical companies provide a large selection of medicalproducts, folk therapy remains as popular and allows you to heal the lingering runny nose. Previously, the rhinitis was treated with medicinal herbs. This method of herbal medicine demand and at the present time. Particularly incredible are the benefits of a decoction made with mint.
In addition, this solution suitable for lavage of the nose, whereby the congestion is eliminated even without using vasoconstrictor action. Good effect and other medicinal extracts of such herbs as licorice, the bark of viburnum and rhododendron.
Great fights with a cold oil infusion, which was instilled into the nasal passages. Effective systematic effect of nasal lavage with a solution of salt and eucalyptus.
The symptoms and treatment of acute rhinitis
Acute rhinitis develops in stages. Each stage is characterized by its inherent characteristics that help to establish how the disease evolves.
At the initial stage of irritation of the nasal mucosa due to the penetration of germs. While there are typical symptoms of the common cold:
- the dryness in the nasal passages;
- tickling and burning in the nasal cavity;
- headache with increasing intensity;
- a slight increase in temperature.
The duration of the first stage is about a few hours, and in some cases 1 to 2 days. After changing signs, and the disease enters the later stage of development.
The second stage is characterized by the appearance of mucous secretions or fluid from the nose. At this stage aktiviziruyutsya other symptoms, eliminating premature dryness and burning. However, there is difficulty breathing due to nasal congestion and sometimes completely impaired sense of smell. Sometimes, due to the close location of conjunctiva to nasal cavity inflammation can affect the eyes. This phenomenon is called the “combined eye”.
The third stage is associated with the immune response to penetrated into the nasal cavity harmful bacteria. As a rule, this situation begins at day 4-5 after the onset of illness. This stage is difficult to confuse with anything else, as in a given time interval from the nose secretes mucus with the presence of pus, dominated a thick consistency and has a specific smell. The pus is released as a result of penetration into the nasal mucosa protective cells. Moreover, in the nasal cavity, these cells fight the bacteria after the destruction highlighted in the form of pus.
After a few days all the above symptoms subsided, and the inflammation terminates. The nose begins to breathe again, and the patient's conditionstabiliziruemost.
Therapeutic interventions in acute rhinitis still depend on the stage of development of the disease. In the initial stages of development, doctors recommend soar feet, put mustard plasters on the soles of the feet at night, drink hot tea with raspberries. With regard to medical treatment, it is to use antiseptic and hypoallergenic means.
The doctor recommends taking vitamins that improve the immune system, and headaches can use the tools for anesthesia. The second and third stages of the disease should be treated in other ways. Together with symptomatic therapy, the doctors give you an antibiotic with a wide spectrum of action. Besides prescribed drugs antimicrobial action.
Thus, the appearance of the initial symptoms of rhinitis is not necessary to postpone visit to the doctor. The disease develops rapidly and occurs at the final stage is hard enough. In advanced situations as the treatment used operational method.
Therefore, such diseases as rhinitis, it is better to treat in the early stages of development. It is thus possible to avoid switching rhinitis chronic.