What is herpes angina?
Herpes angina is considered one of the serious diseases of ENT-organs. The reason for its occurrence is the herpes simplex virus, which provokes an inflammatory process in the tonsils. Running form can lead to unpredictable consequences. You should be careful, because the disease most often affects children.
The origin of the disease?
In order to understand this question, it is necessary to study the protective mechanisms of the person. We all know that tonsils are the barrier that protects the body from foreign microorganisms. If their number is quite large and the tonsils are doing their job, begins the inflammatory process. Thus, swollen lymph nodes, what causes the discomfort. Yet the fight against infection continues.
Tonsils - quite a powerful lymph nodes. But their productivity is declining due to weak immunity, contact with carriers of the virus, hypothermia or the presence of chronic diseases. Herpetic angina occurs in children more often than adults due to a lack of a strong immune system. The child's body in the process of formation is therefore more vulnerable.
Herpes angina, in comparison with other species, does not occur very often. It occurs in the presence of herpes infection in the body. Pathogens can also be adenovirus or influenza virus. The disease has a definite seasonality. Most often it can occur during the summer or beginning of autumn.
Causes of herpes sore throat in adults are slightly different from those that cause disease in children. These include:
- hormonal imbalances;
- a weak immune system.
Because the vaccine disease does not exist, you need to follow the rules of hygiene, and avoid contact with carriers of the virus.
Timely diagnosis of herpetic tonsillitis is capable of serological and virological tests. Ideal swabs collected from the inflamed throat. Also conduct a differential diagnosis. It is based on such parameters: the age of the baby, the characteristics of the disease, localization of the rash. Complement the overall picture can blood tests and the subsequent determination of the pathogen.
Symptoms of the disease
Herpangina in children has a numbercertain peculiarities. Its main symptoms are the following:
- Fever and General malaise. Temperature spikes are in the range of 2-3°C occur over short periods of time.
- Inflammation and rash on the mucous membrane of the mouth, throat. For some time red spots become blisters that burst and form ulcers. The area of the tonsils becomes so painful that difficult to swallow.
- Nausea right after the jump temperature. She is accompanied by headache and diarrhea.
- Muscle pain, stomach. The little one year old baby possible even seizures.
- Enlarged lymph nodes in the body, which are accompanied by pain effect.
Sometimes the muting of all symptoms and their complete disappearance. This is the most dangerous period, because the patient is a carrier of the virus.
Herpes sore throat in adults can be recognized by the following signs:
- body aches;
- the pain when swallowing.
Accompanying symptom is lack of appetite.
Then comes the peak of the disease: the temperature rises to 40°C and is accompanied by fever. Severe as is observed for three days. Sore throat is enhanced. Rash with the formation of small wounds.
Rehabilitation occurs within 1-2 weeks, after which immune.
Herpes tonsillitis can give complications. Although this happens quite rarely, still such cases are registered. The reason for this is the inflammation, which lasted for a long period. Such complications include meningitis, encephalitis, nephritis.
How to recover from herpes sore throat?
Treatment is by appointment therapist without specific requirements. Most often used antipyretic drugs, but also antiseptics with immunomodulators. Enormous role played by antiviral agents. If the disease is accompanied by bacterial infection, antibiotics are prescribed.
Because of today's drugs from the herpes virus does not exist, the key to recovery is reducing the symptoms of angina and to prevent possible complications.
Treatment of herpes angina in children is based on temperature control and relieve discomfort. The child should stay in bed, eat well and drink plenty of fluids. For the benefit of the vitamins and warm tea. Effective is procedure rinse decoction of herbs. For infusions, suitable chamomile, calendula, sage, eucalyptus. Soothe aching wound will help decoction of the barkoak.
To speed up the recovery will help the following procedures:
- inhalation of essential oils, for example eucalyptus;
- wiping diluted in water with vinegar to reduce the temperature;
- gargling with salt solution or potassium permanganate.
To treat the disease with the help of the warming is strictly prohibited. This leads to replication of the virus and further spread. The child will become worse, and the likelihood of complications will only increase.
As a treatment for herpetic tonsillitis propose a radical solution - removing the tonsils. Treatment of herpes angina in children in this way is not as common, although this method prevents subsequent spread of infection throughout the body.
To protect your child and yourself from herpes sore throat at the first symptoms of illness should immediately go to the doctor. Only he will be able to make an accurate diagnosis and prescribe the right course of treatment. Remember that the timely visit to the hospital is the key to a quick recovery!