Needed medication for bronchitis in adults
Cure for bronchitis in adults selected depending on the causes of illness, nature of symptoms, presence of complications, age of the patient and the skill of the doctor. List of drugs applicable for the treatment of adult patients more extensive than the list of medicines used in the treatment of children. Some tools are strictly prohibited for medical therapy for bronchitis in children.
The answer to the question, what are the best drugs to use for treatment of bronchitis, no. Every doctor approaches treatment differently. Sometimes you need a combination of different means. Often patients ask the question, do I need to take antibiotics in this disease. Recent studies have shown that the abuse of antibacterial drugs can lead to the fact that microorganisms will develop resistance to drugs. Such cases do take place.
The reason for this phenomenon lies in the fact that patients often assign themselves antibacterial agents of bronchitis, but choose the wrong dosage or take it when it is not required. Such self-treatment is harmful and makes it difficult to further treatment with drugs of this group. But in some cases, this disease really can not do without antibiotics.
How to distinguish bronchitis?
Under the bronchitis involve inflammation of the bronchi, as a result of aggressive exposure to pathologic microorganisms, and other factors. Causes of bronchitis:
- hemophilic Bacillus;
Cause of bronchitis may be the work connected with toxic substances, such as acetone, varnishes, paints. Smoking and living in polluted region may also provoke the disease. People with allergies may be allergic bronchitis. Often, the disease develops on the background of a mixed pathogenic flora. For example, to replace viral bacterial bronchitis comes. The disease can occur in acute or chronic form.
Disease recognition is possible by the characteristic symptoms, one of which is a cough. In acute bronchitis in the first days the cough is usually dry, barking relentlessly. From this state the patient can not sleep. Body temperature often reach 38-39 degrees. After a few days the cough becomes moist, and expectoration begins to move away. Color of mucus is clear or yellow-green, if the disease is triggered by a bacterialinfection.
Except for the cough the patient feels malaise, weakness, fatigue, headaches. In 1-2 days after the onset of the disease may experience pain in the chest, muscles, a burning sensation behind the breastbone. Shortness of breath is one of the major signs of the inflammatory process in the bronchi, when it is required immediate treatment. Bronchitis lasts 2 to 3 weeks but occasionally complications may require more time for recovery.
Suspect chronic bronchitis when the cough is present for more than three months a year for several years. Unlike the acute form, chronic form of bronchitis is accompanied by a dull, deep cough, worse in the morning. Thus there is copious sputum. Body temperature can rise, but only slightly. Chronic bronchitis alternating periods of exacerbation and remission.
Initiation of treatment
As with any other disease, bronchitis treatment is prescribed after examination. As cough may be present in tuberculosis, lung cancer, allergies, heart pathologies, it is necessary to make a diagnosis. It is, first and foremost, auscultation (listening to lungs) and blood and urine tests. In addition to the analysis prescribed x-ray the lungs. With obstructive bronchitis, doctors recommend to make a spirograph.
For those who have very often is exacerbated by disease, conducted a bronchoscopy, to exclude other diseases of the respiratory system. These diagnostic procedures must be added to sputum for the presence of pathogens. This will help you select the right antibiotic to which you are sensitive harmful microorganisms. In some cases, analyzing blood for antibodies to chlamydia and Mycoplasma.
Patients with suspected bronchitis should stop Smoking and alcohol abuse. These bad habits have a negative impact on the process of treatment and recovery. Smoking can complicate the already difficult symptoms of the disease. People working in hazardous enterprise, and regularly inhaling toxic vapors, you may need to change jobs. If the bronchitis is caused by polluted air, especially for people living in large Metropolitan areas, should consider a change of residence. Otherwise, the disease will manifest itself more and more often.
The selection of essential drugs
Drugs must choose a doctor depending on the nature of severity of the disease, its causes and age of the patient. It is very important to follow all the doctor's recommendations and do not exceedorder quickly to recover. In the treatment of bronchitis used drugs with such effects:
Drugs from bronchitis are divided into two groups. Some are called causal, it means that this class of drugs eliminating the cause of the disease. Another group of drugs belong to the symptomatic class. Symptomatic remedies to help ease or completely eliminate the symptoms of this disease.
Antibacterial agents from bronchitis (antibiotics) are prescribed only when bacterial form of the disease.
In viral lesion of the bronchi, they are useless. Make expectorant syrups or tablets is important for the release of mucus. They are usually prescribed at the onset of wet cough. Mucolytic drugs have an effect in three directions. First, they affect the viscosity of sputum, and secondly, stepping up its withdrawal as expectorants. And, thirdly, reduce the number of pathogenic mucus.
Receive bronchodilatory drugs is important in order to relieve bronchospasm and to facilitate breathing, especially during panting. Antiseptic can be used for inhalation. Immunostimulatory drugs produced in the form of tablets and drops. They are designed to strengthen the protective functions of the organism.
List the drugs used
The market of medical products offers a variety of antibacterial drugs to treat bronchitis. They are divided into pharmacological groups:
To a number of penicillin are drugs called Augmentin, Amoxicillin, flemoksin. Cephalosporin is Cefazolin, Cefixime, Cefuroxime, Cefaclor Klaforan. The names of the macrolides: Clarithromycin, Erythromycin, Macropen, Rovamycin, Melipramin, Azithromycin. Fluoroquinolones: Levofloxacin, Moxifloxacin, Sparfloxacin.
Best remedy for bronchitis, which are sensitive pathogenic microorganisms that caused the disease. In acute bronchitis use drugs from a number of penicillin. Chronic obstructive bronchitis is treated with the use of macrolides. In the absence of a sputum smear can be used macrolides broad-spectrum.
Cephalosporins recommended in the case where the microorganisms have developed resistance to penicillin number of drugs.Usually this group of drugs did not cause adverse effects, well tolerated and rarely cause allergies. Because of this variety of medication, self-medication becomes counterproductive. Therefore, medication for bronchitis should be carried out after consultation with your doctor.
The use of expectorants
Expectorant drugs usually prescribed after the cough becomes wet. Dry cough in the first days used medicines with antitussive effect. Effective means that help to make the phlegm liquid, powder ACC. For adults dosage shown ACC 200, ACC-600. The drug is well tolerated and is used in chronic bronchitis. Drawback: people with gastric ulcer and duodenal ulcer, it is contraindicated.
Tool Ambroxol is available as syrup and tablets. The drug reduces the viscosity of mucus, has sekretomotornym and expectorant effect. Treatment Amboroxol should be no longer than 5 days. With prolonged use there can be negative consequences such as nausea, vomiting and gastralgia.
Prospan - syrup is plant-based, has antispasmodic, Praticello, mucolytic action. You can drink and use for inhalation. The course of treatment is 7 days. Treatment Propanol shown in acute and chronic form of bronchitis. The syrup is combined with the use of antibiotics.
Bronchodilator drugs for diseases of the respiratory tract should be used very carefully as they all have side effects. In this disease can assign: Salbutamol, Aminophylline, and Ipratropium bromide. A combined preparation is Bronholitin. Ephedrine dilates the bronchi, and oil of Basil has antimicrobial, antispasmodic and sedative effects. Compatible with antibiotics and antipyretic agents.