Wondering whether bronchitis is contagious or not
If someone in the family fell ill with bronchitis, immediately raises a logical question: for others bronchitis contagious or not? Bronchitis can be caused by bacterial or viral infection, and can occur as a variety of allergies.
The last case is not contagious, provided that other family members are not allergic to the same stimulus, which affected patients. Viral and bacterial infection can be involved in the development of the disease separately or together. The time from infection until the first signs of illness is called the incubation period.
During the incubation period the person is the source of viruses and bacteria to others. It is sick and may already spread the infection, but symptoms of the disease yet. Depending on the condition of the immune system and the type of the causative agent of bronchitis incubation period can be from one to five days.
Protection against bronchitis
Often the first cause of the disease bronchitis is the parainfluenza virus or the adenovirus. High temperatures can keep the victim from two to ten days, during this time the immune system is actively fighting against pathogens. During this period of being infected by a person through airborne droplets, when using shared utensils, kissing and inhaling the same air.
Bronchitis is contagious and is accompanied by a first dry, then wet cough, during which the victim actively emit into the environment viruses and bacteria. In order for the treatment of bronchitis went quickly and without complications, you need to contact either a specialist.
Acute bronchitis is contagious and occurs with many unpleasant and reduces the efficiency of the symptoms, so an adult must take sick leave for a period of ten to fourteen days for health and children to give up at this time, from kindergarten and school. Can you get bronchitis after the person goes down a fever? Can, all depends who comes in contact with. What categories of people most vulnerable to infection:
- people after surgical operations, after a long illness;
- pregnant women;
- children up to three years, especially newborns up to one month;
- persons with weakened immune systems, people living with HIV, suffering from chronic diseases, cancer, weakened after injury.
To protect those people for whom the bronchitis is definitely contagious, they need to limit contact and communication withthe ill person. If this is not possible, you need to use a respirator for protection of nose and throat.
The simplest variant of a respirator mask, which is sold in any pharmacy. Bronchitis is transmitted by airborne droplets, so only need to use individual dishes, not to drink from the same Cup, eat off the same fork. Some families do not understand the importance of personal hygiene to the extent that the baby is given food, already been chewed by someone from adults. To prevent such a thing is impossible in any case.
Each person has a set of bacterial symbionts, i.e. the set of useful or conditionally pathogenic microorganisms. By close contact, for example, the couple or the mother and baby, this set becomes common. Communication with the secondary relatives should not imply such a dense exchange of microorganisms. Each family member's individual use must be:
- clean dishes, which no one ate;
- for the child dummy and bottle.
Unfortunately, often irresponsible mother begin to lick the nipple from a bottle or a pacifier before giving it to the child (for example, if a pacifier fell on the floor before). This behavior may provoke in the best case of indigestion, and at worst weaken the immune system. In children and adults who do not observe rules of hygiene, more likely to get infected from a person with bronchitis.
Diet for bronchitis
In order to support the immune system surrounding family members, it is useful at the time of illness to cook meals that contain:
- fresh greens, parsley, green onions, dill.
Recent studies have shown that the role of vitamin C in strengthening the immune system were not as significant as was considered last twenty years. However, the use of lemon, lime or tangerine is helpful in any case. Spices, herbs and garlic to add to food after completion of the primary heat treatment, i.e. directly before use. This way will save the maximum of useful properties.
Prolonged cooking herbs not only loses its flavor but loses most of the vitamins. With ginger can be prepared not only tea, but also soups, main dishes. The taste was pleasant, you need to purchase fresh ginger root and finely cut. How many days is bronchitis contagious can only tell the doctor. Without proper treatment, the disease can become chronic in both adults and children.
For chronic bronchitis the temperature is above 38.5 degrees is not typical, usually it is either notincreased, or is increased to 37.5 degrees.
In chronic bronchitis there is a remission when the person is not contagious. During remission the patient is suffering from severe cough, fever or swelling of the respiratory tract. Then comes a relapse, during which there are all typical symptoms of bronchitis:
- wet cough with expectoration of large amounts of phlegm;
- weakness, headache, pain in the muscles;
- spasms of coughing, choking, lingering cough that is difficult to stop yourself.
In remission, the probability of contamination is small enough for an adult with a strong immune system and it is missing. During a relapse there is the same chance to transmit the disease, as in acute bronchitis.
How to quickly deal with bronchitis in a child?
Treatment of children should be a paediatrician on an individual basis. Do not give your child antibiotics or other drugs, if its a classmate or classmates from kindergarten was "something similar".
Prescriptions should not happen in droves, but separately in each case.
Children who are not sick with bacterial bronchitis, it is not necessary to take antibiotics for prevention. Many mothers don't understand that medicines are selected depending on the specific type of pathogen. If you apply the medicine not on purpose, it won't do any good.
Bronchitis can give a lot of unpleasant complications. If the temperature of the patient fails to reduce during the week, it allows to suspect the infection spread down the respiratory tract. Potentially bronchitis can cause inflammation of the lungs, often in children bronchitis is accompanied by otitis. Any infection in the ear occurs through the Eustachian tube. To avoid complications and as quickly as possible to cope with the disease, you must consult a competent pediatrician. To use the methods of traditional medicine on children is possible only by agreement with the doctor.
If the child has fever, cannot be applied on the area of the bronchi, no hot packs, socks with heated salt, hot water bottles, mustard and pepper patches. This contributes to the spread of the inflammation into deeper layers of tissue. Only a day after the temperature steadily normalized, can be applied on prescription these methods.
Foot bath with mustard or herbs you can use in a day after lowering the temperature.
Prevention of bronchitis
The victim must provide rest and bed rest all the timedisease. In school and in kindergarten not to go with other children not to play.
Mothers often allow the child to attend school, but not forbidden to play with other children and go for a walk. At this time children are infected from each other, especially on the playgrounds. During illness, it is sufficient to ventilate the room, you can refuse to walk. The child is not contracted bronchitis from a playmate, we need to strengthen his immune system.