The symptoms and treatment of bilateral pneumonia
Bilateral pneumonia is one of the most dangerous diseases of the lungs, which if improper treatment can result in death of the patient.
The reasons for the development of bilateral pneumonia
Bilateral pneumonia is often triggered by the influence of harmful microorganisms in the lung tissue. The most common pathogen of this disease is Streptococcus pneumoniae, less the disease can be caused by Haemophilus influenzae, Staphylococcus aureus or multiple pathogens simultaneously.
In every human body there are certain viruses and bacteria, but the protective functions have a deterrent effect and does not allow pathogens to develop. Therefore, the reasons for the various bilateral pneumonia, one of the main is the weakening of the immune system.
The deterioration of protective forces of an organism can be caused by:
- violations of rhythm of life;
- chronic diseases of lungs and bronchi, provoking the deformation of these bodies;
- frequent colds;
- strong hypothermia;
- vitamin deficiencies.
During hypothermia reduced local blood supply in the Airways, lung cells stop receiving nutrients and oxygen in the required amount. This provokes the creation of favorable conditions for development of pathogenic microorganisms.
Frequent colds have a devastating effect on the bronchial epithelium, and cause a reduction in local protection. Violations of rhythm of life is based primarily on the constant lack of sleep leading to reducing the reserve capacity of the body to counteract viruses and bacteria. The normal duration of human sleep should be at least 8 hours.
Allergy also contributes to the weakening of the immune system. The experts pointed out that pneumonia is frequently diagnosed in people suffering from bronchial asthma or hyperplastic rhinitis.
Symptoms of bilateral pneumonia
Signs of bilateral pneumonia are similar to symptoms of other forms of the disease.
Symptoms of bilateral pneumonia submitted by:
- a sharp increase in body temperature, which is almost not reduced under the influence of fever reducing medicine;
- frequent headaches;
- the occurrence of pain in the chest, the intensity of which increases during the deep breaths;
- weakness and malaise caused byof pressure reduction;
- excessive sweating and shortness of breath;
- muscle pain;
- loss of appetite;
- the palpitations;
- signs of General intoxication;
- fits of coughing, accompanied by discharge of sputum with bloody admixtures (sputum is noted not in all cases);
- the appearance of lesions on the face, as well as the acquisition of skin pale or bluish shades.
Bilateral pneumonia belongs to the category of acute diseases, therefore, the first symptoms occur a few hours after the pathogen began to multiply in the respiratory tract. But depending on the severity of bilateral pneumonia and progression, symptoms may occur with varying intensity.
In its development, the disease goes through two stages. For the first phase is characterized by inflammation of alveolar acini, accompanied by a slight hemorrhage. In the second stage, the inflammation of the involved areas and the formation of them to fibrin. These processes induce the development of respiratory failure.
In identifying the above symptoms, it is crucial to seek help from a doctor, because pneumonia develops rapidly and in a week can lead to death. Children show a more rapid disease development than in adult patients. In some cases, it is diagnosed the infection from mother to child through the milk.
Diagnosis of bilateral pneumonia
To diagnose the disease only based on the results of x-ray examination of the lungs. In the early stages of the disease the picture shows focal or segmental eclipses.
If untreated, after a few days, the clinical picture may change dramatically, and the picture will be clearly seen, the absolute Eclipse both lungs. In this case, you need urgent hospitalization of the patient.
Treatment for bilateral pneumonia
Treatment bilateral pneumonia must precede the determination of the nature of the pathogen, analysis of the immune status of the patient and the identification of comorbidities. To this end, a bacteriological examination of the sputum of the patient and sensitivity test to antibiotics.
But quite often, specialists have no extra time to conduct all necessary tests and begin treatment immediately. In such cases, a General scheme for treatment of bilateral pneumonia, where the patient is prescribed a strong antibiotic with a wide spectrum of action. The basic purpose of theiruse is to remove inflammation and detoxification. Treatment involves the simultaneous use of multiple drugs. This helps to prevent the development of serious pathologies.
Mandatory drugs include antihistamines and antipyretics. Further treatment by antibiotics can be revised after the results of the research, giving a greater understanding of the pathogen. During treatment bilateral pneumonia the patient should be at the hospital and be sure to adhere to conditions of strict bed rest and high-calorie food. To improve the protective functions of the organism patient is prescribed a vitamin.
To exclude the development of bilateral pneumonia it is necessary, first of all, to prevent hypothermia. So the legs should always be kept warm. To a greater extent this applies to small children who are not able to take care of themselves, and thus quite vulnerable to the effects of harmful microorganisms.
After a slight improvement in the state can be assigned to oxygen inhalations and physiotherapy. It is not recommended to treat bilateral pneumonia at home, because this disease cannot be eradicated without the use of antibiotic therapy.
Complications bilateral pneumonia
Pneumonia is a very insidious disease that needs individual approach to each patient. The result of inexpert treatment or its absence can be the development of complications presented:
- infections of the blood (the development of sepsis);
- infectious-toxic shock;
- appearance of abscesses;
Often fatal end of those cases of bilateral pneumonia, which was triggered by the pneumococcus. This is due to excessive toxicity of the pathogen and its ability to rapidly reproduce. In the category of persons for whom the disease represents the greatest danger, consists of children in preschool age and elderly patients.
Prevention of the disease
Because pneumonia can develop on the background of frequent colds, it is important to give sufficient attention to improve immunity and not to forget about responsible and timely treatment of illnesses of a respiratory nature.
Special relationships require diseases of the respiratory system, which under improper treatment become chronic, creating a fertile ground for bacteria. Of great importance is the system of proper nutrition, involving the use of thoseproducts that necessary to saturate the organism with all necessary vitamins.