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The symptoms and treatment of pharyngitis and laryngitis

Inflammatory diseases of the throat, pharyngeal region, the larynx and vocal cords, such as pharyngitis, laryngitis, often included in the group of acute respiratory, viral or colds. In some cases, the symptoms of these diseases, that is, inflammation of the throat, larynx or vocal cords, may occur during General hypothermia, severe allergic reactions or poisoning by local aggressive chemicals.

problema zabolevaniya gorla

The main reasons for the development of pharyngitis and laryngitis

Inflammation of the tissues of the mouth and throat and further spread of the disease process in the area of the larynx and vocal cords can be caused by a number of factors, such as:

  • General weakening of the body;
  • viral, fungal or bacterial infection;
  • General or local hypothermia;
  • the effect of chemically active substances;
  • allergic reaction;
  • overexertion of the vocal cords;
  • stress, chronic fatigue syndrome.

Symptoms of pharyngitis

allergiya - prichina faringitaThe symptoms of strep throat include pain while swallowing food or water, increased sensitivity of the mucous membranes of the mouth and throat. In addition, there is a sore and dry throat, General weakness, slight cough, slight fever, hearing loss. Very often blocked ears and coughing gives pain in one or both ears. At a palpation region of the tonsils and throat pain, lymph nodes increased in size, also there is pain in the lower jaw.

Chronic pharyngitis can occur without much increase in temperature or obvious symptoms. The main symptoms of the inflammatory process are: frequent dry cough, feeling of dryness or a lump in the throat, swallowing, appearance of pus or mucus on the internal walls of the pharynx.

The transition pharyngitis chronic the most probable in the case of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, for example, gastritis, pancreatitis, cholecystitis. Inflammation of the pharynx can occur as a result of Smoking, chronic rhinitis, disorders of nasal breathing, frequent colds.

Characteristics and symptoms of laryngitis

vidy faringitaLaryngitis, in contrast to pharyngitis, is an inflammatory disease of the larynx, involving the vocal cords, that is, when the disease laryngitis the inflammatory process shifts to the pulmonary region. Inflammation of the larynx may occur due to exhaustionbacterial, viral or fungal infection, common cold, allergic reactions, exposure to dust or toxic volatile chemicals into the larynx or upper Airways.

Symptoms of laryngitis include:

  1. Pain in the larynx, dryness in the throat and trouble swallowing.
  2. Loss of ability to speak or crackling voices.
  3. Compression of the larynx, feeling of presence of foreign object in the throat.
  4. The urge to cough, the spasms in sharp breaths.
  5. Pain in the throat, scratchy cough.
  6. In acute course of the disease possible severe increase in body temperature.

Treatment of pharyngitis and laryngitis: General guidelines

polza poloskaniya dlya gorlaAll medical procedures and the drugs administered for the treatment of laryngitis or pharyngitis, are warming, anti-inflammatory, antiviral or antibacterial effect. Because pharyngitis and laryngitis are inflammatory diseases of the nasopharynx and often have similar causes and symptoms, their treatment takes place at about the same scheme. Especially when inflammation of the mucous membranes of various areas of the nasopharynx is caused by a viral infection of the respiratory system.

For the treatment of inflammation of the mucosa of the pharynx (pharyngitis) or of the mucosa of the larynx (laryngitis), caused by a viral infection, apply:

  • frequent rinsing with warm decoctions of herbs: chamomile, St. John's wort, sage, oak bark;
  • warm baths for the feet;
  • warming neck wraps;
  • inhalation;
  • warming physiotherapy.

polza teplyh vann dlya nogOn the recommendation of a doctor the patient will receive drugs to eliminate inflammation and pain in the throat, special complexes of vitamins, tonic preparations.

In addition, the patient should:

  • more silent;
  • keep warm feet and throat;
  • at high temperatures to stay in bed, get plenty of sleep.

The patient should be in a warm, often-ventilated area with the observance of a comfortable thermal mode. Required frequent wet cleaning to avoid aspiration into the respiratory tract of dust particles and substances that cause allergic reactions. During treatment room for the patient should be released from plants and is closed to Pets.

Treatment of pharyngitis and laryngitis: differences

lekarstva dlya lecheniya faringitaIf strep throat develops due to bacterial infection, it is treated with antibiotics. Viral pharyngitis, in addition to the abovemethods, is treated with the use of decongestants (antihistamines) medicines. Specific treatment plans shall be prepared by the audiologist individually, depending on the form of the disease.

In chronic pharyngitis requires treatment with an alkaline gargle (for example, with a solution of baking soda) and processing of the affected area with a solution of nitrate of silver.

Laryngitis may not only be of viral origin. In addition, it strikes a deep region of the nasopharynx, i.e. the larynx. Therefore, the laryngitis caused by overexertion of the vocal cords, irritating effects of nicotine or toxic gases, hypothermia, treated using medicines, providing the liquefaction of mucus (mucolytics), antimicrobial sprays and concoctions of chest gathering and licorice root.

Successful treatment and absence of unpleasant consequences of pharyngitis and laryngitis are largely dependent on correct diagnosis and determine the form of the disease in a particular patient. Therefore, self-treatment of these diseases is unacceptable and even dangerous.

To treat these ailments should only be under the constant supervision of a specialist-an otolaryngologist (ENT doctor).

Nutrition during illness

polza sody pri faringiteNutrition in the treatment of laryngitis and pharyngitis is of great importance. Therefore, the diet for the patient should be prepared taking into account the recommendations of the attending physician. This is necessary to speed up the recovery and avoid irritating food to the affected areas of the mucous membrane of the throat.

Proper nutrition of the patient pharyngitis or laryngitis includes sparse porridge, fat broths and soups, vegetable purees. You must eat fresh fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C, essential oils, volatile, bioflavonoids.

Food should be prepared with the use of such vegetable oils as:

  • corn;
  • soy;
  • olive;
  • sesame;
  • sunflower;
  • linen;
  • pumpkin.

All of these oils have a nourishing and effective anti-inflammatory effect on the affected areas of the mucous membrane of the throat. In addition, the diet of the patient must include iodine-rich seaweed. It is highly useful antimicrobial effect of onion and garlic. Last in the early stages of treatment it is better to use in pickled or boiled form to exclude irritating.

It is advisable to consume pureed foods, and to exclude mechanical damage of the affected areas of solid particles taken products. Accept food should only be warm. There need little but often, so as not to overextend inflamedareas in swallowing. You also need plenty of warm drinks: weak tea, milk, sour juices, broth hips. Good therapeutic effect is to add honey to hot drinks.

The patient should:

  1. Eliminate hot and cold dishes.
  2. To refuse food, irritating the mucous membrane of the nasopharynx: acute, salty, spicy, sour, fried.
  3. Eliminate from the diet coffee, alcoholic and carbonated drinks.
  4. To abandon the use of dry food: biscuits, waffles, cakes, cookies.

Preventive measures

To prevent pharyngitis and laryngitis is possible with the right lifestyle, avoiding harmful habits, hardening, proper nutrition and reducing contact with natural and man-made allergens.