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Whether taking antibiotics for cough in children?

Are antibiotics for cough in children? This question excites many parents. With the autumn and winter season, almost all begin to suffer bouts of painful coughing. And mainly in the pharmacy choose the antibiotics, thanks to which you can forget about this symptom. But there are cases where such treatment does not always gives a positive result. Sometimes they do more harm than good.

problema kashlya u rebenka

Different types of cough

Cough is a symptom that manifests itself after or before you start the inflammatory process of the Airways or lungs. Children suffer from this disease in autumn or winter. But it should be noted that the cough may not occur because of illness, and as a result of misdiagnosis. Nowadays medical workers depending on the frequency of occurrence of there are several types of cough. So:

  1. Bronchitis in children can be observed a periodic cough, and if it starts to develop pleurisy, there is a specific dry sore.
  2. When the barking cough is the irritation of the larynx.
  3. Hoarse cough is due to inflammation of the vocal cords, and can even be seizures, which are a consequence of pertussis.
  4. The most common is an allergic cough, it can be determined directly by the process of elimination.
  5. Still want to mention the cough that may occur due to contact with the throat of a foreign body.

allergiya - prichina kashlyaIf the child has a doctors set allergic type of cough, it must immediately be treated since it can lead to the development of asthma.

When it is necessary to give antibiotics to children with cough? To cost to remember that if there has been mechanical damage to the larynx or disease, which is associated with the virus, then severe coughing antibiotics will not help. And even as experts say, can hurt, as there will be disturbed intestinal flora, will fail in the kidneys and liver. And still be an unpleasant consequence of a weakened immune system and dysbacteriosis. Therefore they give antibiotics to the child, it is best to seek the help of a specialist who will prescribe medication designed just for children. Mostly pediatricians prescribed antibiotics for the treatment of:

  • acute chronic bronchitis;
  • pneumonia;
  • pleurisy;
  • tuberculosis;
  • diseases caused by bacteria.

If the child has identified acute bronchitis, with dry cough antibiotic will not help. In this case, you must usedrugs with a narrow specialty, who are appointed after completing the full examination: a study of sputum and determine the response of the organism to antibiotics dry cough. If a dry cough is a symptom of one of the above diseases, it is possible to achieve effective treatment, so as to improve the discharge of phlegm and reduce the cough reflex.

Effective antibiotics for cough in children

doksiciklin dlya lecheniya kashlyaHere is the list of antibiotics recommended for children:

  1. Aminopenicillin. Due to its composition, these medicines can destroy the walls of bacteria and thereby contribute to their death. However, there are contraindications, in particular, are not recommended to take them for those who have there are problems with the gastrointestinal tract, have kidney disease or are allergic to individual components.
  2. Tetracycline affects protein synthesis. Mostly doctors prescribed "Doxycycline". This drug should not be given to children under 8 years old, diagnosed with liver problems.
  3. Macrolides - less toxic group of antibiotics and thereby providing an antimicrobial effect. Pediatricians most commonly prescribed "Azithromycin" and "Roxithromycin". Of these drugs have contra-indications: not recommended for the patients with liver problem and the person, there is intolerance of separate components of the drug.
  4. Fluoroquinolones is a group of antibiotics that can resist the formation of new pathogenic organisms. The most common drug is "Levofloxacin", it should not be prescribed to children suffering from epileptic fits, allergies. "Moxifloxacin" do not appoint those who have there is an allergic reaction to individual components and children up to 8 years.

Rules of antibiotics

azitromicin dlya lecheniya kashlyaFor the effective reception of antibiotics it is necessary to follow some rules:

  1. The course of treatment to a maximum of 7-9 days.
  2. In strict order, try to observe the interval of taking the drug, it is necessary in order to maintain the level of concentration of medication in the blood.
  3. If within 48 hours the effect is not observed, replace the drug with another drug.
  4. Must follow all the doctor's orders. In any case, do not throw to take medication after significant improvement in the condition of the child. A course of antibiotics you must finish all.

In no case do not self-medicate, especially need to be careful with antibiotics.

In severe casesparents self-diagnosing is not able, even if you re-read a number of books: it is able to be done only by a qualified technician.

poloskanie gorla pri kashleAntibiotics are not always able to solve the whole problem, as some children suffer allergic reactions, and becomes necessary to undergo additional antihistamine treatment. After the end of therapy the child needs to take pills against dysbiosis.

If the child had to be put in the hospital, the medical officers must necessarily take sputum test, thanks to which you can apply proper treatment with antibiotics. Additionally appointed tests to exclude Allergy to the drug.

Allergies can be internal and external. Therefore desirable to avoid such kind of research, even if it has already carried out a few months ago: children's allergic reactions can occur unpredictably.

If your child after taking the prescribed medicines has become worse, discontinue the medication and seek help from a specialist.

The manifestation of cough, you can relieve yourself, it is necessary to do the following:

  1. Gargle with a solution of water with addition of baking soda.
  2. It is possible to spend inhalations via nebulizer with the addition of essential oils such as eucalyptus and mint.
  3. The child can lubricate the throat Lugol".
  4. To carry out rinsing with sea buckthorn oil or lubricate their throats.

If the cough be treated with antibiotics, you should give the child plenty of drink, as it promotes the discharge of mucus and thereby helps the removal of harmful substances from the child's body, which in turn promotes faster recovery.

If there is no place to do the sputum tests, the doctor writes the patient a broad-spectrum antibiotics, which include "Flemoklav" and "Amoxil".

Remember: after completing the course of treatment, it is imperative to help the child to restore the body's microflora.

In the end I wanted to pay attention to the list of antibiotics that are prescribed to children.

  1. During cough: "Amoxiclav", "Augmentin", "Ampiox", "Cefazolin", "Cefotaxime", "Cefpirome", "Roxithromycin", "Azithromycin", "Clarithromycin".
  2. During colds and runny nose: "Ampicillin", "Levofloxacin", "Amoxicillin", "Maximal", "resorption", "appointment", "Zinnat", "Amoxiclav", "Avelox".

It is forbidden to assign children: "Doxycycline", "Tetracycline", "Minocycline", "Pefloxacin", "Ofloxacin", "Chloramphenicol".

Remember that in 90% of cases, cough is a symptommanifestations of acute respiratory infections. And they are not treated with antibiotics for respiratory diseases such drugs can cause re-education of the disease.