The symptoms and treatment of diffuse pulmonary fibrosis
Diffuse pulmonary fibrosis - postprocess occurring in the pulmonary tissues and is characterized by replacement of normal lung parenchyma is not functioning connective tissue. Pulmonary fibrosis can develop under the influence of factors accompanying the progression of inflammation and degenerative processes in the respiratory system that contribute to violations in the elasticity and gas exchange in the damaged tissue. Local changes do not cause any symptoms, and diffuse provoke progressive dyspnea, cough, pain in chest, fatigue.
The development of this pathology is most often seen in the male population after the age of 50 years. Sclerotic changes in parenchymal lung tissue represent an irreversible process, therefore, the disease belongs to the category of steadily progressive, it can lead to disability or even death.
Diffuse pulmonary fibrosis is a lung disease that is able to affect the entire lung. Sometimes there are cases when the disease is bilateral.
The reasons for the development of pulmonary fibrosis
The reasons of occurrence and development in the body pulmonary fibrosis can be different. Most often it is Patrusheva, develops on the background of existing problems with the respiratory system. The disease can trigger the development of disorders, include the following:
- athlete's foot;
- injuries and wounds of the chest and lung tissue.
Plays an important role hereditary factor. Occurs and progresses Patamushta in the case of lack of volume and low efficiency of medications anti-inflammatory action in the treatment of the above diseases. The appearance of a violation could be triggered by development in the body of hemodynamic disorders in the system of the pulmonary circulation.
The progression in the body pulmonary fibrosis can be triggered by the reception of a number of medications, such as, for example, “Apressin and Cordaron”. Risk factors contributing to the progression of the disorders are bad habits in Smoking and long-term residence in the territories with unfavorable ecological conditions.
Additional aspects that can have a negative impact on the human body and causethe development of the disease, are harmful industrial production, work in the mining industry, professional work sharp glass, construction, grinding.
The mechanism of development of disease depends largely on the reasons that provoked it. The main signs of the disease:
- violation of pulmonary ventilation capacity;
- reducing the drainage function of bronchi;
- the deterioration process of the circulation of blood and lymph in the respiratory tract.
The occurrence of violations and destruction of the alveoli of the lung tissue triggers the progression of the process of substitution of morphostructures of the lung parenchyma connective tissue formations. Circulatory disorders that accompany the progression of bronchopulmonary and cardiovascular pathology and provoke the emergence of pulmonary fibrosis.
High probability of patyrusiu if you experience in the body inflammatory processes in the lung requires particular caution. Consequences of holding incorrect therapeutic measures can have serious complications - even death. Get rid of started to progress pulmonary fibrosis is very difficult.
Symptoms of diffuse pulmonary fibrosis
The primary signs of diffuse pulmonary fibrosis are the symptoms and signs of disease, which is procridinae the appearance of patnaree. Additionally, the person developing the specific features that accompany progression of the disease. So, at the initial stage the person starts to feel shortness of breath. In the initial stages of progression of shortness of breath occurs only in the case of providing on the body exercise, but further long-term development of the disease this symptom appears at rest. Human skin become cyanotic hue that is the result of deterioration of alveolar ventilation pulmonary parenchyma.
One of the most characteristic features of the developing in the body patyrusiu is the appearance of symptoms fingers the Hippocratic. This feature is to change the shape of fingers, which are similar to drum sticks. The appearance and progression of diffuse pulmonary fibrosis is accompanied by phenomena characteristic of chronic bronchitis. Very often, patients have cough, which is at the initial stage to be protracted, and further becomes Intrusive.
The weighting progression of pulmonary fibrosis contributes to the underlying disease which triggered the emergence ofpalarossini.
In the process of disease progression is possible the emergence of aching pain in the chest, weakness, increased degree of fatigue, in addition the person may experience loss of body weight. In some very advanced cases of disorders, the person revealed signs of sclerosis of the lung. Multiple sclerosis manifests in a gross deformation of the rib region, there is atrophy of the intercostal muscle structures, displacement of the heart, trachea and major blood vessels of the circulatory system in the affected side.
With diffuse pulmonary fibrosis is observed in the development of hypertension of pulmonary circle of blood circulation and symptoms of pulmonary heart disease. Constant companion of the developing respiratory system in human diffuse pulmonary fibrosis is emphysema, which is characterized by a high content of air in the lungs. In diffuse pulmonary fibrosis emphysema can wear focal and diffuse in nature.
Diagnosis of pulmonary fibrosis lungs
Diagnostics medicine uses several methods. To determine whether problems with the respiratory system of the method of x-ray light. Using this method of inspection can detect the presence of changes in the lung parenchyma in asymptomatic disease. Also use this method to determine the prevalence, nature and severity of the disease. For a more detailed examination using magnetic resonance, computer tomography and method bronhografii.
Radiological signs of the disease have a great variety. This is because data obtained by carrying out x-ray, reflect not only typical for pulmonary fibrosis changes of the parenchyma, but also the changes that occur as a result of the progression of related diseases. Such diseases can be emphysema, bronchiectasis and bronchitis in the chronic form. Using this method is determined by the decrease in the size of the area of the lung affected by pathological changes, revealed the presence of reticulation and petritoli lung pattern during branching of the bronchial tree that is due to the occurrence of deformation of the walls of the bronchi. Additionally, it defines the multiple sclerosis and infiltration of the peribronchial tissue.
With bronchogram is determined by the phenomenon of convergence or the deviation of the bronchi, narrowing them as the result of deformation.
During the examination of the external respiratory function is determined by the reduction in vital capacity and patency of the bronchi. To determine the existence ofthe body diffuse pulmonary fibrosis is possible even without the examination, however, the examination is required in order for its results to choose the most effective course of treatment for the disease.
Treatment of diffuse pulmonary fibrosis
The treatment is carried out by several methods. First, the effect of these methods seeks to heal the person from the ills that provoked the appearance in the organism of pulmonary fibrosis.
Treatment can be performed by drug effects or surgery.
Surgical treatments are used only with limited pulmonary fibrosis, fibrosis and cirrhosis and in case of suppuration in the lung tissue. Surgical is removal of the affected area of the lung parenchyma. With the help of surgical method of treatment is the complete elimination of diffuse pulmonary fibrosis.
Treatment with conservative methods, primarily aimed at ensuring the improvement of bronchial patency. For this purpose, use funds that have expectorant action. Further treatment should provide dilution of sputum. In the case of arthritis use medications with bronhospazmolitikami action. The detection of circulatory failure glycosides are used. In case of detection in a patient of severe allergic reactions during the therapeutic measures used steroids.
In the case of frequent occurrence in a patient of bronchitis and pneumonia, the medical specialists recommend the use of antibacterial and anti-inflammatory therapy. In addition to medications, treatment should in its composition to include physiotherapy, oxygen therapy, physiotherapy, and massage the chest. Recommended hardening treatments.