How to quickly identify pneumonia at home?
How to identify pneumonia at home? Pneumonia is a common infectious disease affecting the lung tissue. The inflammatory process develops in the alveoli and bronchi, resulting in pathological changes in them. Pneumonia is most common in children, but often is diagnosed in adults. Agents of the disease are Mycoplasma, Staphylococcus, and viruses. Depending on the type of microorganisms penetrated into lung tissue, symptoms can vary.
Causes of pneumonia
Pneumonia occurs not only in contact with pathogenic bacteria and viruses, may occur it and in bedridden patients in violation of the pulmonary circulation. Therefore, the patient is recommended to turn often. This will help to avoid the formation of pressure sores, which cause infection of the blood. The treatment takes about a month, and includes antibiotics, immunomodulators and Wellness products, as well as physical therapy. Good effect and give some people money.
The main symptoms are: chest pain, painful cough with sputum production, high fever, fatigue, pain in muscles and joints.
In the presence of at least one of these signs immediately seek medical attention.
A weakened immune system promotes the rapid development of the disease, exacerbating his current bad habits: Smoking and alcoholism. Inhalation of tobacco smoke contributes to irritation of the mucous membranes of the bronchi. Other causes of pneumonia are: surgical interventions, chronic diseases of heart and vessels, endocrine disorders, malnutrition, poor environmental conditions. Pneumonia can be bacterial, viral and atypical. It is quite difficult to understand what form of the disease in the patient. Signs of pneumonia can not know, be confused with the symptoms of the common cold and SARS. However, there are specific signs how to recognize pneumonia.
How to diagnose pneumonia?
So, let's see, what to do if you are faced with this disease, as pneumonia, how to identify pneumonia? Clinical manifestations depend on the degree of destruction of pulmonary tissue and the patient's age. In children and older people, the disease is more severe. One of the characteristic signs of pneumonia is pain when coughing. Rare coughing eventually go into painful coughs. In addition, the body temperature dramaticallyrises to 39-40 °C and is accompanied by fever. Pain in the chest and abdomen when breathing, sneezing and coughing.
The next stages of the disease the patient is experiencing constant aching pain in the chest, breathing quickens. Phlegm contains traces of pus and has a yellow or brown color. With increasing temperature the skin becomes dry and starts to peel off. Develops intoxication, which manifests itself as heart palpitations and headaches. Dehydration begins.
In addition to the characteristic symptoms of pneumonia, decrease of appetite, appearance of unhealthy blush on the cheeks, especially on the part of the inflamed lung. Due to strong low immunity can appear the sores and rashes on my lips. Urine is excreted in small quantities and has a dark color.
In order to avoid serious complications, should see a doctor immediately and start treatment. Focal forms of the disease striking in a separate lobe of the lung and may occur without pronounced symptoms. Under the influence of some factors, focal inflammation can worsen and quickly capture all easy.
How to cure pneumonia outpatient? For the proper treatment of pneumonia require a comprehensive therapy. The course of treatment is chosen individually, depending on the causative agent and main symptoms. Usually prescribed few are compatible with each other drugs. Can pick up only a doctor, besides, in some cases, the treatment should be corrected.
Why take antibiotics?
Lobular pneumonia hitherto considered fatal disease, with the help of modern antibiotics completely cured. The main task of doctors is the selection of an effective antibiotic. Many infectious agents become resistant to certain antibiotics, especially if they are wrong to take.
Before starting therapy it is necessary to hand over a sputum on the analysis. The inoculation medium will help to identify the pathogen and to find antibacterial drug.
Mild forms of pneumonia occur when ingested, Mycoplasma, chlamydia and pneumococci. These pneumonia have features, which help doctors distinguish them from other forms of pneumonia. In pneumococcal infections, an antibiotic is prescribed penicillin. If the disease is caused by mycoplasmas, are effective antibiotics tetracycline, fluoroquinolones and macrolides. For the destruction of chlamydia fit macrolides and fluoroquinolones.The duration of treatment depends on how quickly begin to subside the symptoms. Antibiotics are recommended for at least a week.
How to remove phlegm?
An important part of treatment is removal of phlegm from the lungs. The accumulation of mucus in the lungs promotes the growth of bacteria and worsening of the disease. Now in the treatment of inflammation of the lungs most commonly prescribed Ambroxol. This drug liquefies mucus, without increasing its volume, stimulates peristalsis of the bronchial tubes, which contributes to the rapid removal of sputum from the bronchi, stimulates the production of surfactant - a substance to prevent bonding of the walls of the alveoli. Due to these properties, this drug can replace most of mucolytics and cough remedies. It can be used through inhalation or in the form of tablets and syrups.
Good effect for pneumonia give warming and physiotherapeutic methods of treatment. You can assign them to after lowering the body temperature. At home, you can put the banks and mustard, conducting these procedures in turn. Then move on to procedures performed in the clinic. When pneumonia is prescribed UHF, electrophoresis with drugs, magnetic therapy, etc. In the recovery period can be paraffin and mud treatment. Performing breathing exercises begin immediately after bringing the body temperature back to normal.
Traditional methods of treatment of pneumonia
Antibiotics can be combined with the use of such funds:
- 1 tablespoon St. John's wort, and 3 tablespoons of elecampane pour 0.5 liters of boiling water. The broth simmer on low heat for 30-40 minutes. 2 cups of lime honey melt in a water bath. Liquid honey add 1 Cup of vegetable oil. Then the broth Hypericum and elecampane, strain and add the mixture of honey and oil. Infuse the drug in the refrigerator for 2 weeks in a glass container, then to take 5 times a day 1 teaspoon. The course of treatment - 2 weeks.
- 250 g aloe leaves chop, mix with 0.5 liters of Cahors and 350 g of liquid honey. Infuse for 2 weeks, strain and take 1 tbsp.spoon 3 times a day.
Rehabilitation of the patient
After the treatment of pneumonia daily is recommended to eat a small piece of propolis, and also to inflate the balloons. This exercise is required to increase lung volume and restore their functions.