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The difference and the similarity of pharyngitis and laryngitis

In the autumn-winter period of sore throat have nearly every. Pharyngitis and laryngitis, in contrast to other diseases, are more common.

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For the average person, the discomfort when swallowing are almost always characterized by the phrase "sore throat". For professionals such condition differenziata: it may be laryngitis, pharyngitis, tonsillitis, faringomikoz, scleroma are just some of sore throat that is highlighted in modern medicine. They differ from other symptoms and treatment.

Most often each other confused laryngitis and pharyngitis. Are they really so similar? What is their difference?

What is pharyngitis?

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Pharyngitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane of the pharynx. It formed foci of inflammation, impaired blood circulation, with the result that it acquires a bright red colour. There are many reasons for the development of this disease. Here are the most common of them:

  • viruses;
  • bacteria (pneumococci, streptococci, staphylococci, and others);
  • fungi;
  • trauma;
  • allergies.

Depending on the causes of pharyngitis can be viral, bacterial, fungal, traumatic or allergic. The most commonly found of all these viral pharyngitis. The disease usually develops against SARS, acute respiratory infections, influenza, colds.

Pharyngitis can be acute and chronic. The acute form of the disease appears as a result of the direct effects of the stimulus on the mucosa of the pharynx. It may be cold air, corrosive gas, viruses, etc. Chronic pharyngitis develops as a consequence of acute, which was not treated properly. Each of the forms of pharyngitis has its own peculiar symptoms.

Manifestations of acute pharyngitis include:

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  • pain and sore throat;
  • dryness;
  • a dry cough that occurs on the background of the previous two symptoms;
  • malaise;
  • a slight increase in body temperature.

Chronic pharyngitis is of a protracted nature. It manifests itself over a long exhausting cough, sometimes resembling the barking of a dog. The patient was tormented by the feeling of a lump in my throat, which obstructs breathing and eating. If the treatment of acute forms of the disease have not been conducted or it was wrong, the disease becomes chronic.

The treatment of pharyngitis depends on what exactly was the cause. If the disease is of a viral nature, doctors prescribe the patient anti-viral drugs. If the cause of the disease – bacteria that will need treatmentantibiotics. In both cases, parallel is assigned to the local application of antiseptic preparations: lollipops, sprays, tablets for a sore throat. General recommendations for the treatment of disease are as follows: for 5-7 days is better to refuse from harmful habits; food, irritating the walls of the pharynx; it is necessary to humidify the air in the room.

What are the peculiarities of laryngitis?

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Laryngitis is an inflammation of the larynx, involving the vocal cords. On this basis, the main symptoms of the disease are considered:

  • osiplosti and hoarseness or complete lack of it; the fact that the human voice is nothing like the vibration of the vocal cords under the influence of exhaled breath; laryngitis ligaments swell and lose the ability to work in a former mode;
  • barking cough;
  • difficulty breathing due to edema of the respiratory tract;
  • dryness in the throat;
  • malaise;
  • the increase in body temperature to 38-39 degrees.

Laryngitis can also be viral and bacterial, acute and chronic.

The disease can develop, as in the case of pharyngitis, due to SARS, acute respiratory infections, influenza, whooping cough. Another cause of illness is overexertion of the vocal cords. It is common to singers, teachers and people of other professions, whose activity is connected with the active use of the vocal apparatus.

Treatment similar to the treatment of pharyngitis. Laryngitis the patient is also recommended voice rest.

The differences between pharyngitis and laryngitis

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As mentioned above, pharyngitis develops in the mucous membrane of the pharynx, mainly on her rear wall, laryngitis is localized in the larynx, affecting the vocal cords.

In practice doctors is more common pharyngitis viral, rather than bacterial. Bacterial and viral laryngitis occur equally often. Based on this, strep throat is treated, usually without the use of antibiotics. Laryngitis treated the same and antimicrobial drugs, antiviral, depending on the individual case.

Doctors pharyngitis is more "light" disease, rather than laryngitis. A full recovery in the first case occurs after 5-7 days after onset of disease, laryngitis this time often approaching 10 days.

As noted above, laryngitis and pharyngitis are slightly different and symptoms: laryngitis have problems with the voice, the body temperature rises to higher limits. These symptoms are very easy to distinguish from each other.

No matter how many differences theseillnesses should remember the discomfort and unpleasant sensations in the throat – a reason to contact Laura.

Bacterial pharyngitis and laryngitis, unlike some other diseases of the throat, often cause the infection very quickly drops down, hitting a new the respiratory system.

The result may be bronchitis and pneumonia, which require much more time and effort to treat.