The symptoms and treatment of allergic tracheitis in children and adults
Is not always diseases of the upper respiratory tract can be triggered by inflammatory processes in the body. An example of this is allergic bronchitis, which appears on the background tendency of the body to allergic reactions caused by natural factors: dust, micro-particles of animal hair, pollen plants, food production, pharmaceutical and perfume industry, tobacco. The disease may appear on the background of infectious due to a specific reaction to microbial antibodies, penetrating into the body.
Any manifestation of allergic disease is a reaction of the whole organism, therefore, its course, treatment and prevention is a complex and diverse process.
Symptoms of the disease
In addition to frequent paroxysmal cough at the onset of tracheitis caused by an Allergy, a detailed examination, the doctors determine the redness and swelling of the mucous membrane of the throat. Condition, accompanied with a painful cough, similar to the fits of whooping cough, itching, sore throat, hoarseness is the main symptoms of this disease.
Cough I think the main characteristic manifestation of the disease. It usually starts with seizures, with a deep breath, a cry, a sudden change of temperature indices of air and often happens at night. After the fits of coughing patients there is rapid and shallow breathing. Sometimes allergic tracheitis is accompanied by a slight fever, headache and fatigue. The sputum in the early stages of the disease of a minor nature, it has a viscous, slimy condition.
If time does not begin therapeutic activities, discharge can acquire abundant, Muco-purulent. The cough becomes less aggressive, the disease gradually fades, but time may again be exacerbated if the allergen re-enters the body. With timely and proper treatment the prognosis is almost always favorable and no complications in the respiratory system of the body.
Whatever the root cause was triggered by this disease it is always manifested by inflammation of the mucous membrane of the trachea. The factors contributing to the emergence and development of tracheitis include: dust and fumes in the air breathed by people, tobacco smoke, adverse environmental conditions (high humidity or excessive dryness of the air, heat or cold).
Normal is when the inhaled air passes first through the nose where it is warmed andmoistened. The nasal cavity removes the larger particles of dust. They subsequently are removed from the body during sneezing or under the action of the epithelial cilia of the mucosa. If the body undergoes a painful process, or deviated septum, this mechanism fails.
The priority in treatment of allergic bronchitis is the need to find a source that caused an allergic reaction.
After identifying the allergen, the patient should exclude contact with him, then recovery can occur the next day. There are times when it is difficult to identify the causative agent of the allergic process, then the doctors prescribe taking skin tests for sensitivity to allergens and determine appropriate treatment.
Treatment prescribed by a doctor-allergist, is carried out only within the walls of the hospital. Self-medication of this disease or the judgment on the principle of “self-will” is categorically unacceptable. The basis of therapeutic treatment against diseases of tracheitis caused by allergic factors, to receive integrated treatment that is:
- the removal of all causes of allergic reactions;
- deep cleansing of the nasal passages, trachea, throat;
- the improvement of protective properties of the mucous surfaces of the respiratory tract;
- elimination of cough;
- improving the immune system.
Allergic cough in children
More than 50% of children with allergic manifestations of cough. The most easy forms of respiratory allergens include allergic lesions of the upper respiratory tract: laryngitis, tracheitis and pharyngitis. Heavier their form can trigger the development of asthma and allergic pneumonitis.
The most dangerous are the processes caused by food allergens. Allergic tracheitis, the child appears a dry cough, which is accompanied by pain in the chest in the course of the trachea. Allergic processes in the lower respiratory tract characterized by the presence of rales in the lungs, a feeling of heaviness in the chest, difficulty breathing, shortness of breath. When the running state may occur suffocation.
In medical practice, qualify age variability in the predisposition of children to allergens of the following:
- Young children who have frequent cause of allergic cough is a food Allergy.
- Age category children 4 to 6 years of age prone to allergies to household irritants (dust, household chemicals).
- The students who suffer most often allergic toplant pollen.
An important factor that increases the likelihood of the child allergic cough may be a genetic predisposition, frequent respiratory infections, passive Smoking, side effects from overdose of drugs.
As soon as the first symptoms of this disease in a child, for an accurate diagnosis parents are encouraged to be screened in a number of specialists: pediatrician, allergist, otolaryngologist, gastroenterologist and phthisiatrician due to the fact that the cause of the coughing can trigger other diseases, such as infection, inflammation, pathology of the gastrointestinal tract. The main areas of diagnosis are:
- a detailed analysis of the anamnesis;
- General clinical examination;
- special studies, including analysis of the skin samples and the study of respiratory function.
For the treatment of childhood respiratory allergies is required to reduce or eliminate the child's contact with the allergen that caused the symptoms. In the future, is immune therapy and administration of antihistamines. Incredibly useful and effective for children with allergic cough physiotherapy, which includes the ultraviolet radiation in therapeutic dosage, electrophoresis with special drugs and breathing exercises.
In addition, a major role for the prevention of and resistance to this disease in children is hardening and herbal medicine, provided that the child has no allergic reactions to pollen, especially during the period of rapid flowering of some plant species.
The advice of traditional healers
It has long been in the treatment of diseases associated with the respiratory system of a man, actively used folk remedies. Today homeopathy has become a worthy competitor to the pharmaceutical industry offers drugs which are not worse than the industrial medicines help to ease the state of patient with allergic tracheitis.
The main goal pursued by the use of firecast, it is a symptom of cough. To do this, use infusions, mitigating cough: mallow, Althaea officinalis, hollyhocks, Dong Quai and others. Children helping the root of the saxifrage, cooked in milk for half an hour. It is filtered and given in the form of heat.
In severe intoxication, use of herbal formulations: Adonis spring, chokeberry, and hawthorn. They help maintain the heart.
When wet cough will help to ease the patient's conditioninfusions of sage, alder, and oak bark. Good expectorant, recognized rosemary marsh, European wild ginger, yellow melilot, thyme, hyssop.
To reduce the allergic reaction will help rosemary marsh, viola tricolor, common duckweed, lesser duckweed, horsetail, strawberries. As related in the treatment of allergic bronchitis effective are inhalations with buds and leaves of birch.
Do not forget to strengthen the immune system herbal remedies: Echinacea extract, Siberian ginseng, and other adjuvants. It is also impossible to underestimate the role of vitamins, which are rich in seasonal fruits and vegetables.