Can you die from Contracting pneumonia?
Can you die from pneumonia? Should always be hope for recovery. Pneumonia (pneumonia) is an infectious disease that affects the Airways, alveoli and tissue surrounding them.
The main symptoms of pneumonia:
- severe cough with phlegm;
- chest pain;
- high temperature;
- frequent shortness of breath.
After the onset of the disease occurs intoxication syndrome. The patient experiences weakness and aches throughout the body, pain in bones and muscles. Next comes the fever, lost appetite, disturbed sleep, nausea, vomiting.
Mortality from pneumonia in children under 5 years represent 15% of all cases of child deaths. Each year worldwide from pneumonia dies of 4,2 million people.
The causes of pneumonia
There are different types of pneumonia. All depends on the causative agent. Pneumonia mainly begins when pathogens are introduced into the lungs along with air. Sometimes pathogens enter the lungs from blood stream or from a nearby focus of inflammation.
One of the most common pathogens are bacteria, such as Streptococcus pneumonia, Staphylococcus aureus, Haemophilus influenzae, coli, Legionella. The effects of influenza and measles can also cause pneumonia. The causative agent is fungi.
Often, while at home, patients are treated with antibiotics. The elderly and those who have trouble breathing or have heart disease, should undergo treatment in hospital. Certain patients may need additional access of air, the procedure of introducing liquids into the vein, mechanical breathing.
The risk of death for pneumonia increases a number of diseases:
- Cardiovascular disease (cardiomyopathy, heart disease, heart attack).
- Diseases of the respiratory system (tuberculosis, bronchitis).
- Bad habits (alcohol, Smoking, drugs).
- Diseases of the genitourinary system (kidney failure).
The probability of death from pneumonia increases with adverse living conditions in the newly born or the elderly.
Classification of pneumonia
Pneumonia may be:
Community-acquired (home) is progressing outside of this hospital/hospital. Pathogens are pneumococcus,hemophilic Bacillus. Is the disease is relatively favorable. The probability of death is very small.
Nosocomial (hospital) develops while in the hospital. The disease is quite tough, with a very high probability of death.
Aspiration - occurs when hit in the respiratory tract of foreign bodies is Most commonly caused by E. coli. Serious condition cause a burn in the mucosa of the respiratory tract. During chronic aspiration of death of the patient occurs quite often.
There are a number of people with weak immune systems. People who suffered HIV infection, leukemia, solid organ transplant. Well such people is very difficult, as the lack of their own forces. These people are terminally ill and die from pneumonia more often than others.
Death in pneumonia
Improper treatment and delayed access to specialists cause complications with side effects, including death.
There are a number of complications with the disease pneumonia. Sepsis is a condition of the organism in which disease-causing microbes enter the blood. At the same time developing septic shock (a serious illness that disrupts the delivery of oxygen to tissues).
For some time there is the opportunity to extend the life of the patient, conducting antibiotic therapy and maintaining the viability of using vasopressor.
Toxic shock - emission intensity in the blood of waste products of microbes and toxins. In this regard, the pressure drops, there are problems with the heart and stops filtering the kidneys. Spazmiruyutsya vessels and the blood flows well only in the heart and brain. Such a shock in children leads to the development of toxicity with acute adrenal insufficiency. In this regard, the pressure drops to zero, breathing stops and there comes a clinical death. In almost all cases the lethal outcome is inevitable.
Serious is considered a suppurative complication. There is Staphylococcus aureus, which is dying light, a cavity filled with pus. In this state the patient has a fever, falling blood pressure and all this is accompanied by severe cough, which secretes mucus.
Treatment of this condition is possible only by surgery (removal of the lung. But at the slightest physical exertion is shortness of breath. Death occurs within a few years.
In inflammatory lung damage (acute respiratory distress syndrome) can cause edema of lung tissue, impaired microcirculation, blood clotting. Such patients are necessaryartificial ventilation of the lungs. Not to allow them to only die this way.
No matter how dangerous nor were complications after the treatment of pneumonia, with timely treatment in medical establishment and compliance with the recommendations of the doctor the disease can result in complete recovery.