Learn: Klebsiella pneumonia
Pneumonia quite often. Disseminated Klebsiella pneumonia among children, which is given much attention. Because children with pneumonia are prone to very rapid progress because of immature immune system.
To identify and treat pneumonia have in the early stages, because in his development the pneumonia begins to seriously threaten human life. Pneumonia is an inflammatory process in the lung tissue and comprises a group of diseases. We consider a disease called Klebsiella pneumonia.
General information about the disease
Klebsiella pneumonia is a type of bacteria that can be pathogenic under certain conditions. This enterobacteria, sometimes called a stick because of the similarity in appearance when viewed under a microscope.
In 1882, this stick was opened by the German microbiologist Carl Friedlander. So old the name sounds like the Bacillus of Friedlander.
Interestingly, these bacteria live in some of the human organs, without causing him any harm - in symbiosis with the human body. Why they call them opportunistic. These sticks populate the intestinal microflora of the oral cavity. Under certain circumstances, these sticks can be the cause of infectious inflammatory diseases, in particular pneumonia.
Pneumonia caused by the Bacillus called Klebsiella, and is a fairly rare form of pneumonia. This is an acute inflammation of the lungs that can be life-threatening. The bacterium Klebsiella is present in our body, surrounded by a thick shell, thanks to which it does not show the pathological properties.
On the other hand, thanks to this shell, the bacterium is very resistant in the treatment of diseases caused by it, it's not responding to antibiotics it is resistant to high temperatures.
However, thanks to modern methods, pneumonia caused by Klebsiella successfully treated. With timely treatment to doctors, she poses no threat to life and health. On the other hand, the mortality from this disease is quite high and can reach 30% of all cases.
The disease may not occur even if tests show the presence of the Bacillus in smears of adults. What can cause the development of infections caused by Klebsiella?
Causes Klebsiella pneumonia
This type of pneumonia often develops as a nosocomial infection on the background of the weakened condition of patients. In addition, the development ofinfection is promoted by some factors:
- a weakened immune system;
- unsanitary conditions and lack of hygiene;
- frequent viral infections, such as SARS and the flu;
- long-term treatment with antibiotics, as this is seriously disturbed microflora of the body;
- the imbalance of sugar in the blood;
- bad habits.
If the bacteria Klebsiella under favorable conditions, begin to multiply in the body, it releases toxic substances. They cause inflammation of the organs. The most exposed to these toxins the lungs, and causes pneumonia - pneumonia.
This type of pneumonia especially can often appear among older patients with any portable diseases of the respiratory system and lungs.
It should be noted that this type of pneumonia is only about three percent of all cases of pneumonia. It manifests itself in the form of several foci in the lungs. These lesions can for a short time to cover a large part of the lungs.
The specific causes of klebsiellae development of pneumonia was not detected. It always develops as a complication on the background of a very wide range of diseases associated with the weakening of the immune system:
- diabetes mellitus;
- the lack of vitamins in the body;
- even damaged or injured lung may trigger the development of coli Klebsiella;
- radiation sickness.
If you encounter klebsiellae infection, it is mainly transmitted by airborne droplets. In medicine this kind of infection is called activella. Friedlander pneumonia can develop within three to four days.
This type of pneumonia often does not manifest itself for quite a long time, up to two to three weeks. Then you can begin to show symptoms of the common cold - sore throat, increased body temperature, the patient begins coughing.
But along with this comes a number of other symptoms. Headache, trembling of the body and chills, severe malaise, and weakness is a signal to immediately consult a doctor for help.
Here is a typical klebsiellae symptoms of pneumonia:
- sharp pain in lungs when coughing, it can occur not always, but in advanced disease constantly;
- can cause blood spotting during otchalivai, it is a sign thatthe disease has gained strength;
- symptoms of poisoning of the body caused by toxins that produce bacteria Klebsiella in reproduction - nausea, lack of appetite or even rejection of food taken.
The faster will be the treatment, the more likely the patient to overcome the disease. Without proper treatment, necessary medicines, inevitably starts dying lung tissue. In medical language this process is called necrosis. As a result, may begin to form metastases, not only in lungs but also in other organs. Can be designated and signs of jaundice. If the analysis of urine revealed Klebsiella wand, you can always speak about the presence of klebsiellae infection in the body.
Diagnosis and treatment
This disease equally often can occur in adults and in children. For the treatment of childhood pneumonia even developed a special gentle children's body techniques based on the use of probiotics. Moreover, the treatment in such cases is often prescribed not only for kids but for parents, there could be a perezarazhenie, for example, through the mother's milk.
In the General case, to start treatment you need to undergo all sorts of research. This blood test will be performed to identify the crops sticks. Spend and radiological examination to determine stage of the disease. Further all the obtained data are analysed and interpreted for an accurate diagnosis depends on how successful and rapid treatment and recovery of the patient.
Plays an important role and examination of the patient, conversation with him. For example, if, upon inspection there are slight wheezing, it is a sign of a large amount of mucus accumulated in the alveoli and bronchi. In some cases there hemorrhoids skin and mucous membranes.
Next is assigned an individual treatment plan, which must adhere to the patient under close medical supervision. With the proper observance of all these procedures, the patient usually feels relieved after three to four days and starts on the mend. However, the final recovery occurs not earlier than in 3-4 weeks.
As we have said, diplobacillus Friedlander is very resistant to antibiotics traditionally used in the treatment of pneumonia, as it is characterized by large variations in morphology.
Of modern drugs, stick Friedlander is sensitive to streptomycin.
Good effect also give erythromycin, tetraolean, randomized. In severe cases, useaminoglycosides (gentamicin, netilmicin). Also shown are expectorants when necessary cardiotonic drugs.
Very useful to accompany this treatment by taking decoctions of medicinal herbs, herbal infusions, inhalations, based on decoctions of herbs: chamomile, lavender. Herbs that help soothe the cough and facilitate expectoration. Inhalation can take from one to several times a day, depending on the frequency of coughing.
Teas based on herbal help generally only relieve the symptoms, the cause of a disease can be treated with prescribed medicines. Therefore, to rely on folk remedies should not, in fact a very serious disease and is cured only with medication. The main thing is not to lose precious time. The treatment of such diseases is carried out only in a hospital.
Prevention of the disease
For the prevention of disease there are no specific instructions of the specialists. Here only you can follow General advice, namely: strengthening the immune system and hygiene.
People who abuse alcohol, make up half of all cases friedlanders pneumonia. Therefore, for the prevention of disease need to limit consumption of alcoholic drinks to people with disorders in immune system, that is, having a predisposition to the disease. In addition, in the preventive purposes it is recommended to follow the diet, trying to eat only healthy food.
Improving ventilation, it is possible to achieve a preventive effect, as bacteria transmitted through the air will be less concentrated in the room. This and regular walks in the fresh air. A small exercise will also benefit. All that leads to active ventilation, can be considered the prevention of pneumonia, for example, games in the fresh air, skiing in the winter. Now such fashionable events as the visit to the salt cabins really shows people predisposed to pneumonia due to low immunity.