Antibiotic treatment for pneumonia
Such diseases as pneumonia, is a serious threat to health and even human life. The saving tool was and still on antibiotics for pneumonia.
Of course, medicine has made great strides. However, the main treatment methods are still based on antibacterial drugs and antibiotics for pneumonia. Progress of medicine in recent time is that developed a new more effective and safe antibacterial agents.
Through such tools, you can quickly and easily stop the development of pneumonia and start treatment. This is very important because inflammation of the lungs occupies the first place among the causes of death from inflammatory diseases.
Pneumonia - General information
Pneumonia is an inflammation of the lungs, which has an infectious origin. Pneumonia inflammation, usually affects the lower airway, bronchi, alveoli, bronchioles. Treatment of pneumonia with antibiotics - a common practice. Pneumonia in its origin may be fungal, viral and bacterial. The last type of pneumonia is most common and we will discuss it.
For diagnosis in the laboratory used x-rays and analysis of sputum. Treated pneumonia, as already mentioned, antibacterial drugs, i.e. antibiotics.
Late diagnosis and delayed access to antibiotics are likely to cause death. There is a disappointing statistic. She says that out of 450 million people is the total average number of diseases in one year - almost 4 million deaths. This means that pneumonia kills 4 million people in the world annually.
Medicine is struggling with this disease, new drugs, methods of treatment and prevention efforts, but experts acknowledge that to reduce the prevalence rate still fails. Only in Russia the number of diseases recorded on the annual value of 400 thousand is official data, but many experienced experts cite another figure - 1 million. Again it is worth noting that timely access to a doctor is a guarantee of success in the treatment and guarantee of recovery. Because the cause of death only running form.
Symptoms and diagnosis
The beginning of pneumonia can be quickly identified by the following characteristics:
- chills or fever with a sharp jump in temperature to 39-40 degrees;
- wet cough with abundant expectorationsputum;
- manifested in shortness of breath the feeling that not enough air;
- pain in your chest when you cough or deep breath.
Weakness, fatigue, rapid fatigue, sweating, poor sleep, lack of appetite, intoxication - all this calls for the action to start treatment of inflammation of the lungs. X-ray examination carried out in all cases of suspected pneumonia is required. Bronchoscopy can be performed with a lack of information. For example, wheezing in the lungs and spots on x-rays - these are signs by which one can make an unambiguous conclusion about the presence of pneumonia. Microbiology will come to help to establish the causative agent of the disease based on the examination of the sputum.
Mandatory in the diagnosis also is the production of blood. Based on this analysis you can easily judge the presence of inflammatory process and even the nature of its flow. In those rare cases where x-rays do not give complete information, and have resorted to additional, more modern and accurate method of study - computer magnetic resonance tomography of the lungs.
In the case of child pneumonia symptoms did not differ from adults. Pneumonia is most often manifests as dyspnea on the background of acute respiratory infections. For children, the most characteristic of atypical forms of pneumonia - they require the use of antibiotics belonging to the group of macrolides. Children's pneumonia gives complications are more likely than adults; therefore, treatment should be performed only in a hospital.
Rules prescribing antibiotics
The General rule prescribing antibiotics for all diseases, even with bronchitis, from simple to complex. That is first assigned the weak drug, e.g. ampicillin, and, in the absence of tangible progress, the next one stronger. And so on, until the desired effect is not achieved. Efficiency is tested, usually based on the clinical analysis of blood.
This formula is valid for the pneumonia, but then there it all depends on the causative agent. The conclusion about the ineffectiveness of this drug can be done after at least 48 hours from the start of its application. Taken into account the possibility of appearance of unwanted side effects of the drug. The reason for replacing the funds may serve as its high toxicity, limiting the application period.
Only having achieved marked decrease of inflammatory processes, which should be judged by a blood test, you can take the decision to cancel a course of antibiotics and begin rehabilitation. Antibiotics are divided into groups, determining their activity to specific pathogens. Let us consider pathogensinfections and appropriate for them medicines.
Pneumococci. They are considered effective against benzylpenicillin and aminopenicillins, in addition, according to many experts, these drugs are considered the gold standard. Hemophilic Bacillus. Would aminopenicillin. Representatives of this group are amoxicillin and ampicillin. Against Haemophilus influenzae is effective also fluoroquinolones.
Staph. While the pathogen used oxacillin, aminopenicillins, cephalosporins. This is a fairly common pathogen, and in combat it achieved good results.
Pneumonia caused by chlamydia, treated with macrolides or drugs belonging to the group of tetracyclines. Showed himself well in the fight and fluoroquinolones. Legionella. A panacea against it is erythromycin. Fluoroquinolones, macrolides and rifampicin can be the drugs of choice for treatment correction.
Cephalosporins are used to treat pneumonia caused by the pathogen Escherichia coli. This pathogen plays a very specific role in the development of pneumonia. Combating it may not produce the desired results.
The treatment of the disease
Patients with pneumonia be hospitalized. Of course, the patient may refuse hospitalization, under their own responsibility, but this does not help to avoid the risk of serious complications of suppuration in the lungs, respiratory failure, toxic shock, pleurisy.
On what grounds can we judge the need for hospitalization:
- dizziness, shortness of breath, decreased pressure, increased heart rate;
- the temperature reduction is less than the nominal;
- the presence of inflammatory processes in other organs
- or just if home conditions do not allow for full treatment at home (that can be of various social indicators).
The treatment is carried out in the complex. The first component of the complex drug treatment: the main treatment with antibiotics, drugs that prevent the development of inflammation, expectorants, inhalations.
The second component of the complex treatment - physiotherapy. Its influence is important, and to make the treatment more effective, and securely fix the result. The warming, electrophoresis, magnetic therapy, massage, therapeutic exercises for breathing are an integral part of physiotherapy. With all this, it is helpful to drink plenty of warm fluids, preferably herbal teas of medicinal herbs.
The main and integral part of the treatment, as already mentioned, is treated with antibiotics. The choice of treatment regimen is carried out individually for each patient based on accuratediagnosis, individual characteristics of the organism, the presence or absence of contraindications to the components of the drugs. Take into account age, General condition of the body.
The treatment regimen includes one or more specific antibiotic drug, frequency and duration of intake, dosage. Often in the scheme include two drugs, thus providing the possibility of making alterations on the basis of blood test to improve the quality of care.
Here are some of the modern antibiotic drugs, does our medicine today:
- the group of macrolides - clarithromycin, macropen, fromilid, azithromycin, Sumamed, hemomitsin, vilprafen;
- penicillin group - clarithromycin, macropen, fromilid, azithromycin, Sumamed, hemomitsin, vilprafen;
- the group cephalosporins - Cefazolin, suprax, rocephin, Zinnat, Fortum, cefixime, cephalexin, Cefotaxime, ceftazidime klaforan, cefepime, Ceftriaxone;
- the group of fluoroquinolones - levofloxacin, sparfloxacin.
Antibiotic therapy in pneumonia is on average 8-9 days.
Drugs can be administered in tablets, capsules or injections. Of course, the most efficient way to do injections, but it all depends on the condition of the patient and research results. Treatment may be accompanied by immunomodulatory therapy.
Treatment of pneumonia in adults, antibiotics are usually also accompanied by drugs that normalize the intestinal microflora, in order to avoid dysbiosis. Very useful to prescribe a multivitamin. People's funds can only complement antibiotics to treat pneumonia. You can not completely replace the traditional methods folk remedies.