That man is sick with inflammation of the lungs?
If a person is sick with pneumonia, he needs to know that is sick with inflammation of the lungs. This disease is quite dangerous and unpredictable. The wrong tactics of treatment and late detection of the disease can bring death. Signs of pneumonia are similar to the symptoms of such diseases of the respiratory tract, which leads to a difficult diagnosis without the necessary medical examinations.
The treatment of the disease lasts long and is completely dependent on extent of injury, patient's age and his health.
What is pneumonia and what are the forecasts of the disease?
A disease in which there is destruction of lung tissue, called pneumonia. It can occur as a result of infection, fungus or bacterial infection. Inflammation starts when certain factors. In rare cases, pneumonia may occur as a consequence of prolonged bed rest.
Due to the fact that the center of infection is man himself, the disease is considered contagious and is spread by airborne droplets. In chronic diseases of the nasopharynx, of the heart, reduced immune system function to diagnose the disease hard enough. Pneumonia develops quickly and is much harder, requiring the use of additional treatment methods.
The disease can cause the microorganisms present in the nasopharynx or throat. Due to the fact that they move into the depths of the respiratory tract, it begins the process of inflammation. With a weak immune system in a human patient may develop pneumonia more serious nature.
Pneumonia can take place differently, as the nature of the disease fully depends on age criteria, immune status, pathogen infection, presence of chronic illnesses, as well as technologies for the treatment of inflammation. Pneumonia can lead to serious complications, if the pathogen is fairly resistant to medications, or reduced immunity. A particular danger is pneumonia for infants, especially if the causative agent is Pseudomonas aeruginosa or Staphylococcus aureus. With timely and proper treatment the prognosis is significantly improved.
When treatment is started promptly and the course was proper, pneumonia ends in complete recovery. As a rule, after pneumonia may cause changes in lung tissue, expressed by a reduction of segment of lung tissue and scarring. Very often the disease is eliminated.
Risk factors and clinical picture of inflammationlight
The disease can be infected any person with some unfavorable factors, even if he is completely healthy. Mostly this disease affects such categories of persons as:
- elderly people (over 60 years);
- children under 2 years of age, children with lowered immune system;
- patients who abuse alcohol, drug addicts, smokers;
- patients with diabetes, patients with cardiac failure, hepatitis;
- patients with tuberculosis, bronchitis or asthma;
- people with epilepsy and head injuries.
Every man suffering from pneumonia, should clearly know, that might hurt inflammation of the lungs, in order to identify the disease. The disease makes itself felt initially with pain in the throat, nasal passages. Further, the disease can manifest in 2 ways:
In the case extralegal manifestations in the initial place is a toxic syndrome that includes symptoms such as:
- the increase in body temperature to 39° C accompanied with chills;
- weak in body, aches;
- the pain in the head;
- pain in the muscular tissues and bones;
- poor appetite, nausea, and in some cases vomiting;
- insomnia, confusion;
- tachycardia, pale skin.
In the case of SARS, there is a gradual intoxication, there are unpleasant sensations in the nasal cavity and throat, fever begins in the first days of the disease. When the doctor listening to the lungs rales are not observed, and x-rays clean. Generally, pneumonia occurs with fever and cough, but it is not in all cases.
Among other manifestations it is possible to allocate a cough, which after a time may be with phlegm. In turn, the sputum may be in the form of mucus or pus formation. In severe pneumonia, the sputum may contain blood. When coughing pain is felt in the chest and the back in the affected area. In the event of progressive respiratory failure may experience shortness of breath when exercising of inhalation and exhalation.
Even with pronounced symptoms, you need medical confirmation of the diagnosis. On examination, the doctor listens to the chest, detects the presence of wheezing and dull sounds. Pneumonia must be confirmed by using x-ray examination. You need to pass a CT scan and to perform a blood test. In addition, your doctor may prescribe to take the analysis of a sputum, in order to identify the causative agent. After that, the doctor prescribes the necessarydrugs. In the case of complications of the disease requires the use of bronchoscopy, echocardiography or ultrasonography.
What does pain in the back, side, belly and chest in pneumonia?
The presence of pain in the side disease says inflammation of the lower lobe of the lung and lesions of the pleural layers.
Since the process involved a pleural sheath, in which a high concentration of nerve plexus and blood vessels, the patient may feel pain in the chest, radiating to the back and stomach.
In pneumonia the pain may be similar to feelings that occur in acute sciatica or acute myocardial infarction.
In order to distinguish pneumonia from other diseases, it is important to remember that the inflammatory process in the lungs is the relationship with the process of breathing and cough. Additional clinical manifestations the patient may be fever.
Complications of pneumonia and their treatment
The disease can give complication in the untimely appeal to the doctor or the wrong treatment. Among the possible complications of the disease are the following:
- dry and exudative pleurisy;
- the destruction of lung tissue;
- multiple organ dysfunction syndrome.
Exudative pleurisy is manifested by concentration of fluid (exudate), infectious origin in the pleura. During complications patient's sore chest and side, you may feel a heaviness in the side, increasing shortness of breath.
In order to ease the process of breathing, the patient had repeatedly to take a position where hands rest on a hard surface. In addition, inflammation is felt a dull ache radiating into the lower area of the chest, breathing may be impaired. During the illness patients may not be lying down, so sleep in a sitting or palpitates position.
Dry pleurisy is an independent complication resulting from an inflammatory process of the pleura. When it occurs the loss of fibrin between the pleural layers and then bonding. As a result, the patient feels a sharp pain in the breast when administering breathing. In addition, pain felt in the back and side. If the pain is too strong, the patient has to make only a superficial breaths.
Timely visit to the doctor's faithful compliance with all rules assigned to the therapy and time use of drugs will allow to cure the disease much faster. Prevention of the disease depends on how well the disease is perceived by people.
Among the methods of treatment of the disease therethe antibiotic therapy. There are the following drugs: Ceftriaxone, Cefuroxime, Roxithromycin and others. To reduce the pain in the chest prescribe medicines with anti-inflammatory action. As a complement to General therapy, the doctor prescribes medicines to thin phlegm (throat) and vitamins, frequent drinking, in bed. As a preventive measure, you should refrain from Smoking, vaccination against influenza, as well as temper.