The symptoms and treatment of tracheitis in adults
One of the inflammatory diseases of the trachea is the trachea in adults whose treatment depends on its etiology and forms of occurrence. Pathology of bacterial or viral etiology can occur in acute, subacute (protracted), allergic, chronic forms. The inflammatory process caused by an allergen, bacterial or viral infection, General weakening of the patient initially covers the region of the upper respiratory tract (tracheitis), and later often spreads to the bronchi and bronchioles (bronchitis).
Symptoms and causes of the disease
Tracheitis, occur in the acute form, in the initial stages manifests the following characteristic symptoms:
- a tickle in the upper respiratory tract;
- prolonged dry paroxysmal cough, causing pain in region of diaphragm;
- shortness of breath, rales in the lungs, shortness of breath;
- increased body temperature;
- in some cases, purulent, mucous or bloody secretions when coughing.
The causative agent of acute tracheitis is most often pneumococcal, streptococcal or staphylococcal infection. Provoking the acute inflammatory response factors for tracheitis may include:
- prolonged hypothermia;
- alcoholic intoxication;
- injuries to upper respiratory tract;
- toxic or allergic effects.
Allergic form of tracheitis develops the long-term presence in the regions with unfavorable ecology, occupational and household contact with allergens. When acute bronchitis is allergic in nature, its symptoms include General weakness, loss of appetite, weight loss, decrease in motor activity, the development of focal pneumonia.
The chronic form of the disease
In cases where treatment of acute tracheitis are not effectively or timely manner, may develop chronic form. Chronic diseases are usually seasonal in nature and manifest themselves in the form of periodic exacerbations or remissions.
Symptoms of chronic bronchitis in the periods of acute illness are similar to symptoms of acute bronchitis, it can occur pathological changes of the mucous membranes of the trachea and lungs, causing pain in the lower part of the throat and lungs. Cough in chronic form of the disease is accompanied by expectoration, often mixed with pus, blood or serous fluid.
Tracheitischronic type usually is a consequence of active Smoking and working in dusty conditions with lack of ventilation.
Tracheitis in children
In children, pathology is often a complication of SARS. Risk factors for the development of bronchitis in babies is also considered:
- congestion in the pulmonary vessels;
- disruption of the functioning of the tonsils.
Main symptoms in children:
- dry cough;
- dry pulmonary rales;
- deterioration of the General condition;
- short-term hyperthermia.
Child with these signs should immediately show the pediatrician. After all, only a doctor can accurately diagnose, otlichij bronchitis from other diseases with similar symptoms (cold or laryngitis).
Diagnosis and treatment of the disease
Diagnosis of tracheitis starts with a medical history of conversation with the patient. After that are required to be:
- listening to the upper respiratory tract (auscultation);
- tapping the chest (percussion);
- General examination of the patient;
- a comprehensive analysis of the immune system;
- pulmonary radiography;
- General analysis of blood;
- laboratory examination of sputum (bacterial analysis);
After diagnosis and determination of the form of tracheitis treatment. Treatment involves a range of activities. To treat the tracheitis it is necessary by performing the following tasks:
- symptoms of tracheitis;
- improvement of the General condition of the body;
- restoration of impaired immune status;
- preventing dangerous consequences of tracheitis.
Therefore, treatment of tracheitis in adults and children is complex. The treatment is customized depending on anamnestic data and the General condition of the patient.
Effective treatment may include:
- anti-inflammatory drugs;
Antihistamines block the receptors specific mediator of metabolic processes (histamine) that allows you to resolve a number of painful manifestations in the body. In particular, these include inflammation, itching, swelling, spasms, allergic reactions, pain.
Because the pathology oftenaccompanied by disturbances of blood circulation and heart function, high blood pressure, shortness of breath, patient in the tracheitis treatment including medicines to restore normal functioning of all body systems. Infants may be assigned to conduct the dehydration by using gipotiazida and similar means.
In addition to the drugs the patient assigned procedures such as:
- a hot compress;
- foot bath;
A severe form of tracheitis treated with oxygen therapy, i.e. administration of oxygen using special equipment.
Regime and diet during treatment
During the treatment the patient is recommended bed rest. The room in which the patient must be frequently ventilated and carry out wet cleaning. The thing to remember is that overheating the patient during treatment of tracheitis as dangerous as hypothermia.
Absolutely contraindicated in:
- stressful situation;
- physical activity;
- the use of alcoholic beverages.
Nutrition in the treatment should be balanced. It is recommended to include in your daily diet dairy products, honey, butter, fruits and vegetables, boiled meat. Food should be warm. Hot and cold food and drinks is contraindicated.
From the diet should exclude fried and spicy food, and highly allergenic foods.
The possible consequences of tracheitis
Well-timed, properly selected, carefully observe the course of treatment allows to quickly cure tracheitis. However, because of possible relapses after recovery to observe a mode of excluding the influence of precipitating factors, excessive hypothermia, Smoking, alcohol consumption, etc.
Good effect to prevent recurrence will have a tempering procedure, proper nutrition and regular walks in the fresh air.