The use of antibiotics in the treatment of angina
Treatment of tonsillitis with antibiotics should be under constant supervision of a physician. Tonsillitis is a bacterial or viral infection, occurring in the tissues of the pharyngeal tonsils. Suppurative process develops the penetration into the organism streptococci or staphylococci. Angina is divided into a follicular or lacunar form, in which pus is accumulated in the gaps or lie on the surface of the tonsils in the form of plaques. Catarrhal angina with similar signs of strep, so few people believed it angina.
Rarer forms of the disease are angina of Simanovsky and defeat tonsils with mononucleosis. Besides purulent discharge, marked pain on swallowing, swelling and redness of the mucous membranes, high body temperature, pain in muscles, joints and head. Very often there is an increase in nearby lymph nodes.
What are the qualities of an antibiotic for the treatment of angina?
The major pathogens for many years have developed resistance to antibiotics. They produce special substances that protect them from the effects of the drug. Especially dangerous in this respect, Staphylococcus aureus. Disease caused by streptococci, may have such consequences as rheumatic fever and glomerulonephritis.
Types of antibiotics used angina
Antibiotic penicillin block the process of metabolism in the shell of the microorganism, resulting in the bacterium loses protection. In addition, stop the flow of nutrients into the nucleus of the bacterial cell that leads to its death. These drugs destroy most species of streptococci, including hemolytic. The receipt of these funds prevents the severe consequences of angina rheumatic fever and kidney failure, leading to disability.
Penicillin antibiotics can be natural (sodium salt of benzylpenicillin), and artificial (Amoxicillin, Ampicillin, Tikarcillina). Applied in the form of injections and tablets. Inhibitorsdisease antibiotics in addition to penicillin contain klavulanova acid that provides the drug resistance to enzymes secreted by bacteria. These drugs destroy the staphylococci, including Staphylococcus.
Antibiotic should completely destroy pathogenic microorganisms and do not collapse under the influence of enzymes secreted by them. For a more comfortable treatment he should be well absorbed into the bloodstream and maintained there in a high concentration not less than 8 hours.
In case you are hypersensitive to penicillin or resistance of pathogenicmicroorganisms are used cephalosporin and macrolides. Drugs, contact substances, components of the cell membrane of bacteria, resulting in the protective shell of the germ is damaged. The drugs of this type include Josamycin and Azithromycin.
The tetracycline antibiotics inhibit the production of proteins in the bacterial cell. Are applied slightly less often, than penicillins and macrolides. Produced in the form of tablets and capsules for oral administration. Aminoglycosides stop the production of a protein in the ribosomes, causing the bacteria dies. To antibiotics of this type include Amikacin, Kanamycin, Gentamicin. Fluoroquinolones - drugs that have a pronounced bactericidal effect against staphylococci. They block the production of enzymes and DNA in the cell of the microbe.
Your child has the first symptoms of angina? Is not necessary to choose drugs for its treatment. Because improper administration of drugs, no good will not bring. Sore throat are not an indication for the use of potent tools. First and foremost, you must consult your doctor who will conduct all necessary tests and identify the causative agent. Antibiotics for sore throat in children are assigned only in case, if it is known that infection caused by bacteria.
Tablets should be taken before meals or 2 hours after a meal. This will ensure better absorption of active ingredients in the intestine. It is very important to take the full course of treatment, taking medication at a certain time. With the disappearance of symptoms stop treatment early is not necessary, in this case, is reached the destruction of all infectious agents.
How to use antibiotics?
These drugs should be taken according to a certain scheme, which is a doctor. Before beginning treatment it is advisable to conduct tests of smears taken from the nose and throat to eliminate other infectious diseases. Unsupervised use of antibiotics can cause allergic reactions and to form subsequent generations of bacteria resistant to the drug. Before prescribing medication is the sowing of purulent secretions in the culture medium to identify infectious agent. However, such analyses are rare, and doctors usually prescribe antibacterial agents broad spectrum.
If you've had an allergic reaction to antibiotics, inform your doctor. The drug is one hour before, or 2 hours after a meal. To drink antibiotics it is necessarywith warm boiled water. It is impossible to wash down medicines fruit juices, because they contained substances hinder the absorption of the drug. Drinking milk after taking antibiotic is also not recommended, because it contained calcium in the interaction with the active substances to form an insoluble salt. For the same reasons you should not take tetracycline together with iron supplementation.
The dosage depends on the age and weight of the patient. Do not exceed the daily doses of the drug so as not to cause intoxication. The rate of application of penicillin lasts about 10 days macrolides - not less than 5. Such a long technique allows completely destroying pathogenic flora and to prevent it from spreading to other organs and tissues.
Antibiotics is recommended in combination with antifungals in order to prevent the development of candidiasis. After the treatment prescribed probiotics to help normalize the intestinal microflora.
The use of antibiotics in children
Sore throats in children are purulent, follicular and necrotic. The first 2 types of diseases are almost the same as that of an adult.
Very effective in the treatment children antibiotic Sumamed. The active ingredient of the drug accumulates in the body and has long-lasting antibacterial effect. Treatment Sumamed lasts only 3 days. Cephalosporins have a devastating effect on many bacteria, and this explains its high efficiency in the treatment of purulent tonsillitis. When selecting antibiotics for the baby should take into account the age of the little patient and test results. Most often, the infection in throat in children are caused by Streptococcus. These microbes are sensitive to the antibiotic penicillin.
One of the most common drugs of this series is Amoxicillin.
This drug has the least set of side effects and can penetrate deeply into tissues and organs. Another positive point is that the Amoxicillin is available in various dosage forms. Because of this, they can treat children of all ages. If the action of the drug is not noted within 3 days, an antibiotic is recommended to be replaced. It is best to introduce antibiotics by injection. This will speed up the recovery of the patient. However, if this is impossible, it is possible to take the pills.
For topical treatment is usually prescribed Bioparox aerosol particles, which penetrate into hard to reach areas of the mucosa and kill the bacteria on the surface. Treatment of children with antibiotics should be complemented with intake of antihistamines. And to after supplementation did not have a goiter, accept lineks or any other probiotics.