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What is rhinitis and how to treat this disease?

Rhinitis - what is it? And why any cold not complete without a runny nose? How often transparent mucus flowing from the nose, accumulates in the nasal passages, interferes with normal breathing? Contagious cold? How to treat it?

problema vozniknoveniya rinita

Rhinitis is not always a separate disease. In infectious diseases caused by some types of viruses the common cold occurs as a reaction of the organism to the inflammatory process occurring in the nasopharynx. The mucous membranes become inflamed due to actively reproducing them on viral infections, the mucus begins to separate and go outside (or to flow down the walls of the larynx in the throat).

What is rhinitis?

simptomy rinitaInflammatory processes in the mucous membranes of the nasal passages, accompanied by copious secretion of mucus, nasal congestion, called rhinitis (or runny nose). How long is the common cold?

Duration of inflammatory processes in the mucous membranes of the nose depends on the reasons that caused the rhinitis. If the runny nose caused by some infections (by viruses or fungi), it usually takes a week or 10 days. Allergic form of rhinitis takes place when stops direct contact of the patient with the allergen.

Hormonal rhinitis is commonly found in pregnant women in the third trimester of pregnancy. It is not an infectious disease but occurs due to hormonal changes in a woman's body. Usually it lasts until the birth and then goes away as soon as hormonal balance of the female body returns to normal.

When the common cold contagious?

Not all types of rhinitis are contagious. Only those patients who are diagnosed with the flu, colds or acute respiratory viral disease, are contagious. Moreover, viruses these types of infectious diseases reproduce only on the mucous membranes of the nose and throat, so sneezing and coughing, they may together with phlegm and mucus to stand out in the environment and infect healthy people.

In all viral diseases of the nasopharynx of rhinitis is one of the main symptoms of these diseases. It may be accompanied by dry or wet cough (when actively inflamed mucus drains into the throat) zasyhaya mucus can clog the nasal passages and interfere with normal breathing.

suhoj ili mokryj kashel pri riniteAny other type of rhinitis is not contagious, because inflammation in the nasal passages do not happen because of infection and individual reaction of the organism to negative external stimuli (in allergic rhinitis, for example) or because of functional failures in the body or irregularities inthe structure of the nasal passages. There are other causes of rhinitis, which is not contagious to others, but a lot of negative feelings for the patient.

Separately should stay on the common cold caused by a fungus. This kind of inflammatory process on the mucous membranes is rare. Why it occurs in humans? Usually in the treatment of several infectious and other diseases, antibiotics are used. They quickly and effectively cope with the disease, but violate the intestinal microflora.

In the digestive tract of humans peacefully coexist "harmful" and beneficial bacteria, fungi and other microorganisms. They do not allow each other to actively reproduce, so the body does not have disease caused by those microorganisms which live in it. But if the antibiotics kill the majority of harmful and beneficial bacteria, fungal growth no one to keep. The growth of fungi inhibits the strong immunity of the person. If after a serious illness is a weakening of the immune system, it causes the active growth of fungi. As a result, the human body can occur in fungal diseases of the genitourinary system and the various diseases of oral cavity (including the nasal).

What are the main stages of the common cold?

postoyannoe chihanie na pervoj stadii rinitaDoctors say all three stages of a cold, which gradually into one another as soon as the person starts to recover.

In the first stage of the disease starts in the nose inflammation of the mucous membrane, the nasopharynx begins to swell. In the nose there is a feeling of itching and burning, but the nasal passages are at this time still dry. People are constantly sneezing and nasal mucosa blood vessels expand in the process of development of colds.

For the second stage of rhinitis is characterized by the appearance of watery mucus from the nasal passages. It starts with the rejection of the inflamed particles of mucus. This discharge can also go down into the throat and cause cough, redness of the throat and pain when swallowing. Not to be confused with the sore throat for colds and sore throat caused by bacterial infections.

Angina the primary inflammation occurs on the tonsils, and catarrhal changes in the throat characterized by a General redness of the throat, on the tonsils there is never purulent plaque.

ispolzovanie antibiotikov dlya lecheniya nasmorkaIn the treatment of rhinitis can not use such medicines as antibiotics. They are powerless against viral infections and can only disturb the microflorathe digestive tract, with the possible occurrence of the patient colds to diarrhoea and other disorders in the intestine, not related to the underlying disease.

For the third stage is characterized by the appearance of a thick discharge, and changes their color: they can acquire a greenish tint. It is at this stage may occur the so-called internal cold. Thick secretion can clog the nasal passages and down the back wall of the larynx in the throat. This is the symptoms of internal cold.

Dangerous than the common cold?

Dangerous than the common cold for children? The fact that children, unlike adults, the nasal passages are much narrower, so when cold they quickly become clogged with pieces of mucus, and the child is forced to breathe through the mouth. Such breathing is wrong and unnatural. In addition, the child's body is still imperfect, and the process of heat exchange occurs not through sweat glands located on the skin and in the nasopharynx.

osmotr vracha pri nasmorke u detejIf nasal passages are clogged child, he with a cold breathing through the mouth, and if he has a fever, the mucous membranes of the mouth and upper respiratory system begin to dry. Pieces of dried mucus cause coughing in babies. And doctors sometimes confuse this cough, when the child tries to expel out the dried mucus, with incipient bronchitis.

In addition, when a child tries to vismarkt snot, then they can get into the ear canals and cause an ear infection. In this case, doctors recommend the use of vasoconstrictor drops and sprays to prevent the development of the child's otitis media.

But the main danger of the common cold for both kids and adults, is a disturbance of normal nasal breathing. Few people realize how important it is for people nasal breathing. When cold air enters the nasal passages, it is warmed, in addition, the nasal mucosa is usually deposited small particles of dust or other foreign substances in the environment, and do not fall into the respiratory tract, interfering with their normal operation.

If the nose is stuffed up, it affects not only the upper Airways and lungs but also the cardiovascular system, the brain, can increase the pressure and lack of sense of smell (person ceases to distinguish smells).

So those who believe that the rhinitis is not a serious disease and to treat it is not necessarily very wrong. To treat runny nose need in the first place in order to restore normal nasal breathing and to prevent the development of secondary diseases.

How to treat a runny nose?

Treatment of a cold is inextricably linked to the treatment of the underlying respiratory disease.

title="Inhalation for the treatment of rhinitis" alt="Inhalation for the treatment of rhinitis">as is often the runny nose occurs in acute viral diseases, or influenza, therapy, antiviral drugs, immunomodulators for effective aid to the immune system in combating viruses.

And immediately the runny nose should be treated in the following way:

  • lavage of the nasal passages saline physiological solutions with proper implementation of this procedure the solution should flow into one nostril and exit the other;
  • the use of ointments to reduce dryness in the nasal passages;
  • with severe nasal congestion (and for the prevention of otitis media in children) are used vasoconstrictor drops and sprays, however, to avoid addiction to these medicines cannot be used for more than 3 to 4 days;
  • you can do steam inhalation nasal, to reduce dryness of mucous membranes, this procedure improves nasal breathing.

Usually in the treatment of rhinitis using various folk remedies. Can be instilled into the nose juice of Kalanchoe: it is good for clearing the nasal passages. Also the nose is usually buried beet juice or the carrot (usually such "drops" administered to children - they do not pinch the nose and pleasant to the taste).

Adults are advised the juice of garlic or onion to mix with vegetable oil (in equal proportions) and place 2 - 3 drops in each nostril.

Soar feet with mustard only when the body temperature of the patient was normal. Be healthy!