Characteristic symptoms, types of sore throat
Symptoms of angina delivered the strongest discomfort during the disease is inflammation and lesion of the tonsils. The disease can be triggered by various viruses, bacteria, fungi, which often contact people. In medicine there is another name for tonsillitis - acute tonsillitis.
The disease often provoke streptococci, located in a dusty home environment, a sore throat can be transmitted through utensils and personal belongings of the infected.
Sore throat appears due to the fact that microbes already present in the throat, aktiviziruyutsya under the action of favorable conditions for them.
Causes of acute tonsillitis
Some people have very sensitive body, a provocateur of the disease in this case could be accidentally eaten ice cream or some dry feet. Often angina sick as a result of exposure industrial or household dust. If a person has nasal disease, there is a considerable probability of developing quinsy (the disease can cause the adenoids).
If the person often has strep throat, it could be a sign that the nasal cavity is an inflammatory process. Some diseases of the mouth can also cause sore throat. It is worth remembering that it is contagious, avoid infection one should keep the individual utensils and personal hygiene items. If the family is infected, it is necessary to separate his stuff, it is important to avoid infecting the children.
Symptoms of angina appear clearly. First and foremost the man is a rise in body temperature, it can rise up to 39°C. When infected with flu, the patient feels General weakness and malaise, acute sore throat occurs mainly during swallowing and eating, in some cases, a symptom is aching joints. In this disease the tonsils, the uvula and Palatine arch becomes intense red colour. The tonsils may be areas covered with pus. There are several types of disease. Signs of angina can be similar to symptoms of the common cold: they should be to recognize in time to see a doctor and start treatment in time. The average sore throat lasts about 5 to 7 days.
The types of illness and the duration of the incubation period
There are primary, secondary and specific a sore throat. In the first case the inflammatory process is manifested by the defeat of the lymphadenoid ring throat. Secondary sore throat is a disease in which the lesions of the tonsils as a result of one or another infectiousdiseases, such as scarlet fever. Etiological factor of specific acts of sore throat infection. Angina is divided into types. The disease is also classified by severity: it can be mild, moderate and severe. Most people easily tolerate catarrhal angina, the most difficult type is necrotic.
Strep throat has an incubation period: the disease can be felt 10-15 hours after infection, in some cases, the incubation period lasts up to 3 days. After the disease manifests itself in humans is fever, it begins to feel the pain when swallowing. In the most mild form of catarrhal sore throat - there is a superficial lesion of the tonsils. Body temperature in this case is kept in the range of 38°C and never rises above this level. Tonsils catarrhal angina increase, the disease progresses in about 2 days, then the inflammatory process in the throat goes down.
One of the varieties of the disease - sore throat herpes, mainly it develops in childhood. This illness triggers the virus, transmitted by airborne droplets. With such a angina the person pain in the abdomen, it is pain when swallowing and during the meal, there is a headache, in some cases there is vomiting and diarrhea.
If you look around the area of the soft palate, it will see very small bubbles. If a person lacunar or follicular tonsillitis, the symptoms are even more pronounced, the body temperature can rise to 40°C.
The person can feel General weakness, it can feel the pain in the heart area and head, sometimes the pain goes to muscles.
Lacunar tonsillitis is characterized by lesions of the tonsils in the gaps with the spread of purulent plaque on the free surface of the tonsils. In a laboratory study the doctor sees swelling of the tonsils, which is expressed very clearly. Gaps have purulent contents that forms on the surface of the tonsils plaque.
This plaque does not extend beyond the tonsils, it is easy enough to remove. With regard to follicular tonsillitis, the disease has its characteristic symptoms (mainly lesions affects the follicular apparatus of tonsils).
Tonsils become atrophied, they are visible to the swelling, through the epithelial cover can be seen festering follicles, in size they are not too large. If the follicles with pus reveal, appears purulent plaque, which does not extend beyondthe tonsils.
Fibrinous angina is characterized by the appearance of specific white-yellow coating on the tonsils. This type of disease may evolve independently or be derived from lacunar tonsillitis.
Fibrinous angina may be accompanied by fever: the person feels fever, sometimes with visible signs of intoxication. Another kind of angina, necrotic. The appearance of the disease symptoms become pronounced: vomiting begins, thinking becomes muddled, there may be fever.
Treatment of sore throat: how dangerous untreated, the disease?
It is important to remember that angina is a disease that requires immediate treatment. If done independently, this can only aggravate the situation and lead to various complications. Angina can cause a number of diseases that will threaten not only health, but life itself.
Untreated, the disease can lead to rheumatism, the disease manifests itself in lesions of the joints, heart and brain. You should know that sore throat can lead to some kidney diseases such as pyelonephritis. Kidney disease is very dangerous for health, especially kidney failure. Infection from a sore throat can get into the chest and lead to inflammation of the meninges. Angina is dangerous because can lead to toxic shock, which is manifested by poisoning organism products of microbial.
It is worth remembering that angina can lead to death, if a person gets infected blood trapped in the body infection. Sore throat may be the so-called local complications (laryngeal edema, bleeding from the tonsils). In order to avoid them, you need to consult a doctor: only a doctor choose the correct treatment tactics. Viral tonsillitis may occur in the carrier of streptococcal infection, for the treatment of such diseases antibiotics are not used.
In the first three days after infection, it is necessary to observe strict bed rest, then you can gradually stand up and walk around the house. All cold foods must be eliminated from the diet, you should give up hot drinks. If a person experiences severe pain in the throat, it is recommended to give him food in the form of a liquid puree. During the treatment the doctor prescribes antipyretic drugs, drugs relieve pain in the throat, is the lubrication of the tonsils, gargling. In the treatment of angina in a child you cannot use aspirin.
In order to reduce the temperature and relieve the patient's condition, you can use paracetamol. Sore throat accompanied by a runny nose quite often, the voice of a manbecomes hoarse, in this case, you must take the medicine prescribed by a doctor. Previously, the removal of the tonsils was a common treatment. In the modern world the procedure is performed only in the case if the person has frequent re-tonsillitis caused by beta-hemolytic Streptococcus.