Acute bacterial pneumonia
Bacterial pneumonia (pneumonia) is an infectious disease that can be caused by various micro-organisms (pneumococcus, Pseudomonas, Mycoplasma, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella and many other bacteria).
According to doctors, most often sick children of preschool age and people older than 65 years. The likelihood of getting sick increases significantly with a decrease in overall immunity after suffering colds. The risk increases in postoperative period and in patients with chronic lung disease and, of course, smokers and alcohol abusers.
Forms and causes of disease
All bacterial pneumonia by origin are divided into nosocomial (in-hospital), in which the infection occurs in a hospital, and outpatient. Hospital of pneumonia are typically more severe and difficult to treat because the pathogen usually becomes resistant to antibiotics. In community-acquired forms of pneumonia, the infection is transmitted by airborne droplets from an infected person to a healthy coughing, sneezing, etc. This is the most common form of the disease. Also doctors based on the symptoms of pneumonia are subdivided into typical, which is characterized by all the signs, and atypical.
The classic symptoms of bacterial pneumonia
These include the following symptoms:
- prolonged high fever (up to 39° C);
- or dry cough with difficult expectoration yellow, greenish or mixed with blood;
- pain on one side of the chest when coughing or deep breathing;
- severe weakness, lethargy, fatigue and sweating, loss of appetite;
- muscle pain and headaches as a result of intoxication;
- shortness of breath, you can see the gap one half of the chest when breathing;
- pale skin and the sudden chills.
Atypical pneumonia may not have cough, temperature can be subfebrile (up to 37.5° C) or even normal.
Quite often the only symptom is fatigue.
Patients often explain their state of normal fatigue and overwork, the doctor not treated and the disease meanwhile progresses and becomes severe, difficult to treat.
Bacterial pneumonia in children: peculiarities of
doctor">pneumonia is often a complication of colds in the absence of proper treatment. In this case, the symptoms may appear within 2-3 days. The most characteristic symptoms are shortness of breath and high body temperature. The localization of the inflammatory process in the lower part of the lung can join abdominal pain and nausea, cough may be absent. Of course, the diagnosis in this case is difficult, often the correct diagnosis is made late.
And is characterized by the presence of other signs depending on the type of pathogen. So, in Mycoplasma pneumonia may join the rash, and the incidence of chlamydia is extremely painful and dangerous form of conjunctivitis (inflammation of the mucous membrane of the eye).
Treatment bacterial pneumonia
For the diagnosis of the disease, a auscultation (listen), chest x-ray (to be visible to the blackout), sometimes bronchoscopy. Made sure the General analysis of blood leucoformula.
In severe or complicated cases being treated in the hospital. Necessarily hospitalized elderly and young children. In mild cases can be treated at home, but thus it is necessary to observe strictly the regime and all doctor's recommendations.
The mainstay of treatment - broad-spectrum antibiotics. The dosage needs to select only the physician depending upon age, weight of patient and other factors, do not self medicate. Ideally, if the pre-test will be done on sensitivity, and there are now rapid tests. You should take the full course of antibiotic treatment even if you feel better, otherwise, after some time, the condition will again deteriorate.
Be sure to prescribers, dilates the bronchi (bronchodilators), expectorants and drugs that thinning sputum. At high temperature the recommended paracetamol or ibuprofen, all patients need to drink more warm liquids. In severe cases, appointed intravenous infusion of fluids, inhalation of oxygen.
Treatment in the recovery period includes thisprocedure (magnetic therapy, electrophoresis), massage the chest, breathing exercises, recommended a multivitamin. For a full treatment preferably undergo a subsequent treatment in a sanatorium of pulmonary profile. Patients need to know that pneumonia is a very serious disease, even when severe, may develop complications. Therefore, when the first signs of the disease better consult a doctor and undergo treatment.