Causes and symptoms of atypical pneumonia in adults
What is an atypical pneumonia symptoms in adults that occur during illness all you need to know in order to begin treatment of the disease. SARS is a very complex disease that is often confused with the ordinary form of pneumonia. To correctly diagnose this disease can only be for the first causes and specific symptoms.
Using immunological, microbiological and x-ray studies can be clearly and correctly diagnose this disease.
Antiviral and antimicrobial drugs, specialists prescribe only after a full examination and depending on the severity of the disease.
The main problem nowadays faced by the experts is the lack of drugs against several pathogens of atypical pneumonia.
There are a number of dangerous microorganisms that are the main cause of this disease. They are able to multiply and maintain the vital functions inside the human cells.
The main difference of these organisms from other bacteria in that they do not accept other habitat. At risk of Contracting the illness are people up to the age of forty, most often this disease occurs in children.
SARS can be divided into two stages. The first resembles an ordinary cold, and the second is the same as pneumonia, so they are very easy to confuse.
The main causes of the disease
As mentioned above, the pathogens of atypical pneumonia a lot. Key among these are:
- Mycoplasma. This virus is the most common. In 10-20 % of cases it manifests itself in simple pneumonia. Where there is usually a large crowd of people, this parasite infects up to 50 % of those present.
- Chlamydia. This parasite contributes to the development of SARS. Among them, quite often there are pneumonia and bronchitis. This virus can reside in the human body long enough, it does not appear any symptoms.
- Legionella. This pathogen is very difficult to diagnosis and is able to infect 10% of the population. Habitat this parasitic organism are natural and artificial ponds. Moreover, they can live in air conditioners and other home appliances.
- Coxiella. This parasite can cause fever, followed by atypical pneumoniaand other quite serious illnesses.
- Various kinds of viruses.
This disease is a challenge, it can be transmitted, communicating with a person who is already a carrier of this disease. In other words, SARS is transmitted by airborne droplets. In addition, you get from using the items of the sick person.
Atypical pneumonia is of two types: Mycoplasma and chlamydia infections. The first infects 2-3% of adults. Greater risk of the disease in children and adolescents, it is 10 to 20 %.
How does atypical pneumonia in adults?
Is a disease of adults suffer much harder than the children. The main difficulties arise in the process of diagnosis of the disease, due to the fact that the symptoms of this disease often resemble the signs of inflammation of the respiratory organs. The result is adults begin to self-medicate, and turn to professionals already in a late stage of the disease, that is, at the moment when the pneumonia spread to the other lung.
Forms of occurrence of SARS. The first case is quite critical. The disease appears very rapidly, rapidly and sharply. The temperature of the human body can reach very high levels. Often begins with nausea, there may be irritation of the Central nervous system. After 3-4 days you may receive a sore throat, and the cough becomes frequent and irritable.
X-ray may indicate only that the human body is an inflammatory process. At this point, lung tissue begins to be covered with a thin mesh.
In the second case, at the initial stage of disease appear quite acute catarrhal symptoms. The mucous membrane of the throat becomes inflamed, causing severe pain.
In the third case, i.e. in the acute form of the disease, the person has cardiovascular failure. Initially the man who was struck by this disease, is experiencing shortness of breath, and after a certain period of time he gets off the breathing rhythm.
Symptoms of atypical pneumonia
If a person has had SARS symptoms manifested at the same time, can be different. Often the symptoms of this ailment are smoothed. The clinical picture is characterized by the following symptoms: headache, marked weakness, sore pain in the throat. The disease is very unpredictable. Sometimes it can pass without any symptoms, and some patientscan appear quite heavy features and forms of complications which threaten not only health, but also human life.
The incubation period has a duration of from 3 to 10 days, and during this period, the symptoms are less pronounced. Only after this time there are real signs of the disease. During the laboratory analysis revealed mild leukocytosis.
Significantly reduced the amount of sputum. At the initial stage of the disease occurs a slight inflammation process. But at the time of progression of atypical pneumonia develops shared pathology.
Signs of the disease depend directly on a specific pathogen. For example, mycoplasmas cause a high enough temperature, there is a fever, shortness of breath, runny nose and severe sore throat.
Chlamydia manifest and even severe cough, fever. All common symptoms of the disease in the process of development of the disease supplemented palpitations, pain in the lungs.
In the prevention of atypical pneumonia carefully observe rules of personal hygiene. This disease is not only transmitted by airborne droplets, but also through infected household items.
Pre-prepare your immune system to combat respiratory diseases. Do not risk your health!