Home / Topic "Runny nose (rhinitis)" / How to effectively and quickly cure a lingering cold in an adult?

How to effectively and quickly cure a lingering cold in an adult?

The question of how to cure a lingering cold in an adult, not to provoke complications, is one of the most popular among those that are asked by patients on reception at the otolaryngologist. After all, every adult person familiar with such condition as runny nose, appearing due to hypothermia or due to virus infection.

problema zatyazhnogo nasmorka

Traditionally, the common cold lasts one to two weeks, but there are times when he goes into a prolonged process, then it becomes a matter of concern and seeking medical attention.

Causes of prolonged runny nose

To understand the true cause and prescribe treatment for persistent long time, the cold can only be a specialist. In order to obtain a complete clinical picture of the existing disease, you need to conduct a thorough laboratory examination, which is prescribed by a doctor.

The main reasons for a long time disturbing the common cold can be:
allergiya - prichina nasmorka

  • the developing inflammatory process in the body (sinusitis, sinusitis);
  • sensitivity to various allergens;
  • a mental condition in which runny nose periodically appears and disappears;
  • high dryness of the air and drafts.

Long-term rhinitis (rhinitis) appears in the result of inflammation and swelling of the mucous membrane of the sinuses. It is characterized by such manifestations as a constant congestion of the nasal passages, breathing difficulty, transparent or purulent secretion of the mucous fluid from the nose, accompanied by a burning sensation and irritation in the nose. Often protracted disease Supplement headaches, sleep disturbance and decreased performance.

The nasal cavity performs several important functions. When the ingress of air into the nose it warms, moistens and cleans it up. As a result of influence of some adverse factors inflamed mucosa of the nasal cavity. It can be bacteria, dust, cold air, allergic irritants, and more. The running condition of the disease, if not treated on time can cause chronic, which can cause disorder of the respiratory function and changes in the heart and lungs.

Regardless of the reasons for the development of rhinitis, the inflammatory process in the nasal cavity has common characteristics. Given that the nasal cavity contains many blood vessels, due to illness of the blood circulation and produces blood stasis, nasal mucosa swells, making it difficult nasal breathing. In the end, there is a runny nose with characteristic secretions.

Principal rhinitis

src="/respiratory/images/494-2.jpg" title="the increases in rhinitis" alt="the increases in rhinitis">Modern medicine klassificeret several subtypes of rhinitis: acute, chronic, catarrhal, hypertrophic, atrophic, vasomotor, and medicamentous.

The most common is an acute rhinitis, which an adult starts from several manifestations: watery eyes, itching, headache and fever. The duration of this stage - up to two days. The second stage is accompanied by a stuffy nose, impaired sense of smell. The danger of this type of cold in his rapid transition into the chronic form if delayed treatment and complications: bronchitis, otitis media, sinusitis and pneumonia.

Catarrhal rhinitis reduced immune status, which is characterized by frequent colds, there is moderate nasal congestion and slight breathing difficulties. When used in a short time antibacterial ointments and antiseptics disease retreats.

Hypertrophic rhinitis is characterized by increased secretion from the nose, strong his congestion, which contributes to headaches, and slowing of smell. All this happens due to the narrowing of the nasal passages and enlargement of the turbinates. As a rule, in this form of the disease designate surgical impact.

golovnye boli pri riniteAtrophic rhinitis is manifested by dryness and crusting in the nose, with sensation of retraction, the appearance of infrequently occurring bleeding. Assigned to conservative therapy: mainly softening, disinfectant and annoying drops or ointments.

Vasomotor rhinitis develops on the background of diseases involving violations of vascular tone. Its main characteristic is the alternating congestion of the nasal passages. With the help of nasal blockages, ultrasonic disintegration treatment azotemia and other procedures, the disease is cured. Drug-induced rhinitis develops as a side effect as a result of taking certain medications, excluding which the patient recovers.

Treatment of the common cold

One of the most effective ways to treat the common cold in adults are pulmonary, baths and a hot drink. For some time, the patients are prescribed bed rest. These measures are good only at the initial stage of cold, when the disease is not passed in the protracted stage.

If the disease started to progress and demonstrate new symptoms, such as nasal congestion, discharge, which are increasing day by day, then the doctor prescribes a special group preparations: vasoconstrictor to relieve nasal breathing and some other compound medicines.

Ifthe therapeutic effect is not possible, an antibiotic is prescribed in conjunction with inhalations and washings.

polza ingalyacii pri riniteIn fact, ways to cure a lingering cold a lot:

  1. Warming the feet with mustard and baths (assuming normal body temperature).
  2. Inhalation of essential oils, decoctions of herbs.
  3. Burying the nasal passages juices from natural vegetables and fruits.
  4. The use of immunostimulatory hot teas and drinks.
  5. Massage of the sinuses.

With great care should be taken to some means of treating people with chronic diseases, pregnant women.

Nature against the cold

Huge popular drugs on a natural basis (sprays, ointments or drops) in the treatment of protracted forms of rhinitis. When correctly prescribed the drug, the patient noted the relief on the second day: swelling is reduced, reducing the amount of discharge. Some homeopathic medicines to help boost immunity, improve the body's resistance to all kinds of infections and viruses. Widely popular essential oils used as components for aromatherapy and inhalation.

For the treatment of acute rhinitis herbs the most effective is recognized as the decoction of chamomile, calendula, eucalyptus leaves, which wash out the nose several times a day. Well established in this stage, the consumption of brewed tea with raspberries and lemon as excellent vitaminized means.

Chronic rhinitis is well treated by lavage of the sinuses with iodine mixed with salt (200 ml iodine with 1 teaspoon of salt). A good remedy is the use of the brewed leaves of calendula and eucalyptus spoon which pour 300 ml of boiling water, insist 30 minutes and drink at night.

In allergic rhinitis rinse the nasal mucosa with a solution of salt or lemon juice mixed with water. Effective, long-proven method recognized by the inhalation of a mixture of chamomile, oregano, lime flowers. In a liter of water to boil seven tablespoons of the mixture of these herbs, add 3 drops of essential oil of eucalyptus or mint. Excellent means of protection and prevention against the common cold are different forms of juices, aloe, Kalanchoe, garlic, diluted in a ratio of 1:1 with honey and used as nose drops.

A big plus is the fact that with such herbal remedy in the form of compresses and ointments can absolutely not worry about side effects because the drugs are safe and not harmful to the body. But despite this, doctors recommend not to self-medicate and to follow only the advice of experts: avoidhypothermia and colds, not to visit places that contains allergens, to prevent freezing of the feet and to strengthen the immune system. You should always practice good personal hygiene and not to use other people's handkerchiefs, as well as keep your nose clean, thus protecting it from penetration of microorganisms.

Adhering to these simple tips, you can forget about such an unpleasant and painful illness, such as runny nose.