The main cure of pulmonary tuberculosis
Cure of pulmonary tuberculosis are being developed for a long time. The disease began to heal in the last century, but from which it arises and how to prevent the emergence of pulmonary tuberculosis, most people still unknown. But the most important thing is not to run the disease and do not delay treatment for later, otherwise it may come to be fatal. Therefore, you should first understand the causes of tuberculosis, its symptoms, and then begin to treat. And the most important thing to remember about all methods of prevention to reduce the risk of infection.
General information on tuberculosis
Tuberculosis is an infectious disease that is dangerous for humans and for the animal. It is transmitted by airborne droplets during talking, sneezing, coughing. Earlier the disease was called tuberculosis (from the word wither), until the 20th century it was considered fatal. Tuberculosis occurs as a result of some species of mycobacteria. From the name of this disease can understand what it occurs inside the lungs, but can affect other organs, where the bacteria will be feeling great.
It happens that the disease is asymptomatic. But 10 out of 100 people have pronounced symptoms of the disease. Despite these figures, tuberculosis remains the most common disease in the world. As the 20th century began to treat this disease, in most economically developed countries, the threshold mortality rate has dropped many times. Most of the disease affects children and women, to a lesser extent, men. Worldwide, nearly 9 million people sick with TB, of which one-third die from disease. Aggravating circumstances for the disease are unfavourable living conditions, transmission through blood transfusion or AIDS.
The causative agent of this disease is a human or bovine form of the corresponding Mycobacterium tuberculosis. For the first time the strain was isolated scientist Robert Koch, that's why it got the name "tubercle Bacillus." Did not yet know how the bacteria destroy. Most sick rural residents due to the fact that this pathogen could be in cattle, the meat of which was eaten. This contributed to the spread of infection.
Ways of penetration of the disease in the human body are well known:
- Eating infected food (now rare).
- Airborne droplets.
Bacilli enter through the respiratory tract and settle in the lymph nodes. They then penetrate into the blood and it migrated to different parts of the bodiesthe number where they can live and multiply: lungs, kidneys, eyes, and so on. And here comes the human immune system. If it is not weakened, the immunity fairly quickly resolves the problem and does not allow the bacteria to develop further. But if the body was recently been subject to some disease that the immune system is weakened, the risk of Contracting TB increases.
Symptoms of pulmonary tuberculosis
The flow of many diseases is accompanied by a number of symptoms, but this does not apply to tuberculosis of the lungs. Sometimes it can occur without symptoms (passive) or oligosymptomatic. In such cases, it is required that the person held such procedures as:
All procedures involve the chest.
But there are symptoms of this lung disease, which are difficult to overlook:
- the temperature does not rise above 37 degrees;
- the increase in fatigue;
- sleep disorders;
- very strong sweating, especially at night;
- pallor of the skin;
- poor appetite or lack of it;
- rapid weight loss;
- cough with bloody sputum (may not be);
- severe pain in the chest area;
- shortness of breath;
- runny nose.
When these symptoms the person should go immediately to the doctor (pulmonologist, TB specialist). The doctor will examine and identify the lymphadenopathy. If a patient had symptoms like pain in the chest and cough with blood, it is a sign of the advanced stage of the disease, and the lungs need immediate treatment.
Sometimes to identify more specific information about the stage of the disease surgical intervention is necessary. You need to collect sputum from the patient and in a special container to deliver it to the diagnostic center where they will conduct a series of tests. In order to quickly diagnose and identify at what stage is the defeat of the bronchi, the patients undergo a procedure known as lavage of the bronchi.
But there are a number of contraindications that should be followed. The elderly need to do this procedure with extreme care and caution. Forbidden her to do, and people who suffer from bronchial asthma, cardiovascular insufficiency and other diseases related to heart. Then you can assign a gastric lavage, biopsy, bronchi, pleura, and more.
A biopsy surgeons do to identify Mycobacterium tuberculosis. It often happens that the patientplease study the spinal cord in order to exclude tuberculous meningitis.
Treatment of pulmonary tuberculosis
Treatment for this disease lasts for about six months. Prescribed drugs for the treatment of tuberculosis. This is usually from three to five medications from all sides begin to attack mycobacteria.
The doctor prescribes different antibiotics and expectorants drugs.
And the only way, at the same time and long, it is possible to eliminate the disease without any complications.
In addition to that, the doctor will prescribe chemicals that are fighting for the life of the body, a person needs to perform and generally accepted recommendations, in order to get faster on legs:
- to take medications that strengthen immunity;
- to do special breathing exercises;
- to go to physical therapy;
- to comply with bed rest;
- to consume more vitamins and minerals.
If a person has advanced stage of the disease, then we need a surgeon who will remove the cancerous part of the lung. But better not to bring themselves to such extreme measures.
With regard to prevention, everything is pretty clear. In early childhood a person receives a vaccination called BCG. If there are no contraindications, it has been going on 3-7 day in the hospital, then at 7 and 14 years.
Provided that the child has no negative Mantoux test. Every inhabitant of this planet must undergo a procedure such as fluoroscopy, at least once a year. If the doctor notices a reaction to the vaccine skin test, the TB doctor offers to take a small course of treatment. If the patient refuses, it is often he because of this, there immune tuberculous intoxication.
Most often this disease affects people from 20 to 40 years. But this does not mean that children and the elderly out of danger. If a person observes all of the above symptoms that do not disappear within two to three weeks, he should see a doctor. It is important not to run the disease and do not ignore these symptoms, and then treatment will take place quickly and without any complications. Tuberculosis – a social disease and requires special attention. If the person does not have symptoms of TB, it does not mean that he is not sick. It can simply be a carrier of a disease and their disease and not be aware of.
People should not forget about safety precautions and to constantly strengthen your body. Prevention of disease includes proper nutrition, active rest, daily exercise, hardening and more. Only with a healthy body and strong immune system can protect yourself fromsuch deadly diseases as tuberculosis. Human health is the most important thing on the planet.
The main thing – not to miss the warning signals, which gives us our body. Hearing them, people will be able to protect yourself and your loved ones from certain death.