Treatment and prevention of sinusitis in children
Even when running cold timely treatment of sinusitis in children will help to prevent severe complications. The main thing - time to identify the symptoms and accurately to fulfill all the requirements of a doctor.
The causes of the disease
Sinusitis is an infectious inflammation of the mucous membranes of the maxillary sinuses. The causes of the disease are the complications:
- viral infectious diseases, influenza;
- a severe cold;
- allergic inflammation;
- severe bruising of the nose;
- low tone of the blood vessels of the nose;
- inflammation of the adenoids;
- stomatitis and dental caries;
- congenital abnormalities of the nasal septum.
The main symptom of sinusitis is a strong congestion of one or both nostrils.
The disease is acute or chronic. In the acute form is swollen and sore face. Chronic - remission replaced exacerbations. When chronic sinusitis in the running form, the mucous membranes of the nose lose their protective properties.
In catarrhal sinusitis nasal discharge are absent. Stuffy nose breathing, inflamed periosteum. This is the initial stage of the disease.
If left untreated, comes the second stage. From the sinuses is allocated purulent mucus. They are greenish, unpleasant smell.
Symptoms and possible complications
In children of different age symptoms of sinusitis can vary greatly. A well-known fact that infants with this disease do not suffer.
Symptoms of the disease in children three years of manifests: children become cranky, lethargic, sometimes lethargic, lose their appetite. When sinusitis is often a swelling of part or all of the face, eyes turning into slits.
Children over five years old complain of frequent headaches; clicking on the swelling on my face feel great pain; reduced sense of smell. The appearance of the night coughing indicates that the disease has moved into the chronic form.
Adolescents also observed pain in the forehead and temporal lobes; teeth hurt, it hurts to chew; a fever; his cheeks redden and swell; the voice becomes nasal, hoarse. When it begins to hurt and tickle the throat, sinusitis becomes chronic.
Not necessary to treat illness in a child by yourself.
This can cause various serious complications: chronic sinusitis, tonsillitis, pneumonia, bronchitis, Pontica, ethmoiditis, otitis.
Sometimes complications affect seemedwould not associated with the nose system. Possible:
- lesions of the brain (meningitis, encephalitis);
- pathology of the heart (myocarditis);
- diseases of the joints (arthritis, rheumatism);
- kidney disease;
- blood poisoning.
The necessary conditions for treatment
To cure sinusitis only by a qualified pediatric otolaryngologist. Before how to treat sinusitis in children, is assigned a series of laboratory tests to determine the causes of a child's disease, an x-ray of the nose, which will help to make the correct diagnosis.
Based on all results, the doctor will develop a proper and effective treatment, prescribe the necessary medications.
For the treatment of sinusitis, with the exception of severe cases, do not have to be in the hospital. The child may be at home.
During this period you must follow a constant purity in his room. From time to time, in the absence of the child, to ventilate the room. The air must be clean and fresh.
Treatment of sinusitis in children is carried out with the use of pharmaceutical medicines, traditional medicine. In parallel, it is useful to do the washing of the sinuses. In exceptional cases require surgical aid.
Mandatory drug treatment is done by:
- Antibiotics. They reduce the inflammation.
- Decongestant. Relieve swelling of the mucosa, eliminate nasal congestion.
- Antihistamines. Relieve swelling of the mucosa of the sinuses, enhance the action of antibiotics.
- Of a vasoconstrictor. Promote the excretion of mucus.
- Thinning means. Thin purulent mucous discharge from the nose.
- Antiseptic drugs. Disinfected sinus and nasal passages.
- Antipyretic drugs, which are used at high temperature (above 38 degrees Celsius).
A good addition in the treatment is traditional medicine. Their use for the treatment of children yields positive results, accelerates the cure of sinusitis.
Nose buried natural antivirus and antibacterial agents: fresh carrot juice, viburnum juice with honey, strong natural antibiotics - fresh onions and garlic.
Very helpful in the treatment of sinusitis, lavage of the sinuses. In any clinic there is a specialist who makes the "cuckoo". This is a rich antiseptic irrigation of the nose with saline. The course of treatment is five days. The procedure is very effective. After the first washing little patients feel much better.
Administered to children from the age of five."Cuckoo" is contraindicated in patients with epilepsy and suffering from frequent bleeding from the nose.
The procedure can be performed at home. To rinse the sinuses suitable pharmacy or homemade salt solutions with addition of iodine. You can also prepare salt solutions of purified sea salt. Not less efficient to rinse with warm green tea, infusions of herbs, weak solution of potassium permanganate.
Prevention of the disease
To avoid getting sinusitis, it is necessary to treat viral colds and runny nose. Monitor the condition of the teeth, of the oral cavity. In addition, it is recommended to timely remove the adenoids and other congenital disorders of the nose.
And another important condition is the hardening of the child. It will save from frequent colds, strengthen the immune system.