Causes and treatment if a sore throat cough runny nose no fever
A sore throat, have a cough, runny nose and no fever – these symptoms are familiar to many people. And this is a true manifestation of cold, or, medically speaking, acute respiratory viral infection (ARVI). More precisely, one of the diseases caused by various viral pathogens. Therefore, despite the apparent insignificance of the symptoms in any case they should not be ignored. After all, trifling at first glance, the sore is quite able not only to seriously poison life, but also lead to very bad complications.
Who is the culprit of the disease?
Characteristic SARS symptoms may be caused by a quite extensive family of virus pathogens, which are divided into 5 main groups:
- flu viruses;
- parainfluenza viruses;
- the reovirus.
In addition, pathogenic properties and have more than 300 different subtypes. The most characteristic feature of them is that they are extremely contagious and is mainly transmitted by airborne droplets. Many of them can spread even through bodily contact (handshake, touch on the handrails in public transport). Therefore, during the seasonal wave of infection is very important not only to avoid places of a mass congestion of people, but also to observe elementary rules of hygiene.
The overall picture of infection
Due to the nature of the spread of SARS often primarily affects nasopharynx and larynx, so the first person can feel pain and sore throat, which later accompanied by a cough and nasal discharge. Getting on the cells of the mucous membrane, the virus will quickly adapt, and then start with lightning speed to seize the territory. In most cases, the incubation period is a few days (average 1-3 days), and then immediately felt a whole range of unpleasant symptoms.
A classic set of symptoms of SARS usually consists of the following manifestations:
- cough and runny nose;
- pain and sore throat;
- aching muscles and joints;
- redness and swelling of the tonsils.
Increased the body temperature in most cases is observed only in the case if the primary disease is complicated by secondary bacterial infection.
Is it possible to identify the specific pathogen?
At home to determine which virus caused the disease, it is very difficult. The picture is of infection usuallysame for almost all groups of pathogens, but there are some differences that can help identify the culprit of the disease.
The main and most characteristic symptom of influenza is a very severe headache. In addition, there is a pronounced General malaise, lethargy and body aches, but the runny nose and cough is weak. If these symptoms are accompanied by high temperature, then you can be 100% sure that this is the flu.
Parainfluenza – this group of viruses is localized mainly in the larynx. The main symptom is rough barking cough and hoarse voice. It is very important to diagnose this disease, because quite often it gives such a dangerous complication as false croup.
The main symptom of lesions rhinoviruses – a strong cough in the absence of fever (in young children may sometimes cause fever). The impact of rhinoviruses and characterized by a runny nose. Possible complications with the defeat of rhinoviruses is sinusitis and bronchitis.
Cough with the defeat of the adenovirus is not the most pronounced symptom. More often they manifest a very strong runny nose and inflammation of the conjunctiva. If you have these symptoms it is better to quit thinking about self and to go quickly to a medical facility because adenoviruses often cause dangerous complications. If the human immune system is too weakened, the virus can infect not only the respiratory tract but also the kidneys, liver, spleen, intestines and even the brain. Therefore it is not necessary to risk once again.
With the defeat of an organism the causative agent from the group of reovirus in the first place, there is a very strong inflammation of the nasopharynx. Observed runny nose and cough. In addition, patients often experience nausea, digestive problems and painful inflammation of the tonsils. To determine that the causative agent of the disease was reovirus you to the features such as swelling of lymph nodes and a complete lack of appetite. And, although the symptoms seem quite daunting, they often completely disappear within seven days. However, if this does not happen, it is imperative to see a doctor, because the reovirus is also able to cause very serious complications.
Which therapeutic measures need to be taken?
First and foremost, it is advisable to determine what type of virus caused the disease. This will help you to choose more adequate therapy and to quickly start the correct treatment. But if this was not possible, it does not matter, because treatment is often reduced to the elimination of unpleasant symptoms.
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The fact that cough and cold medications that can destroy the virus, currently simply does not exist, so the only thing possible is to help the body to deal with the problem.
To recovery happened as quickly as possible, the patient will need the following:
- light but nourishing food;
- reception of a full complex of vitamins, minerals and amino acids;
- drink plenty of liquids;
- fresh air (as often as possible to ventilate the room);
- regular gargling and rinsing the upper respiratory tract with a special solution;
- permanent rest and sleep.
The last point can be considered the most important. I don't think to pass the disease on their feet.
Physicians have long proven fact is that the observance of rest, the disease begins to recede already 3-4 days, while patients who through the power continue to lead an active lifestyle, it is stretched for 7-10 days or more.
Moreover, it is not only the best way to extend their suffering, but also a great chance to get a dangerous complications. Therefore, it is better to call in sick and had been ill for several days, quickly to get to his feet.
How effective are the drugs and folk medicine?
Despite the fact that in most cases the body can perfectly cope with the disease yourself, it is very often necessary to resort to special medicines. Because each person's symptoms are completely different. A basic set of medicines in this case, you can limit expectorant drugs, remedies for the common cold, and also has analgesic anti-inflammatory drugs.
The first will facilitate the expectoration of phlegm and cleansing the lungs of mucus, the second eliminates blockage of the upper respiratory tract, and others help to localize the inflammatory process, as well as give the patient an opportunity to rest, which is a very important tool for speedy victory over the disease.
Will the benefits of traditional medicine – the answer is only positive. Decoctions of wild rose, hawthorn and dried fruit, herbal teas based on thyme, lemon balm, calendula, chamomile, mint and many other herbs (for more details, you can consult a pharmacist), hot tea with raspberry or currant jam, warm milk with honey – all these tools contribute to the overall strengthening of the body and greatly facilitate the disease.
However, from such popular tools asbanks, mustard or vodka (alcohol) compresses, it is better to refuse. The fact that they need to have certain skills, so if there is no possibility to assign this to an experienced therapist, it is better not to refuse them. Be healthy!